Exploration to Independents

Timeline created by alexandra.cintron
In History
  • Period:
    1,800 BCE
    to
    -800 BCE

    The Maya

    The Maya culture flourished in the El Peten region from 600 BCE to 800 CE. They were expert builders and constructed the cities of Tikal and Copan. Another great acheivement were the six pyramids that they built, and the tallest stands at 230 feet tall. In the 1500's the Spanish had conquered almost all of the Maya.
  • Period:
    1,200 BCE
    to
    -600 BCE

    The Olmecs

    The Olmec were the earliest Mesoamerican civilization to develop an advanced civilization.
  • 1095

    Pope Urban calls for Crusades in the Holy Land

    Pope Urban calls for Crusades in the Holy Land
  • 1200

    Europe is a farming economy

    Europe is a farming economy
  • Period:
    1200
    to
    1521

    The Aztecs

    The Aztec arrived in what is now Mexico City in 1200 CE, they found an island in Lake Texcoco where they built one of their accomplishments Tenochittlan. They established a royal dynasty and used Chinampas which are rafts cover in dirt.
  • 1271

    Marco Polo travels to the East

    Marco Polo travels to the East
  • 1289

    Crusades end

    Crusades end
  • 1293

    Polos journey home

    Polos journey home
  • 1298

    Polo imprisoned and writes his book

    Polo imprisoned and writes his book
  • Period:
    1300
    to

    The Renaissance

  • Period:
    1400
    to
    1532

    The Inca

    The Inca lived along the west coast of South America. They created a complex government, but there was no written language. They might have encountered the Mayas. The Inca civilization still exists today.
  • 1415

    The Portuguese captured the Fortress of Ceuta

    The Portuguese captured the Fortress of Ceuta
  • 1419

    Portugal discovered Madeira Islands

    Portugal discovered Madeira Islands
  • 1427

    Portugal discovered Azores Islands

    Portugal discovered Azores Islands
  • 1434

    Prince Henry's ships made a successful return voyage

    Prince Henry's ships made a successful return voyage
  • 1440

    John Gutenburg invented the printing press

    John Gutenburg invented the printing press
  • 1469

    Marriage of Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabella of Castile

    Marriage of Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabella of Castile
  • 1488

    Bartolomeau Dias made it around the tip of Africa, and reached the Eastern coast of South Africa

    Bartolomeau Dias made it around the tip of Africa, and reached  the Eastern coast of South Africa
  • Oct 12, 1492

    Muslims were expelled from Spain

    Muslims were expelled from Spain
  • 1519

    Cortes invades the Aztec

    Cortes invades the Aztec
    Spanish forces under Hernán Cortés capture Tenochtitlán, the capital of the Aztec empire.
  • 1529

    Pizarro Invades the Inca

    Pizarro Invades the Inca
    He had many advanced weapons and conquered them during a civil war.
  • 1532

    The Inca fall under Pizarro

    The Inca fall under Pizarro
    The Incas were forced to do labor and put under his harsh rule
  • Thomas Hobbes writes The Leviathan

    Thomas Hobbes writes The Leviathan
    Written during the English Civil War, it argues for a social contract and rule by an absolute sovereign. Hobbes wrote that civil war and the brute situation of a state of nature could be avoided only by strong, undivided government.
  • John Locke writes The Second Treatise on Government

    John Locke writes The Second Treatise on Government
    The Second Treatise outlines a theory of civil society. Locke begins by describing the state of nature, a picture much more stable than Thomas Hobbes' state of "war of every man against every man," and argues that all men are created equal in the state of nature by God.
  • The United States declares Independence

    The United States declares Independence
    By issuing the Declaration of Independence, adopted by the Continental Congress on July 4, 1776, the 13 American colonies severed their political connections to Great Britain. The Declaration summarized the colonists' motivations for seeking independence.
  • France writes the Declaration of the Rights of Man

    France writes the Declaration of the Rights of Man
    The basic principle of the Declaration was that all “men are born and remain free and equal in rights”, which were specified as the rights of liberty, private property, the inviolability of the person, and resistance to oppression.
  • Haiti gains independence

    Haiti gains independence
    With the aid of the British, the rebels scored a major victory against the French force there, and on November 9, 1803, colonial authorities surrendered. In 1804, General Dessalines assumed dictatorial power, and Haiti became the second independent nation in the Americas.
  • Bolivar and his soldiers begin Venezuela’s fight for independence

    Bolivar and his soldiers begin Venezuela’s fight for independence
    The Congress declared Venezuela's independence on 5 July 1811, establishing the Republic of Venezuela. Even before the Congress began its sessions in November 1810, a civil war started between those who supported the juntas, and eventually independence, and royalists who wanted to maintain the union with Spain.
  • Bolivar’s Gran Columbia gains its independence

    Bolivar’s Gran Columbia gains its independence
    The first governments did not fully achieve independence, but their main goal was to separate from Bonaparte's government. Individuals who were set on independence brought the Gran Colombian Revolution upon them. ... Simon Bolivar confirmed independence in the Republic of Gran Colombia in 1822.
  • Jose de San Martin frees Peru from Spain

    Jose de San Martin frees Peru from Spain
    In August 1820 the army of San Martín was transported toward Peru, convoyed by warships under Lord Cochrane. Within a year San Martín was able to occupy the capital, and on July 28, 1821, he proclaimed the independence of Peru from Spain. On August 3 he accepted the position of supreme protector of Peru.
  • Mexico gains independence

    Mexico gains independence
    The Mexican War of Independence was an armed conflict and political process, lasting from 1808 to 1821, resulting in Mexico's independence from Spain. It was not a single, coherent event, but local and regional struggles that occurred within the same time period, and can be considered a revolutionary civil war.