Ancient Greece

Timeline created by orangesandlemons
In History
  • 1,527 BCE

    Philip II

    Philip II
    He was in King of Spain and the King of England when he married Mary Tudor. During his rule, he began the Golden Age, which was a period of cultural growth in music, visual arts, and literature.
  • 1,524 BCE

    Agamemnon

    Agamemnon
    He was king of Mycenae or Argos, which is thought to be the same area with different names. When his wife, Helen, was taken to Troy, he officially started the Trojan War by ordering the united Greek forced to attack Troy. This created the Trojan War. When he returned from the war, he was killed.
  • -901 BCE

    Rise of Tyrants

    Rise of Tyrants
    During the 10th and 9th centuries BCE, monarchy was the main form of government in Ancient Greece. But by 500 BCE many city-states rebelled against the tyrants which began the early form of democracy.
  • -776 BCE

    First Olympic Games

    First Olympic Games
    The games were originally created to honor the Greek God, Zeus. The first recorded Olympic Games were in Olympia in the city of Elis. The first Olympics was around 500 years old before it was first recorded.
  • -620 BCE

    Draco’s Code of Law

    Draco’s Code of Law
    A written law code by Draco due to the unjust interpretation of oral law by aristocrats in Athens. The people of Athens commissioned Draco to create a written law code and constitution.
  • -550 BCE

    Darius I

    Darius I
    He was the third of the Persian kings in the Achaemenid Empire. He ruled during it’s peak. To get to the thrown, he overthrew Bardiya, an Achaemenid monarch. Throughout his rein, he went through many rebellions .
  • -519 BCE

    Xerxes

    Xerxes
    Known as Xerxes the Great, and was king of Achaemenid Empire. He was assimilated by the royal bodyguard, Artabanus. But before his death, he ruled the empire at its territorial apex.
  • -508 BCE

    Democracy

    Democracy
    It is a form of government where the citizens area able to pick their governing legislation. The word was first found in Ancient Greek political and philosophical thought in the city-state of Athens.
  • -495 BCE

    Pericles

    Pericles
    He was an important and influential Greek statesman and orator and general of Athens during it’s golden age. Turned the Delian League into an Athenian Empire.
  • -492 BCE

    First Persian War

    First Persian War
    Darius, the son of Cyrus the Great, wants Greece so that he can have their support for the Ionian Revolt. So he invades Greece at Marathon.
  • -490 BCE

    Battle of Marathon

    Battle of Marathon
    The battle took place on the plain of Marathon, between the Athenians and the Persians. This battle was the end of the first attempt by King Darius of Persia to conquer Ancient Greece. It was part of the first Greco-Persian war.
  • -484 BCE

    Homer

    Homer
    He is a famous poet mainly known for “The Iliad” and “The Odyssey”. Although his works of writing are famous and have had a huge effect on Western culture, not much is known about him.
  • -480 BCE

    Second Persian War

    Second Persian War
    The Persian army had a three month march to travel from Hellespont to Therme. The Allied Congress began to defend the Vale of Tempe to block the Persian’s advance.
  • -480 BCE

    Battle of Thermopylae

    Battle of Thermopylae
    It was a battle fought between an alliance of Greek city-states and Sparta, during the second Persian invasion of Greece. It was a late response to the defeat of the first Persian invasion of Greece.
  • -470 BCE

    Socrates

    Socrates
    He is a Greek philosopher who is one of the founders of Western philosophy. He was also the first moral philosophers of Western ethical tradition of thought.
  • -432 BCE

    Parthenon Completed

    Parthenon Completed
    The Parthenon was designed by Ictinus and Callicrates in 447 BCE. It was a temple built for the Goddess of Wisdom, Athena, and originally meant to be an idol. It is considered to be one of ancient Greece’s greatest architecture accomplishments.
  • -431 BCE

    Peloponnesian War

    Peloponnesian War
    It was a war between the Delian League and Peloponnesian. The war shifted the power from Athens to Sparta, which made Sparta the most powerful city-state within the region.
  • -428 BCE

    Plato

    Plato
    He is thought to be the pivotal figure of Western philosophy. He was taught by Socrates and taught Aristotle. He has also been cited as one of the main founders of Western religion and spirituality.
  • -399 BCE

    Catapult

    Catapult
    A device to launch an object in great speeds through a long distances without the use of gunpowder. It uses stored potential energy to propel the projectile.
  • -387 BCE

    The Academy in Athens

    The Academy in Athens
    It was founded by Plato and was attended by Aristotle. The school was destroyed by Sulla, a Roman dictator.
  • -384 BCE

    Aristotle

    Aristotle
    He was a Greek philosopher and polymath during Ancient Greeks’s Classical Period. He was taught by Plato. Not much is known about his life.
  • -356 BCE

    Alexander the Great

    Alexander the Great
    He created an empire that defeated the Persian empire Capital, Alexandria. He spread Greek culture through the east as far as India.
  • -338 BCE

    Battle of Chaeronea

    Battle of Chaeronea
    A battle near the city of Chaeronea in Boeotia between the Macedonians and an alliance of some of the Greek city-states. The battle was a climax of Philip’s final campaign and it ended in a victory for the Macedonians.
  • -337 BCE

    League of Corinth

    League of Corinth
    During war, Macedonia and other Greek city-states would have a common peace and team up to defend on another. This league was created when Macedonia faced the threat of a Persian invasion.