Byzantine Empire

Timeline created by Akong97
In History
  • Period:
    306
    to
    337

    Constantine I's Reign

  • 313

    Edict of Milan

    Ended persecution of Christians
  • 324

    Start of Byzantine I

    When Constantine moved capital to Constantinople
  • 330

    Start of Byzantine II

    Constantinople consecrated by pagan and Christian priests
  • Period:
    347
    to
    395

    Theodosius I's Reign

  • 395

    Start of Byzantine III

    Official division of Roman Empire into western and eastern halves
  • Period:
    404
    to
    413

    Constantinople City Walls Enlarged

    Inner Wall, Outer Wall, Moat
  • Period:
    527
    to
    565

    Justinian I's Reign

    Ruled the Byzantine Empire at its peak, conquered the former Western Roman Empire, rebuilt Constantinople following a major and destructive rebellion, and codified law. Additionally, he built the Hagia Sophia. After his death, less competent rulers replaced him, sending the Byzantine Empire into a long period of decline.
  • Period:
    533
    to
    534

    Vandals in Africa Subdued

    Vandals subdued by Justinian (r 527-565)
  • Period:
    541
    to
    Jan 1, 750

    Bubonic Plague

    18 waves of the Bubonic Plague;
    20% of Constantinople's population lost in 4 months in the spring of 542
  • 544

    Extinction of Goths

    Goths defeated by Justinian (r 527-565)
  • Period:
    Jan 1, 610
    to
    Jan 1, 641

    Heraclius I's Reign

    Heraclius I seizes power of the Empire through a coup, reforming the government and allowing some level of decentralization.During this time period, the Persians, Avars, and Arabs conquered large portions of the empire. He defeated the Sassanian King.
  • Period:
    Jan 1, 613
    to
    Jan 1, 619

    Persians Capture Land

    Persians capture Syria, Egypt, and Palestine
  • Jan 1, 628

    Sassanian King Defeated

    Sassanian King defeated by Heraclius (r 610-641)
  • Jan 1, 678

    Constantinople Attacked

    Arabs unsuccessfully attack Constantinople
  • Period:
    Jan 1, 717
    to
    Jan 1, 718

    Constantinople Attacked

    Arabs unsuccessfully attack Constantinople
  • Jan 1, 726

    Volcano Erupts

    Eruption at Thera/Santorini;
    Regarded as an omen-- divine wrath?
  • Period:
    Jan 1, 741
    to
    Jan 1, 775

    Constantine V's Reign

  • Period:
    Jan 1, 780
    to
    Jan 1, 802

    Empress Irene's Reign

    Summoned the 7th (and last) council in Nicea
  • Period:
    Jan 1, 842
    to
    Jan 1, 853

    Empress Theodora's Reign

  • Period:
    Jan 1, 843
    to
    Jan 1, 1043

    Period of Revival

    Byzantine Empire began a period of revival;
    Marked a long phase of teritorial expansion, political and cultural radiance over its neighnors, and a flourishing of education and the arts
  • Period:
    Jan 1, 944
    to
    Jan 1, 959

    Contantine VII's Reign

  • Period:
    Jan 1, 976
    to
    Jan 1, 1025

    Basil II's Reign

  • Period:
    Jan 1, 1068
    to
    Jan 1, 1071

    Romanus IV Diogenes's Reign

    The Empire loses large portions of Asia Minor to the Seljuk Turks at the Battle of Manzikert in 1071 while the Normans take Bari, the last Byzantine holding ont the Italian Peninsula. These losses were compounded by the Battle of Myriocephalum between the Turks and the Byzantines, who lost half of their army as the result of poor discipline and communication.
  • Period:
    Jan 1, 1081
    to
    Jan 1, 1118

    Alexus I Comnenus's Reign

  • Period:
    Jan 1, 1202
    to
    Jan 1, 1204

    The Fourth Crusade

    Although intended to conquer the Muslim-controlled Holy Lands, the crusaders quickly turned on the Byzantines after they failed to make payments to the Venitians. Alexus IV attempted to reestablish his father Isaac II Angelus's rule in exchange for money.
  • Jan 1, 1204

    Capture of Constantinople

    French and Venetian Armies of the Fourth Crusade capture and loot Constantinople
  • Jan 1, 1261

    Recapture of Constantinople

  • Jan 1, 1347

    Black Death

  • Period:
    Jan 1, 1425
    to
    Jan 1, 1448

    John VIII's Reign

  • Period:
    Jan 1, 1438
    to
    Jan 1, 1439

    Council of Ferrara-Florence

  • May 29, 1453

    End of Byzantine Empire

    Ottoman sultan Mehmed II sacks the capital
  • Period: to

    Hadrian's Reign