Age of exploration to independence

Timeline created by MiaAdham
In History
  • Period:
    1,800 BCE
    to
    800

    The Maya

    Best known for their art, architecture, astronomy and calendar
  • Period:
    1,200 BCE
    to
    -600 BCE

    The Olmecs

    The earliest known Mesoamerican civilization
  • 1095

    Pope Urban calls for Crusades in the Holy Land

    Pope Urban calls for Crusades in the Holy Land
  • 1200

    Europe is a farming economy

    Europe is a farming economy
    Feudalism let people get their food by farming
  • Period:
    1200
    to
    1521

    Aztec

    Formed by an alliance of three different peoples
  • 1271

    Marco Polo travels to the East

    Marco Polo travels to the East
  • 1289

    Crusades end

    Crusades end
  • 1293

    Polos journey home

    Polos journey home
  • 1298

    Polo imprisoned and writes his book

    Polo imprisoned and writes his book
  • Period:
    1300
    to

    The Renaissance

  • Period:
    1400
    to
    1532

    Inca

    Wealthy and sophisticated empire in South America
  • 1415

    The Portuguese captured the Fortress of Ceuta

    The Portuguese captured the Fortress of Ceuta
  • 1419

    Portugal discovered Madeira Islands

    Portugal discovered Madeira Islands
  • 1427

    Portugal discovered Azores Islands

    Portugal discovered Azores Islands
  • 1434

    Prince Henry's ships made a successful return voyage

    Prince Henry's ships made a successful return voyage
  • 1440

    John Gutenburg invented the printing press

    John Gutenburg invented the printing press
  • 1469

    Marriage of Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabel of Castile

    Marriage of Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabel of Castile
  • 1488

    Barolomeau Dias made it around the tip of Africa, and reached the Eastern coast of Africa

    Barolomeau Dias made it around the tip of Africa, and reached the Eastern coast of Africa
  • Oct 12, 1492

    Muslims were expelled from Spain

    Muslims were expelled from Spain
  • 1519

    Cortes invades the Aztec

    Cortes invades the Aztec
    Hernan Cortes formed alliances to defeat the much larger Aztec Empire
  • 1529

    Pizarro invades the Inca

    Pizarro invades the Inca
    The Inca were weakened by civil war and disease when Pizarro attacked
  • 1532

    The Inca fall under Pizarro

    The Inca fall under Pizarro
    Pizarro traps and captures Inca Emperor Atahualpa
  • Thomas Hobbes writes The Leviathan

    Thomas Hobbes writes The Leviathan
    Writes that the king has absolute power to rule over people in exchange for peace and security
  • John Locke writes The Second Treatise on Government

    John Locke writes The Second Treatise on Government
    States that all men are created equal by God
  • The United States declares Independence

    The United States declares Independence
    The American colonists declared independence from the British and created a new country
  • France writes the Declaration of the Rights of Man

    France writes the Declaration of the Rights of Man
    The French wrote this document for human civil rights, which led to the French Revolution
  • Haiti gained independence

    Haiti gained independence
    Haitian independence proclaimed Two months after his defeat of Napoleon Bonaparte’s colonial forces, Jean-Jacques Dessalines proclaims the independence of Saint-Domingue, renaming it Haiti after its original Arawak name. In 1791, a slave revolt erupted on the French colony , and Toussaint-Louverture, a former slave, took control of the rebels.
  • Bolivar and his soldiers begin Venezuela’s fight for independence

    Bolivar and his soldiers begin Venezuela’s fight for independence
    The Venezuelan War of Independence (1810–1823) was one of the Spanish American wars of independence of the early nineteenth century, when independence movements in Latin America fought against rule by the Spanish Empire , emboldened by Spain's troubles in the Napoleonic Wars .
  • Bolivar’s Gran Columbia gains its independence

    Bolivar’s Gran Columbia gains its independence
    In 1819, December 17, the Republic of Colombia, known as Gran Colombia was proclaimed that Colombia, Venezuela, and Ecuador were included in it. At the same time, Colombia gained its independence from Spain and Simon Bolivar became the first president of Colombia.
  • Jose de San Martin frees Peru from Spain

    Jose de San Martin frees Peru from Spain
    José Francisco de San Martín (February 25, 1778–August 17, 1850) was an Argentine general and governor who led his nation during the wars of Independence from Spain. He is counted among the founding fathers of Argentina and also led the liberations of Chile and Peru.
  • Mexico gains independence

    Mexico gains independence
    A progressive priest named Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla became the father of Mexican independence with a historic proclamation urging his fellow Mexicans to take up arms against the Spanish government.