1600-1699

Timeline created by KaShelton
In History
  • Virginia Company Established

    The Virginia Company was established, and focused its sights on the New World. After seeing the success of the Spanish in South America, it hoped to find the same success in the north. (YAWP, Chapter 2, Colliding Cultures)
  • Founding of Jamestown

    Jamestown was founded by the English, as their first successful settlement in the New World. While the first few years were difficult for the colony, it would, eventually, thrive. (YAWP, Chapter 2, Colliding Cultures)
  • Founding of Quebec

    Quebec was founded by Samuel de Champlain. It was the foothold for what would become New France. (YAWP, Chapter 2, Colliding Cultures)
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    "Starving Times" in Jamestown

    Settlers at Jamestown suffered through the "starving times", which started in the winter of 1609 and lasted until spring of 1610. All but sixty settlers would die by 1610. (YAWP, Chapter 2, Colliding Cultures)
  • Founding of Santa Fe

    First permanent European settlement in the Southwest, established by the Spaniards. (American YAWP, Chapter 2, Colliding Cultures)
  • Founding of New Netherland

    New Netherland was founded by the Dutch, which became an essential part of the Dutch New World Empire. (YAWP, Chapter 2, Colliding Cultures)
  • Tobacco Exported from Jamestown

    The first tobacco crop, created by John Rolfe the year before, was exported to England. It fetched a high price, beginning the tobacco boom that made Jamestown successful. (YAWP, Chapter 2, Colliding Cultures)
  • Creation of the House of Burgesses

    The House of Burgesses was created by the Virginia Company, a limited representative body. (YAWP, Chapter 2, Colliding Cultures)
  • First African Slaves Brought to America

    The Dutch brought the first African slaves to America, and sold them to Jamestown. Originally, only twenty slaves were sold, but it resulted in the slavery epidemic. (YAWP, Chapter 2, Colliding Cultures)
  • Founding of Plymouth Colony

    Plymouth Colony was founded in Massachusetts by the pilgrims, a group of Separatists from England. (YAWP, Chapter 2, Colliding Cultures)
  • Slaves Imported to New Netherland

    The first African slaves were imported to New Netherland to solve the labor problem. They were tasked with building New Amsterdam. (YAWP, Chapter 2, Colliding Cultures)
  • Founding of Massachusetts Bay

    Massachusetts Bay Colony was founded by the English. (YAWP, Chapter 2, Colliding Cultures)
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    "Great Migration"

    Approximately 20,000 Puritans migrated from Europe to New England to escape persecution. (YAWP, Chapter 2, Colliding Cultures)
  • Founding of Connecticut

    Connecticut was founded by the English in 1636. (YAWP, Chapter 2, Colliding Cultures)
  • Founding of Rhode Island

    Rhode Island was founded by the English in 1636. It began with the creation of Providence by Roger Williams. (YAWP, Chapter 2, Colliding Cultures)
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    Pequot War

    The Pequot War was fought between an alliance English colonies and the Pequot tribe. After the war, hundreds of Native Americans were sold into slavery in the West Indies. (YAWP, Chapter 3, British North America)
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    Governor Kieft's War

    Governor Kieft's War was fought between local Indian tribes and Dutch colonists in New Netherland. After the war, many Algonquians were enslaved. (YAWP, Chapter 3, British North America)
  • Economic Embargo Placed on Rebelling Colonies

    Parliament placed an economic embargo on rebelling colonies that were loyal to the late Charles I. This forced those colonies to accept Parliament's authority. (YAWP, Chapter 3, British North America)
  • Navigation Act of 1651

    Parliament issued the Navigation Act of 1651, which required colonists to ship their goods to directly to England in English ships. This was to tie the colonies more closely with England, and stop the Dutch from interfering in American economics. (YAWP, Chapter 3, British North America)
  • Jamaica Acquired by England

    Jamaica was acquired by the Crown, which brought in a lot of money from their sugar production.
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    Esopus Wars

    The two Esopus wars were fought between local Indians and New Amsterdam between 1659 and 1663. After the war, many Indians were enslaved. (YAWP, Chapter 3, British North America)
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    Civil War in England

    A civil war erupted in England between Charles I and Parliament. Parliament won in 1669, and Charles I was executed. England became a republic under Oliver Cromwell. (YAWP, Chapter 3, British North America)
  • New Netherland becomes an English Colony

    New Netherland was handed over to the English, as the colony was too small to defend itself again English invasions. (YAWP, Chapter 3, British North America)
  • Founding of Charleston

    Charleston was founded by the English, and viewed as a threat to the nearby Spanish colonies. It became the leading port for slaves to enter the mainland. (YAWP, Chapter 3, British North America)
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    King Philip's War

    King Philip's War was fought between the New England colonies and local Indians. It resulted in the enslavement of many Indians. (YAWP, Chapter 3, British North America)
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    Bacon's Rebellion

    Bacon's Rebellion, led by Nathaniel Bacon against Governor Berkeley. The rebels thought that the governor didn't do enough to protect the colonists from Natives. It ended with Bacon's death from disease and Governor Berkeley returning to England in shame. (YAWP, Chapter 3, British North America)
  • Pueblo Rebellion

    In the greatest act of indigenous resistance in American history, the Puebloans, led by religious leader Pepe, overthrew the Spanish and drove them out for twelve years.
  • Glorious Revolution

    The Glorious Revolution occurred in 1688, a relatively peaceful coup which replaced James II with the Dutch Prince William of Holland, the son-in-law of James II. James II was considered too Catholic and French-leaning for Parliament. (YAWP, Chapter 3, British North America)
  • Slavery Outlawed Amongst Quakers

    Slavery was outlawed for Quakers, when members of the Society of Friends signed a petition outside Philadelphia. (YAWP, Chapter 3, British North America)
  • British Bill of Rights

    Parliament passed a Bill of Rights, which curtailed the power of the monarchy and cemented Protestantism in England. (YAWP, Chapter 3, British North America)
  • Paper Bills Issued

    Massachusetts became the first colony to issue paper bills as currency called bills of credit. Other colonies would soon follow. (YAWP, Chapter 4, Colonial Society)
  • Founding of North Carolina

    North Carolina was founded by the lords proprietor in 1691, in response to the resistance of the locals to Carolina authority. (YAWP, Chapter 3, British North America)
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    Salem Witch Trials

    The Salem Witch Trials resulted in the death of fourteen women, six men, and five others who died in prison. There was little to no evidence condemning these "witches". (YAWP, Chapter 3, British North America)
  • Decree of Sanctuary

    The Decree of Sanctuary was issued by the Spanish king, which promised freedom to any slave that escaped to Spanish territory if they converted to Catholicism and swore an oath of loyalty to Spain. (YAWP, Chapter 3, British North America)