Classical Era

Timeline created by makaria1013
In Music
  • Opera invented

  • comic operas appear in Italy

  • Treatise on Harmony

    The beginning of the ideas of modern music theory by Rameau
  • C.P.E. Bach’s keyboard treatise

    Essay on the True Art of Playing Keyboard stated that music’s main aims were to touch the heart and move the affections
  • “The New-England Psalm-Singer"

    William Billings' first publication
  • The Present State of Music in France and Italy

    Charles Burney
  • The Present State of Music in Germany, the Netherlands, and the United Provinces

    Charles Burney
  • A General History of Music

    Four volume written by Charles Burney
  • Patent pianoforte

    First patent of the pianoforte in London.
  • Le nozze di Figaro

    One of Mazart's very famous opera buffa, and his first mature opera
  • Don Giovanni

    One of Mozart's very famous opera buffa. Considered the greatest opera ever written
  • Die Schöpfung "The Creation"

    One of Haydn's two important oratorios composed late in his life.
  • Cosi Fan Tutte

    One of Mozart's very famous opera buffa
  • Die Zauberflöte (The Magic Flute)

    a Mozart piece in which he composed an aria and leading role for his wife Aloysia Weber
  • Die Jahreszeiten "The Seasons"

    One of Haydn's two important oratorios composed late in his life.
  • Period: to

    Bartolomeo Cristofori

    invented the first pianoforte in Florence in 1700.
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    Couperin

    French composer who wrote in Rococo style
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    Rameau

    Tried to establish a rational foundation for harmonic practice.
    French composer and theorist.
    “Treatise on Harmony”
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    Metastasio

    Court poet in Vienna.
    Most important author of librettos in the 18th century
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    Sammartini

    Italian composer and innovator of the symphony in Milan
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    Farinelli

    One of the most famous castrati of the 18th century. Trained by Porpora
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    Franz Xaver Richter

    Inventor of the string quartet
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    Holzbauer

    Important composer that Mozart met
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    Frederick the Great

    Military victories
    Reorganization of Prussian armies
    Patronage of Prussian Arts
    A gifted musician: played flute.
    Composed at least 100 sonatas and 4 symphonies
    Spoke German, French, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, English, Latin, ancient and modern Greek, and Hebrew
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    Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach

    Oldest Child of J. S. Bach. Primary composer of the style Empfindsamkeit, which was desired to be simple and expressive of natural feeling, reaction against the strict and learned style of counterpoint. Keyboard Treatise. Worked for Frederick the Great (Frederick II)
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    Gluck

    lyric dramatic opera - brought about operatic reform in Italian opera seria
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    Jommelli

    Famous Italian composer
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    Eszterhazy

    Haydn's patron and employer until 1790
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    Stamitz

    symphonic innovator in Mannheim, helped establish the symphonic genre
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    Leopold Mozart

    Violinist, composer who toured Europe.
    Father of W, A, and Maria Anna Mozart
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    Charles Burney

    Organist, amature composer, writer, and music scholar
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    Anfossi

    famous opera composer from Naples
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    Piccinni

    The founder of opera buffa
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    Rococo style

    Style using lots of ornamentation.
    Scrolls were often featured
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    Cannabich

    Famous composer that Mozart met
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    Haydn

    Credited as the primary mover in instrumental music in the new classical style and a primary Austrian composer
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    Haydn

    One of the most original and inventive composers.
    Career began working for the Esterházy family who supported him after he became homeless.
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    Johann Schobert

    One of the people who influenced W. A. Mozart musically.
    Simulated orchestra effects in harpsichord music.
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    J. C. Bach

    Bach’s style used beautiful melodies and bits of chromaticism; he wrote Italian operas, church music, and orchestral works.
    Bach used contrasting themes in concertos and sonata-form movements.
    Influenced Mozart's style after they met in London.
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    Giovanni Paisiello

    Was a very good Italian composer and wrote 94 operas
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    Paisiello

    wrote 91 operas and was an important teacher
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    Boccherini

    prolific Italian composer and cellist
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    Billings

    One of our first American composers
    A tanner
    Taught himself to write music
    His first publication was “The New-England Psalm-Singer”
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    Lorenzo da Ponte

    Librettist who worked with Mozart
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    Cimarosa

    famous Italian opera composer
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    Wolfgang von Goethe

    German literary force behind romanticism
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    Antonio Salieri

    One of the successful court composers in Vienna; very popular and talented
    Wrote many operas in Italian, German, and French
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    Salieri

    famous opera composer. Gluck's student
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    Maria Anna Mozart

    W. A. Mozart's sister. Also a child prodigy
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    Clementi

    English composer of Italian birth, manufactured keyboards
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    Vicente Martín y Soler

    Spanish composer whose Italian opera, L’arbore di Diana (“Diana’s Tree”) was the most frequently performed opera in the Viennese court during Mozart’s lifetime
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    Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

    A child prodigy from a musician family.
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    Industrial Revolution

    Made mass productions possible
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    Süssmayr

    The person Mozart tasked with finishing his requiem if he could not himself before he died
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    Sonata form

    Most widely used form during this time span. Mozart was known to use it.
    First movements of Classical Era symphonies were almost always in sonata form
  • Period: to

    The American Revolution

    Profoundly change political systems and social order.
  • Period: to

    The French Revolution

    Profoundly changed political systems and social order
  • Period: to

    Mason

    supplied anthems for American churches