exploration to independece

Timeline created by andre.fadulu
  • 1095

    Pope Urban Calls for Crusades in the Holy Lands

    Pope Urban Calls for Crusades in the Holy Lands
    In Medieval Europe the Catholic church had the most power and decided they wanted to take over the Holy lands, this was the beginning led by the Crusades.
  • 1200

    Europe is a Farming Economy

    Europe is a Farming Economy
    Before the Crusades, Europe had a feudalist system. Most of the people were peasants who worked and lived on Manors owned by nobles. In 1200 CE it changed to a trading economy because of the Crusades.
  • 1271

    Marco Polo Travels to the East

    Marco Polo Travels to the East
    When Marco Polo was 17 year old, he joined his father and uncle on a journey to the East.
  • 1289

    Crusades End

    Crusades End
    Although they lasted over 200 years, during the Crusades, Europe wasn't able to take over the Holy Lands
  • 1293

    Polos Journey Home

    Polos Journey Home
    Marco Polo started his journey back to Venice by ship in 1293 and had a crew of several hundred passengers.. He brought with him ivory, jade, jewels, porcelain and silk. The journey home lasted 2 years and only 18 survived this journey.
  • 1298

    Polo Imprisoned and Writes His Book

    Polo Imprisoned and Writes His Book
    While Marco Polo was in prison in Asia, a prison mate from Pisa inspired him to write a book about his travels. He named the book "The Description of the World": or "The Travels of Marco Polo" was one of the most popular books in his time.
  • Period:
    1300
    to

    The Renaissance

    Renaissance mean Re–birth. This was a time of renewed interest in Greek and Roman was of thinking, which led to Europeans increased study of arts, sciences, mathematics, writings, and technology.
  • 1415

    The Portuguese Capture the Fortress of Ceuta in Africa

    The Portuguese Capture the Fortress of Ceuta in Africa
    Capturing this fortress was the start of their wish to control the global gold market. Here they set up trading posts and collected gold and silver.
  • 1419

    Portugal Discovers Madeira Islands

    Portugal Discovers Madeira Islands
    Prince Henry's funding for scientists from all over Europe led to the discovery of the Madeira Islands.
  • 1427

    Portugal Discovers Azores Islands

    Portugal Discovers Azores Islands
    Prince Henry's funding for scientists from all over Europe led to the discovery of the Azores Islands.
  • 1434

    Portugal Passes Cape Bojador

    Portugal Passes Cape Bojador
    After fifteen failed voyages, Portugal finally ventured pass Cape Bojador on the northern coast of the Sahara.
  • 1440

    The Printing Press

    The Printing Press
    The Printing Press was one of the major inventions of this time. It was inspired from the Chinese Stamping Block and made it much faster to make books. Before the printing press, books were handwritten and expensive, now they could be mass produced and they were more affordable.
  • 1469

    Marriage of King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella: Unified Catholic Spain to Compete for Global Power.

    Marriage of King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella: Unified Catholic Spain to Compete for Global Power.
    The Marriage of King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella unifies Catholic Spain. Now they can compete for global power and against Islamic rule.
  • 1488

    Bartolomeu Dias Reaches the East Coast of South Africa

    Bartolomeu Dias Reaches the East Coast of South Africa
    Bartolomueu Dias makes it around the tip of South Africa and onto the East coast, farther than any one before him. He named this cape the "Cape of Storms".
  • Oct 12, 1492

    Columbus Reaches the Island of Hispaniola

    Columbus Reaches the Island of Hispaniola
    Columbus makes it to the island of Hispaniola. Thinking he landed in India, the natives were called "Indios" by him. When he returned to Spain he was awarded for.