EVOLUTION OF MEDIA

Timeline created by GROUP5_Zeus
In History
  • 35,000 BCE

    CAVE PAINTINGS

    CAVE PAINTINGS
    Cave paintings are also known as "parietal art".They are painted drawings on cave walls or ceilings, mainly of prehistoric origin, dated to some 40,000 years ago (around 38,000 BCE) in Eurasia. Evidence suggests that they were not merely decorations of living areas since the caves in which they have been found do not have signs of ongoing habitation.
  • Period:
    35,000 BCE
    to
    500

    Pre-Industrial Age

    is a time before there were machines and tools to help perform tasks, or a place that has not yet become industrialized. A time before machines were invented and used in factories is an example of pre-industrial.
  • 2,500 BCE

    PAPYRUS IN EGYPT

    PAPYRUS IN EGYPT
    A material similar to thick paper that was used in ancient times as writing surface. It was made from the pith of the papyrus plant, Cyperus papyrus, a wetland sedge. Papyrus can also refer to a document written on sheets of such material, joined together side by side and rolled up into a scroll, an early form of a book.
  • 2,400 BCE

    CLAY TABLETS

    CLAY TABLETS
    Cuneiform characters were imprinted on a wet clay tablet with a stylus often made of reed (reed pen).
  • 130

    ACTA DIUMA

    ACTA DIUMA
    The Roman official notices, a sort of daily gazette. They were carved on stone or metal and presented in message boards in public places like the Forum of Rome. They were also called simply Acta.
  • 200

    DIBAO IN CHINA

    DIBAO IN CHINA
    Ancient Chinese gazette were a type of publications issued by central and local governments in imperial China. While closest in form and function to gazettes in the Western world, they have also been called "palace reports" or "imperial bulletins".
  • 220

    PRINTING PRESS USING WOODBLOCKS

    PRINTING PRESS USING WOODBLOCKS
    A technique for printing text, images or patterns used widely throughout East Asia and originating in China in antiquity as a method of printing on textiles and later paper. As a method of printing on cloth, the earliest surviving examples from China date to before 220 AD.
  • 500

    CODEX IN MAYAN REGION

    CODEX IN MAYAN REGION
    These are folding books written by the Pre-Columbian Maya civilization in Maya hieroglyphic script on Mesoamerican bark cloth. The folding books are the products of professional scribes working under the patronage of deities such as the Tonsured Maize God and the Howler Monkey Gods
  • NEWSPAPER: THE LONDON GAZETTE

    NEWSPAPER: THE LONDON GAZETTE
    The London Gazette is one of the official journals of record of the British government, and the most important among such official journals in the United Kingdom, in which certain statutory notices are required to be published. The London Gazette claims to be the oldest surviving English newspaper and the oldest continuously published newspaper in the UK.
  • Period: to

    Industrial Age

    is a period of history that encompasses the changes in economic and social organization that began around 1760 in Great Britain and later in other countries. Characterized chiefly by the replacement of hand tools with power-driven machines such as the power loom and the steam engine, and by the concentration of industry in large establishments.
  • TYPEWRITER

    TYPEWRITER
    A mechanical or electromechanical machine for writing characters similar to those produced by printer's movable type. A typewriter operates by means of keys that strike a ribbon to transmit ink or carbon impressions onto paper. Typically, a single character is printed on each key press.
  • TELEPHONE

    TELEPHONE
    A telecommunications device that permits two or more users to conduct a conversation when they are too far apart to be heard directly. The Telephone was the invention of a captain John Taylor
  • MOTION PICTURES PHOTOGRAPHY

    MOTION PICTURES PHOTOGRAPHY
    A series of still images that when shown on a screen create an illusion of motion images.
  • PRINTING PRESS FOR PRODUCTION

    PRINTING PRESS FOR PRODUCTION
    A device for applying pressure to an inked surface resting upon a print medium (such as paper or cloth), thereby transferring the ink. This was a dramatic improvement on earlier printing methods in which the cloth, paper or other medium was brushed or rubbed repeatedly to achieve the transfer of ink, and accelerated the process.
  • COMMERCIAL MOTION PICTURES

    COMMERCIAL MOTION PICTURES
    A particularly fruitful year for film as an art form, and is often cited one of the years in the decade which contributed to the medium the most, along with 1917.
  • MOTION PICTURES WITH SOUNDS

    MOTION PICTURES WITH SOUNDS
    The development of electronic sound recording technologies made it practical to incorporate a soundtrack of speech, music and sound effects synchronized with the action on the screen. The resulting sound films were initially distinguished from the usual silent "moving pictures" or "movies" by calling them "talking pictures" or "talkies."
  • TELEVISION

    TELEVISION
    A telecommunication medium used for transmitting moving images in monochrome (black and white), or in colour, and in two or three dimensions and sound.
  • Period: to

