Educational Technology

Timeline created by mervekeremer
In History
  • 1,200 BCE

    Slate boards

    Slate boards
    Slate boards were in use in India in the 12th century AD, and blackboards/chalkboards became used in schools around the turn of the 18th century.
  • -700 BCE


    The role of text or writing in education also has a long history. According to the Bible, Moses used chiseled stone to convey the ten commandments in a form of writing, probably around the 7th century BC.
  • -500 BCE

    Written documents

    Written documents
    By the fifth century B.C, written documents existed in considerable numbers in ancient Greece.
  • -100 BCE

    Oral Communication

    Oral Communication
    In ancient times, stories, folklore, histories and news were transmitted and maintained through oral communication, making accurate memorization a critical skill, and the oral tradition is still the case in many aboriginal cultures.
  • 1500

    Printing Press

    Printing Press
    The invention of the printing press in Europe in the 15th century was a truly disruptive technology, making written knowledge much more freely available, very much in the same way as the Internet has done today.
  • Formal Correspondence Education

    Formal Correspondence Education
    Improvements in transport infrastructure in the 19th century, and in particular the creation of a cheap and reliable postal system in the 1840s, led to the development of the first formal correspondence education, with the University of London offering an external degree program by correspondence from 1858. This first formal distance degree program still exists today in the form of the University of London International Program.
  • Broadcasting Educational Radio Programs

    Broadcasting Educational Radio Programs
    The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) began broadcasting educational radio programs for schools in the 1920s.
  • Televison used in education

    Televison used in education
    Television was first used in education in the 1960s, for schools and for general adult education (one of the six purposes in the current BBC’s Royal Charter is still ‘promoting education and learning’).
  • Telephone

    Although the telephone dates from the late 1870s, the standard telephone system never became a major educational tool, not even in distance education, because of the high cost of analogue telephone calls for multiple users, although audio-conferencing has been used to supplement other media since the 1970s.
  • Video-conferencing

    Video-conferencing using dedicated cable systems and dedicated conferencing rooms have been in use since the 1980s.
  • Textual Communication

    With the development of web-based learning management systems in the mid-1990s, textual communication, although digitized, became, at least for a brief time, the main communication medium for Internet-based learning, although lecture capture is now changing that.
  • Internet

    In 1995, the Web enabled the development of the first learning management systems (LMSs), such as WebCT (which later became Blackboard). LMSs provide an online teaching environment, where content can be loaded and organized, as well as providing ‘spaces’ for learning objectives, student activities, assignment questions, and discussion forums.
  • Web Technology

    Web Technology
    By 2008, George Siemens, Stephen Downes and Dave Cormier in Canada were using web technology to create the first ‘connectivist’ Massive Open Online Course (MOOC), a community of practice that linked webinar presentations and/or blog posts by experts to participants’ blogs and tweets, with just over 2,000 enrollments.
  • Social Media

    Social Media
    Social media are really a sub-category of computer technology, but their development deserves a section of its own in the history of educational technology. Social media cover a wide range of different technologies, including blogs, wikis, You Tube videos, mobile devices such as phones and tablets, Twitter, Skype and Facebook. Andreas Kaplan and Michael Haenlein (2010) define social media as