exploration to independence

Timeline created by Finley.ryman
In History
  • Period:
    1,800 BCE
    to
    800

    The Maya

    The Maya civilization was a Mesoamerican civilization developed by the Maya peoples, and noted for its logosyllabic script—the most sophisticated and highly developed writing system in pre-Columbian Americas—as well as for its art, architecture, mathematics, calendar, and astronomical system.
  • Period:
    1,200 BCE
    to
    -600 BCE

    The Olmec

    The main economic activity of the Olmecs was agriculture. They had large crops of corn, sweet potatoes, avocado, beans, auyama, and yams. These Olmec inhabited southern Mexico, and are regarded as the Mother Culture of the Americas
  • 1095

    Pope Urban calls for Crusades in the Holy Land

    Pope Urban calls for Crusades in the Holy Land
    The people sent knights to the Holy land. crusades lasted 200 years. unable to liberate the Holy land from Muslim control.
  • 1200

    Europe is a farming economy

    Europe is a farming economy
    Farmed their own food.
  • Period:
    1200
    to
    1521

    The Aztec

    The Aztecs were a Mesoamerican culture that flourished in central Mexico in the post-classic period from 1300 to 1521. The Aztec peoples included different ethnic groups of central Mexico, particularly those groups who spoke the Nahuatl language and who dominated large parts of Mesoamerica from the 14th to the 16th centuries.
  • 1271

    Marco Polo travels to the East

    Marco Polo travels to the East
    left for adventure. many people died on the trip.
  • 1289

    Crusades end

    Crusades end
    it finally ended after 200 years.
  • 1293

    Polos journey home

    Polos journey home
    started to come home and learned new things.
  • 1298

    Polo imprisoned and writes his book

    Polo imprisoned and writes his book
    writes a book that became really popular and inspires lots of people.
  • Period:
    1300
    to

    Renaissance

    new inventions and Europe renaissance. ideas from Greece and Rome.
  • Period:
    1400
    to
    1532

    The Inca empire

    It was the largest empire in pre-Columbian America. The administrative, political, and military center of the empire was located in the city of Cusco. The Inca civilization arose from the Peruvian highlands sometime in the early 13th century. Its last stronghold was conquered by the Spanish in 1572.
  • 1415

    captured fortress

    captured fortress
    Portuguese captures the fortress of Ceuta of Africa
  • 1419

    maderia islands founded

    maderia islands founded
    Portugal discovery
  • 1427

    Azores islands

    Azores islands
    prince henry funded work which led to the Azores islands.
  • 1434

    succesful return

    succesful return
    had failed 15 times finally returned.
  • 1440

    Printing press

    Printing press
    Johan Gutenberg invented the printing press.
  • 1469

    marriage

    marriage
    marriage and worked on building a nation.
  • 1488

    Eastern coast of south Africa

    Eastern coast of south Africa
    he went farther than any other explorer and found south Africa tip.
  • 1492

    Hispaniola

    Hispaniola
    landfall on Hispaniola.
  • 1519

    Cortes invades Aztec

    Cortes invades Aztec
    Hernan Cortes came to conquer.
  • 1529

    Pizarro invades the Inca

    Pizarro invades the Inca
    Pizarro invades the Inca with war.
  • 1532

    Inca fall under Pizarro

    Inca fall under Pizarro
    Pizarro conquered the Incas and the Incas are destroyed.
  • Thomas Hobbes writes The Leviathan

    Thomas Hobbes writes The Leviathan
    Thomas Hobbes wrote "Leviathan," first published in 1651, after a decade in which England fought two civil wars, inspiring Hobbes to explore the role and shape of a sovereign state.
  • John Locke writes The Second Treatise on Government

    John Locke writes The Second Treatise on Government
    Naturalist and political philosopher John Locke was present to witness these events and was so compelled by them, he wrote what is known as the Second Treatise on Government.
  • The United States declares Independence

    The United States declares Independence
    The Declaration explained why the Thirteen Colonies at war with the Kingdom of Great Britain regarded themselves as thirteen independent sovereign states, no longer under British rule. With the Declaration, these new states took a collective first step toward forming the United States of America.
  • France writes the Declaration of the Rights of Man

    France writes the Declaration of the Rights of Man
    National Assembly adopted the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen.
  • Haiti gains independence

    Haiti gains independence
    proclaimed Two months after his defeat of Napoleon Bonaparte’s colonial forces, Jean-Jacques Dessalines proclaims the independence of Saint-Domingue, renaming it Haiti after its original Arawak name.
  • Bolivar and his soldiers begin Venezuela’s fight for independence

    Bolivar and his soldiers begin Venezuela’s fight for independence
    In early 1819, Bolívar was cornered in western Venezuela with his army. He was not powerful enough to knock out the Spanish armies, but they were not strong enough to defeat him, either. He made a daring move: he crossed the frosty Andes with his army, losing half of it in the process, and arrived in New Granada (Colombia) in July of 1819.
  • Bolivar’s Gran Columbia gains its independence

    Bolivar’s Gran Columbia gains its independence
    In 1819, December 17, the Republic of Colombia, known as Gran Colombia was proclaimed that Colombia, Venezuela, and Ecuador were included in it. At the same time, Colombia gained its independence from Spain and Simon Bolivar became the first president of Colombia.
  • Jose de San Martin frees Peru from Spain

    Jose de San Martin frees Peru from Spain
    was an Argentine general and governor who led his nation during the wars of Independence from Spain. He is counted among the founding fathers of Argentina and also led the liberations of Chile and Peru. Fast Facts: José Francisco de San Martín
  • Mexico gains independence

    Mexico gains independence
    Celebrating Mexican Independence On September 16, 1810, a progressive priest named Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla became the father of Mexican independence with a historic proclamation urging his fellow Mexicans to take up arms against the Spanish government.