Al- Andalus

Timeline created by gemelas_06
In History
  • 711

    Battle of Guadalete.

    Battle of Guadalete.
    The battle of Guadalete is the name with which a battle is known that, according to traditionally admitted historiography, based on Arab chronicles of the 10th and 11th centuries, took place in the Iberian Peninsula between July 19 and 26, 711 ( although some sources point 712)
  • 713

    Muslim conquest of Toledo

    Muslim conquest of Toledo
    The Muslim and political conquest of Toledo is known as the political and military process that explains the formation and consolidation of al-Andalus, as well as the genesis of the main medieval peninsular Christian kingdoms.
  • 722

    Battle of Covadonga

    Battle of Covadonga
    The battle of Covadonga took place on May 28, 722 in Covadonga (Spain), a place near Cangas de Onís (Asturias), between the Christian army of Don Pelayo and Muslim troops.
  • 732

    Muslim defeat in the battle of Poitiers.

    Muslim defeat in the battle of Poitiers.
    The Arab army withdrew to the south, beyond the Pyrenees. Carlos earned his nickname Martel ('Hammer') in this battle. He would continue to expel Muslims from France in the following years and would defeat them again in battle near the river Berre and in Narbonne.
  • 756

    Abd al-Rahman I, becomes emir of Cordoba.

    Abd al-Rahman I, becomes emir of Cordoba.
    Abd al-Rahman I was a prince of the Umayyad dynasty who, in the year 756, after various vicissitudes, became the first independent emir of Cordoba, founding the Umawi dynasty there.
  • 929

    Abd al-rahman III proclaims himself caliph

    Abd al-rahman III proclaims himself caliph
    Abd al-Rahman III was the eighth and last independent emir and first Umayyad caliph of Cordoba.
  • 979

    Al-Mansur military expeditions.

    Al-Mansur military expeditions.
    Al-Mansur was an Andalusian military and politician, chancellor of the Caliphate of Cordoba and hayib or chamberlain of Caliph Hisham II.
  • 1085

    Conquest of Toledo by Alfonso VI.

    Conquest of Toledo by Alfonso VI.
    La conquista de Toledo a manos del reino de León fue un hecho que se produjo el 6 de mayo de 1085 bajo el gobierno de Alfonso VI, que desalojó de manera definitiva a las fuerzas musulmanas de Al-Qádir, emir de la Taifa de Toledo.
  • 1086

    Arrival of the Almoravids and battle of Zalaca.

    Arrival of the Almoravids and battle of Zalaca.
    The battle of Sagrajas or Zalaca was fought in Sagrajas, near Badajoz (Spain), on October 23, 1086, between the Christian troops of Alfonso VI de León and the Almoravids of Yúsuf ibn Tasufín, with the defeat of the first .
  • 1094

    First reconquest of Valencia by Cid.

    First reconquest of Valencia by Cid.
    El Cid Campeador conquers Valencia. On June 15, 1094 the Cid Campeador conquers the city of Valencia. It is a deed only available to this great hero, perhaps the greatest of our historical chronicle. ... From their second banishment the hosts of the Cid campaigned determined to find a seat in Levante.
  • 1147

    Arrival of the pillows.

    Arrival of the pillows.
    Between 1090-1046 the arrival of the Almorávides and Almohades takes place in the Iberian Peninsula. These are nomadic Berber groups from North Africa. ... The Almohads established a vigorous empire that extended from the center of Portugal, the southern half of the Iberian Peninsula reaching Tripoli (Libya).
  • 1238

    Foundation of the Nasrid Kingdom of Granada.

    Foundation of the Nasrid Kingdom of Granada.
    The Nasrid or Nasri dynasty (possible eponym for the name Nasr) was the last Muslim dynasty that dominated the Kingdom of Granada from 1238 until January 2, 1492. Its fall marked the end of al-Andalus. It was founded by Muhammad b.
  • 1492

    Conquest of Granada by the Catholic Monarchs.

    Conquest of Granada by the Catholic Monarchs.
    The war in Granada was the set of military campaigns, undertaken by Queen Elizabeth I of Castile and her husband King Ferdinand II of Aragon inside the Nasrid Kingdom of Granada.
  • Period:
    711
    to
    726

    Muslim conquest of the Iberian Peninsula

    The generals of the Umayyad Caliphate conquered a part of the Iberian Peninsula, although without any effective domain north of the Central System.
  • Period:
    711
    to
    756

    Emirate Dependent of Damascus.

    After the rapid Muslim conquest of the Iberian Peninsula, it was established as a dependent province of the Umayyad Caliphate. Its rulers set their capital in Cordoba and received the title of Valí or Emir from Damascus.
  • Period:
    756
    to
    929

    Emirate Independent of Baghdad

    The emirate of Baghdad was an independent emirate with capital in Cordoba that existed in the Iberian Peninsula and was ruled by the Umayyads.
  • Period:
    929
    to
    1031

    Caliphate of Córdoba.

    The Caliphate of Cordoba or Caliphate of the West was an Andalusian Muslim state with capital in Cordoba, proclaimed by Abderramán III in 929.
  • Period:
    1009
    to
    1031

    Kingdoms of Taifas.

    The taifas were small kingdoms in which the Caliphate of Cordoba was divided from the Cordovan Revolution that deposed Caliph Hisham II in 1009; although the caliphate did not disappear at that time.
  • Period:
    1040
    to
    1147

    Almorávides and Almohades.

    Between 1090-1046 the arrival of the Almorávides and Almohades takes place in the Iberian Peninsula. These are nomadic Berber groups from North Africa. Spanish Muslims invite them to settle on the peninsula to increase the number of soldiers in their armies and revitalize the practice of Islam.