British North America (1763-1783)

Timeline created by JFrostad
In History
  • The Ohio Valley

    The Ohio Valley
    Once the British took control over Canada, they began to settle the land. The English have gone far beyond the Ohio Valley since the Conquest. They have begun occupying all the French forts in the Great Lakes area. The land they decided to settle on belonged to the First Peoples which meant the British had become invaders.
  • Pontiac's Resistance

    Pontiac's Resistance
    Pontiac was a war chief of the Ottawa nation and called for total annihilation of the English. Native tribes decided to chase the British out of their forts and reclaim the land. In no time, all the British forts were surrounded and the siege went on for 5 weeks. During this time, in a panic, British generals began using disease as a weapon. Because of this, smallpox were introduced to the First Peoples. The resistance resulted in peace between the two but at a high cost.
  • The Royal Proclamation

    The Royal Proclamation
    After a devastating battle against the First Peoples, the British decided to recognize Canada as their land through the Royal Proclamation. It stated that the interior land of Canada belongs to the First Nations and will be protected by the king. The British soldiers and military officers were also given land grants to encourage them to settle in Quebec. It established that the ultimate authority in Canada would be in the hands of the governors appointed by the British monarch.
  • Governorship of James Murray

    Governorship of James Murray
    Although James Murray became governor in 1760, his biggest challenge was just beginning. That challenge would be governing the peace. The man in charge of the Catholics commands his followers to accept the King of Britain. James Murray and the priest become allies. English merchants have been moving into Canada which is a problem for James Murray. Thomas Walker is hated by everyone because him and other merchants want to control everything about the new regime. Economic problems arose.
  • Governorship of Guy Carleton

    Governorship of Guy Carleton
    After James Murray was booted out of office, Guy Carleton rose to power. He believed that Catholics should be able to hold office and that French civil law should be restored to the Canadians. He wants to do this because of the unrest growing in the American colonies. He went to London for 4 years to fight for his ideals.
  • The Quebec Act

    The Quebec Act
    The Quebec Act passed the House of Commons in the spring of 1774. It restored the interior land to Canada which the Americans were claiming. It guaranteed the Canadians their religion and restored French civil law. Catholic Canadians were also allowed to hold public office. The Americans were not happy because the dream of an American-English empire embracing the entire continent is blocked by this act.
  • Discontent in the 13 Colonies

    Discontent in the 13 Colonies
    After the Quebec Act was implemented, the Americans were very discontent with British rule in North America. They were unhappy because the Quebec Act destroyed their idea of an American-English empire in North America. In Boston, crates of tea are dumped into the ocean to protest new taxes. Britain shuts down the port, stops elections and passes more laws.
  • American War of Independance

    American War of Independance
    Open war with Britain began on April 19th, 1775 at Lexington which marked the start of the American War of Independence (American Revolutionary War). America sought to be free of British rule. The war ended on September 3, 1783. The last British troops departed New York City on November 25, 1783 which marked the end of British rule in the United States. Americans achieved their independence and became their own nation away from the British.
  • Treaty of Paris

    Treaty of Paris
    The Treaty of Paris was signed in Paris by King George III of Great Britain and representatives of the United States. It ended the American Revolutionary War. The treaty set the boundaries between the British Empire in North America and the United States of America. Americans gained their independence and their own country while Britain lost one of its colonies and part of its influence in North America.