    Electronic Age

    The genie was out of the bottle. True computing power was starting to reach the masses. This is the shift from mechanical and analogue electronic technology to digital electronics.
  • LARGE ELECTRONIC COMPUTER

    LARGE ELECTRONIC COMPUTER
    Colossus was the world's first electronic digital programmable computer. It used a large number of valves (vacuum tubes). It had paper-tape input and was capable of being configured to perform a variety of boolean logical operations on its data, but it was not Turing-complete. Particularly used during the World War II
  • MAIN FRAME COMPUTERS IBM704

    MAIN FRAME COMPUTERS IBM704
    Computers used primarily by large organizations for critical applications, bulk data processing, such as census, industry and consumer statistics, enterprise resource planning, and transaction processing.
  • HEWLETT PACKARD 9100A (1968)

    HEWLETT PACKARD 9100A (1968)
    an early computer (or programmable calculator), first appearing in 1968. HP called it a desktop calculator because, as Bill Hewlett said, "If we had called it a computer, it would have been rejected by our customers' computer gurus because it didn't look like an IBM. We therefore decided to call it a calculator, and all such nonsense disappeared."
  • APPLE

    APPLE
    A computer single-handedly designed and first shown to the public at the Homebrew Computer Club. Apple I was sold as a motherboard (with CPU, RAM, and basic textual-video chips), which was less than what is now considered a complete personal computer.
  • WEB BROWSER MOSAIC

    WEB BROWSER MOSAIC
    NCSA Mosaic, or simply Mosaic, is the web browser that popularized the World Wide Web and the Internet. Mosaic was also the first browser to display images inline with text instead of displaying images in a separate window.
  • Period: to

    Information Age

    The Internet paved the way for faster communication and the creation of the social network. Moreover, voice, image, sound and data are digitalized. We are now living in the information age. This phenomenon creates a knowledge-based society surrounded by a high-tech global economy that spans over its influence on how the manufacturing throughout and the service sector operate in an efficient and convenient way.
  • INTERNET EXPLORER

    INTERNET EXPLORER
    Internet Explorer was one of the most widely used web browsers, attaining a peak of about 95% usage share during 2002 and 2003. This came after Microsoft used bundling to win the first browser war against Netscape, which was the dominant browser in the 1990s. Its usage share has since declined with the launch of Firefox (2004) and Google Chrome (2008)
  • YAHOO

    YAHOO
    A web services provider, wholly owned by Verizon Communications through Oath Inc. and headquartered in Sunnyvale, California. It was globally known for its Web portal, search engine Yahoo! Search, and related services, including Yahoo! Directory, Yahoo! Mail, Yahoo! News, Yahoo! Finance, Yahoo! Groups, Yahoo! Answers, advertising, online mapping, video sharing, fantasy sports, and its social media website.
  • GOOGLE

    GOOGLE
    Google began in 1996 as a research project by Larry Page and Sergey Brin, both PhD. students at Stanford University. In the search of a dissertation theme, Page had been considering—among other things—exploring the mathematical properties of the World Wide Web, understanding its link structure as a huge graph.
  • BLOG: BLOGPOST

    BLOG: BLOGPOST
    Blogger is a blog-publishing service that allows multi-user blogs with time-stamped entries. It was developed by Pyra Labs, which was bought by Google in 2003. Generally, the blogs are hosted by Google at a subdomain of blogspot.com.
  • FRIENDSTER

    FRIENDSTER
    Friendster was founded by Canadian computer programmer Jonathan Abrams Originally a social networking service website and the service allowed users to contact other members, maintain those contacts, and share online content and media with those contacts. The top 5 countries accessing Friendster were the Philippines, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, and Thailand It is considered one of the original and even the "grandfather" of social networks.
  • FACEBOOK

    FACEBOOK
    The Facebook website was launched on February 4, 2004, by Mark Zuckerberg, along with fellow Harvard College students and roommates. Facebook may be accessed by a large range of desktops, laptops, tablet computers, and smartphones over the Internet and mobile networks.
    Users can add other users as "friends", exchange messages, post status updates and digital photos, share digital videos and links, use apps and receive notifications when others update their profiles or make posts.
  • YOUTUBE

    YOUTUBE
    YouTube allows users to upload, view, rate, share, add to favourites, report, comment on videos, and subscribe to other users. It offers a wide variety of user-generated and corporate media videos. Available content includes video clips, TV show clips, music videos, short and documentary films, audio recordings, movie trailers, live streams, and other content such as video blogging, short original videos, and educational videos.
  • MICROBLOG: Twitter

    MICROBLOG: Twitter
    An online news and social networking service where users post and interact with messages, called "tweets." These messages were originally restricted to 140 characters, but the limit was doubled to 280 characters for all languages except Japanese, Korean and Chinese
  • TUMBLR

    TUMBLR
    A microblogging and social networking website founded by David Karp in 2007, and owned by Oath Inc. The service allows users to post multimedia and other content to a short-form blog.