1856 Presidential electionThe United States presidential election of 1856 was an unusually heated contest that led to the election
-James Buchanan : was the only president from Pennsylvania and the only president who remained a lifelong bachelor
-John C. Frémont : was an American military officer, explorer, and the first candidate of the anti-slavery Republican Party for the office of President of the United States
-Millard Fillmore :
was the 13th President of the United States (1850–1853) and the last member of the Whi
1856 The case of Dred CaseDred Scott Decision, was a ruling by the U.S. Supreme Court that people of African descent brought into the United States and held as slaves (or their descendants, whether or not they were slaves) were not protected by the Constitution and could never be U.S. citizens.[
The Opinion of the Court, written by Chief Justice Roger B. Taney, was, and remains, extremely controversial: legal scholars of diametrically opposed jurisprudence do not debate whether or not the decision was wrong, but r
Lincoln and Douglas debateThe debates were held at 7 sites throughout Illinois, one in each of the 7 Congressional Districts
- Douglas, a Democrat, was the incumbent Senator, having been elected in 1847. He had chaired the Senate Committee on Territories.
- Lincoln was a relative unknown at the beginning of the debates. In contrast to Douglas' Popular Sovereignty stance, Lincoln stated that the US could not survive as half-slave and half-free states. The Lincoln-Douglas debates drew the attention of the entire nation.
1859 John BrownJust after sundown on the evening of Sunday October 16, 1859 John Brown led a group of 21 men (16 white and 5 black) across the Potomac River from Maryland to Virginia. Their immediate objective was the capture of the cache of weapons stored at the U.S. Arsenal at Harpers Ferry
1860 Presidential Election-The United States presidential election of 1860 was a quadrennial election, held on November 6, 1860, for the office of President of the United States and the immediate impetus for the outbreak of the American Civil War
-In the face of a divided and dispirited opposition, the Republican Party, dominant in the North, secured enough Abraham electoral votes to put Lincoln in the White House with very little support from the South
-Seven Southern states, led by South Carolina, responded with declar
Southern state secede
December 20 1860 South Carolina Seceded From The UnionThe First To Act" December 20, 1860
Southerners toward making good their threat to remove themselves from the United States if he were elected. On November 10, 1860, four days after the election, the legislature in South Carolina, the undisputed leading agitator for secession and the home of John C. Calhoun, became the first of the Southern congresses to call for a convention to consider secession.
Meeting in Charleston on December 20, that convention passed unanimously the first ordinance of s
1861 Confederate States of America
February 1861 Crittenden Plan-In Congress, efforts were made in both the House of Representatives and the Senate to reach compromise over the issues relating to slavery that were dividing the nation
- The Washington Peace Conference of 1861 was the final effort by the individual states to resolve the crisis
- the Union focused on the eight slaveholding states representing the Upper and Border South, with the states of Virginia and Kentucky playing key roles
Jefferson Davis President of the ConfederacyWas an American statesman and leader of the Confederacy during the American Civil War, serving as President for its entire history
Davis was born in Kentucky to Samuel and Jane (Cook) Davis. After attending Transylvania University, Davis graduated from West Point and fought in the Mexican–American War as a colonel of a volunteer regiment.
- . He served as the United States Secretary of War under Democratic President Franklin Pierce. Both before and after his time in the Pierce administration, he