Jan 1, 1400
The CaravalThe Caraval was a ship made mainly for exploring. It was sturdier than earlier vessels . It also had triangular sails that allowed it to sail effectively against the wind. Without the invention of the Caraval , exploring the world would have been a lot more difficult & stressful for the europeans. Found on page 531 - World History Textbook * Found on page 530 - World History Textbook *
Jan 1, 1419
Portugal Leads The WayPortugal were the leaders in overseas exploration, mainly because of thier government support. Prince Henry of Portugal founded a navigational school where sailors, shipbuilders & etc.. could perfect thier trade. By the time he died in 1460, the Portugese had established a series of trading posts along Western Africa. Found on page 530 - World History Textbook *
Found on page 532 - World History TextBook *
Jan 1, 1486
Bartholemu DiasBartholemu Dias Bartholemu Dias and his crew were the first sailors from Portugal to reach the southern tip of Africa. But because his crew were running ou of food , and were getting sick , he decided to retun home. 10 years later, he helped Vasco De Gama,plan a voyage around Africa To India .
Jan 1, 1492
Christopher ColumbusOn 1492, an Italian sea captain, Christopher Columbus convinced Spain to finance his plan to find a route to Asia by sailing West across the Atlantic Ocean. He reached the Carribean ,He discovered the West Indies & reached an island & called the native people Indians(Native Americans) . Even though he didn't think so , his voyage would forever change the world. He's one of the main reason's why we have America today, & why we celebrate Thanksgiving. Found on page 532 - World History Book *
Jan 1, 1497
Vasco De GamaVasco De Gama began exploring the East African Coast with & found many spices , rare silk, & gems. His cargo was worth 60 times the cost of the voyage. De Gama's voyage of 27,000 miles had given Portugal a direct sea route to India. Found on page 532 - World History Book *
Jan 1, 1514
Hernando de SotoWikipedia Article. De Soto was a spanish explorer & conquistador. He lead the first European expedition into the New World(America). He was also the first European documented to have crossed the Mississippi River. He wanted to come to the New World to find gold & treasures & a route to get to China.
Jan 1, 1519
Ferndinand MagelianHe wanted the king of Portugal to finance his journmey around the world,but because the king refused, he went & offered his services to Spain.
When he was in Asia,he picked up a boy & named him Enrique. When him and his crew arrived in the Phillipines, he noticed that Enrique understood the language. He then realized that Enrique was the first to person to travel around the world! He discovered that the pacific ocean was freezing & huge. also that Asia was very far away from South America.
Jan 1, 1540
Francisco Vasuez de CoronadoWikipedia Article. He was a spanish conquistidaor who set out to conquer the "Seven Cities Of Gold" but never did because it's a myth. He visited New Mexico & many parts of Southwest America. He also governed the city of Nueva Galacia.
The DutchThe Dutch began to challenge Portugal dominance over the Asian Region(The Indian Ocean Trade). After they declared thier independance again Spain, they became a leading power. They also owned the largeat fleet of ships in the world, at that time (20,000 vessels). With the creation of the Dutch East Indian company, which was so they could establish & direct trade, they drove out the English and established rule over the Asian region. Found on pg 534 found on page 534 - World History Textbook *
No Cultural Blending For AsiaEven though the Europeans tried to bring Western cultures & beliefs to Southwest Asia where most of thier trade posts were , the Asians payed no attention and were unaffected by European contact. Found on page 535 - World History Book *