Exploration to Independence

Timeline created by JonathanSweetland
In History
  • Period:
    1,800 BCE
    to
    600

    The Maya

    Made the first calendar.
  • Period:
    1,200 BCE
    to
    -600 BCE

    The Olmecs

    The Olmec were the first Meso-American civilization. They influenced many civilizations after them.
  • 1095

    Pope Urban calls for Crusades in the Holy Land

    Pope Urban calls for Crusades in the Holy Land
  • 1200

    Europe is a farming economy

    Europe is a farming economy
    They grew their own food (feudalism)
  • Period:
    1200
    to
    1521

    The Aztec

    Created chinampas that were rafts that had crops growing on it.
  • 1271

    Marco Polo travels to the East

    Marco Polo travels to the East
    Marco Polo discovers Asia and their new things to trade.
  • 1289

    Crusades end

  • 1293

    Polos journey home

  • 1298

    Polo imprisoned and writes his book

    Polo imprisoned and writes his book
    His book inspires new explorations.
  • Period:
    1300
    to

    The Renaissance

    Created many new ideas and inventions.
  • Period:
    1400
    to
    1532

    The Inca

    The largest Meso-American civilization.
  • 1415

    The portuguese captured the fortress of Cueta in Africa

    The portuguese captured the fortress of Cueta in Africa
    This was the beginning of their dream to control the global market of gold.
  • 1419

    Portugal discovers the Maderia islands

    Portugal discovers the Maderia islands
  • 1427

    Portugal discovers the Azores islands

    Portugal discovers the Azores islands
  • 1434

    Prince Henry's voyage around Cape Bajador succeeds

    Prince Henry's voyage around Cape Bajador succeeds
    His voyage failed 15 times before succeeding
  • 1440

    Johan Gutenberg creates the printing press

    Johan Gutenberg creates the printing press
    The most important invention from the Renaissance
  • 1469

    The marrige of Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabella of Castelle.

    The marrige of Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabella of Castelle.
    This unified Catholic Spain.
  • 1488

    Dias explores all the way down to the tip of the Africa

    Dias explores all the way down to the tip of the Africa
  • Oct 12, 1492

    Christopher Columbus makes landfall on an island called Hispañola.

    Christopher Columbus makes landfall on an island called Hispañola.
    He discovered the "New World" (the Americas)
  • 1519

    Cortes invades the Aztec

    Cortes invades the Aztec
    Cortes invades Aztecs with 11 ships, 600 soldiers, 32 crossbows, 16 crossbows, 13 muskets, and 14 cannons.
  • 1529

    Pizarro Invades the Inca

    Pizarro Invades the Inca
    Pizzaro had 110 soldiers, 67 calvaries, 2 cannons, and 3 long firearms.
  • 1532

    The Inca fall under Pizarro

    The Inca fall due to disease, the Spanish, and the civil war.
  • Thomas Hobbes writes The Leviathan

    Thomas Hobbes writes The Leviathan
    A book that influenced others during the enlightenment period.
  • John Locke writes The Second Treatise on Government

    John Locke writes The Second Treatise on Government
    This book influenced others during the enlightenment period
  • The United States declares Independence

    The United States declares Independence
    This freed the Americans from Britain and allowed them to become one o the most powerful countries in the world.
  • France writes the Declaration of the Rights of Man

    France writes the Declaration of the Rights of Man
    Gave rights to all men in France.
  • Haiti gains independence

    Haiti gains independence
    Haiti is free of French rule.
  • Bolivar and his soldiers begin Venezuela’s fight for independence

    Bolivar and his soldiers begin Venezuela’s fight for independence
  • Bolivar’s Gran Columbia gains its independence

    Bolivar’s Gran Columbia gains its independence
    Bolivar brings Bolivia, Venezuela, and Ecuador together as one.
  • Jose de San Martin frees Peru from Spain

    Jose de San Martin frees Peru from Spain
    Martin also frees Argentina and Chile, and Peru joins Gran Columbia.
  • Mexico gains independence

    Mexico gains independence
    Hidalgo starts revolution in Mexico and they gain independence in 11 years.