Age of Exploration to Independence

Timeline created by peter.liuzzi
In History
  • 1,800 BCE

    The start of the Maya

    The start of the Maya
    The start of the Maya who lived near Guatemala. They were very good builders.
  • 1,200 BCE

    The start of the Olmecs

    The start of the Olmecs
    The start of the earliest Mesoamerican civilization to develop an advanced civilization.
  • -600 BCE

    The end of the Olmecs

    The end of the Olmecs
    The end of the earliest mesoamerican civilization. They built great sculptures and influenced the other civilizations.
  • 800

    The end of the Maya

    The end of the Maya
    The end of the Maya civilization. They were the inventors of a very accurate calendar.
  • 1095

    Pope Urban calls for Crusades in the Holy Land

    Pope Urban calls for Crusades in the Holy Land
    Pope wanted to get Holy Land back from Muslims.
  • 1200

    Europe is a farming economy

    Europe is a farming economy
    feudalism helped people get their food by farming
  • 1200

    The start of the Aztec

    The start of the Aztec
    The start if the most powerful empire in mesoamerica.
  • 1271

    Marco Polo travels to the east

    Marco Polo travels to the east
    Marco Polo starts his long journey
  • 1289

    Crusades end

    Crusades end
    the long Crusade period ends
  • 1293

    Polos journey home

    Polos journey home
    The family comes home after 22 years
  • 1298

    Polo imprisoned and writes his book

    Polo imprisoned and writes his book
    Polo in prison writes a best-selling book
  • 1300

    Start of The Renaissance

    Start of The Renaissance
    The "rebirth" of Europe, with new innovators and a new interest in ideas.
  • 1400

    The start of the Inca

    The start of the Inca
    The start of the most dominant civilization in South America.
  • 1415

    Portuguese capture Fortress of Ceuta

    Portuguese capture Fortress of Ceuta
    African Fortress captured by Portugal and started Portugals dreams of exploration
  • 1419

    Portugal discover Madeira islands

    Portugal discover Madeira islands
    Funded by Prince Henry, the Portuguese discovered the Madeira Islands.
  • 1427

    Portugal discover Azores islands

    Portugal discover Azores islands
    The Portuguese discover the Azores islands in the middle of the North Atlantic Ocean.
  • 1434

    Portuguese make it to Cape Bojador

    Portuguese make it to Cape Bojador
    After many failures, Prince Henry's ships finally make it to Cape Bojador after learning from their mistakes.
  • 1440

    Johann Gutenberg invents Printing Press

    Johann Gutenberg invents Printing Press
    Gutenberg invents the printing press that affects all of Europe and makes printing 10 times easier
  • 1469

    King Ferdinand II and Queen Isabella get married

    King Ferdinand II and Queen Isabella get married
    King Ferdinand II of Aragon and Queen Isabella of Castile get married and bring together Catholic Spain
  • 1488

    Portuguese make it to the east coast of South Africa

    Portuguese make it to the east coast of South Africa
    After many tries, the Portuguese make it to the eastern coast of South Africa
  • Oct 12, 1492

    Christopher Columbus lands on island he named Hispanola

    Christopher Columbus lands on island he named Hispanola
    On his exploration to the west, Christopher Columbus made it to an island he called Hispanola.
  • 1519

    Cortes invades the Aztec

    Cortes invades the Aztec
    Cortes and the Spanish conquer the empire while gaining allies on their way there.
  • 1521

    The end of the Aztec

    The end of the Aztec
    The fall of the mighty Aztec. They were invaded by the Spanish and lost their land.
  • 1529

    Pizarro Invades the Inca

    Pizarro Invades the Inca
    Pizarro and the Spanish invaded the Inca while they were in a war, and conquered them.
  • 1532

    The end of the Inca

    The end of the Inca
    The end of the Incan civilization. The Spanish came during the war and conquered them.
  • 1532

    The Inca fall under Pizarro

    The Inca fall under Pizarro
    Pizarro conquered them and used tactics that helped him with it.
  • End of The Renaissance

    End of The Renaissance
    The 300 year period comes to an end and the scientific revolution starts.
  • Thomas Hobbes writes The Leviathan

    Thomas Hobbes writes The Leviathan
    Thomas Hobbes wrote his famous book, in which he states his beliefs about man and government.
  • John Locke writes The Second Treatise on Government

    John Locke writes The Second Treatise on Government
    John Locke wrote his book about his beliefs on man and government.
  • The United States declares Independence

    The United States declares Independence
    The united states write the declaration of independence, and their freedom from Europe.
  • France writes the Declaration of the Rights of Man

    France writes the Declaration of the Rights of Man
    France writes their declaration for the freedom and the rights of man from the motherland.
  • Haiti gains independence

    Haiti gains independence
    Lead by Toussaint L'Ouverture, Haiti gains independence from France.
  • Venezuela’s starts their fight for independence

    Venezuela’s starts their fight for independence
    Lead by Simon Bolivar, South America starts its revolution with war.
  • Gran Columbia gains its independence

    Gran Columbia gains its independence
    Created by Bolivar, Gran Columbia gains it's independence from Spain.
  • Peru gains freedom from Spain

    Peru gains freedom from Spain
    Lead by Jose de San Martin, the Peruvians got their independence from Spain.
  • Mexico gains independence

    Mexico gains independence
    Lead by Hidalgo's great army, the Mexicans finally get their independence and become a free country,