Early Explorers

Timeline created by Smith9A
In History
  • 1,498 BCE

    Christopher Columbus - sailed for Spain

    Christopher Columbus - sailed for Spain
    His 3rd voyage to the Americas across the Atlantic Ocean
  • 1000

    Leif Erikson - Viking

    Leif Erikson - Viking
    1st European to reach North America
  • 1487

    Bartolomeu Dias sailed for Portugal

    Bartolomeu Dias sailed for Portugal
    Sailed to the bottom of Africa and found the Cape of Good Hope (Bottom of Africa)
  • 1492

    Christopher Columbus - sailed for Spain

    Christopher Columbus - sailed for Spain
    1st trip sailed to North America, across the Atlantic ocean, believed he had reached Asia
  • 1493

    Christopher Columbus - sailed for Spain

    Christopher Columbus - sailed for Spain
    His 2nd voyage to the Americas across the Atlantic Ocean
  • 1497

    Vasco de Gama sailed for Portugal

    Vasco de Gama sailed for Portugal
    1st to sail around Africa all the way to Asia.
  • 1497

    John Cabot - Sailed for England

    John Cabot - Sailed for England
    England sent, Italian, John Cabot to look for a Northern sea route to Asia. He probably landed on the coast of present-day Newfoundland.
  • 1499

    Amerigo Vespucci - Sailed for Spain

    Amerigo Vespucci - Sailed for Spain
    Sailed along the coast of S. America. He took such good notes about the coast that mapmakers were convinced this was not Asia and named the new land "America" in his honor.
  • 1500

    Pedro Alvares Cabral sailed for Portugal

    Pedro Alvares Cabral sailed for Portugal
    On his way around Africa, he went too wide and ended up in Brazil, South America
  • 1502

    Christopher Columbus - sailed for Spain

    Christopher Columbus - sailed for Spain
    His 4th and final voyage to the Americas across the Atlantic Ocean
  • 1513

    Vasco Nunez de Balboa sailed for Spain

    Vasco Nunez de Balboa sailed for Spain
    He travels through central America and is the 1st European to see the Pacific Ocean (largest ocean on earth)
  • 1513

    Juan Ponce de Leon

    Juan Ponce de Leon
    Explored present-day Florida in 1513, looking for the "fountain of youth"
  • 1519

    Hernando Cortes - sailed for Spain

    Hernando Cortes - sailed for Spain
    This conquistador explored Mexico in 1519 and conquered the Aztec.
  • Period:
    1519
    to
    1522

    Ferdinand Magellan Sailed for Spain

    1st European to circumnavigate (sail completely around) the globe.
  • 1524

    Giovanni de Verrazanno - Sailed for France

    Giovanni de Verrazanno - Sailed for France
    In 1524, France hired hired Giovanni de Verrazanno to look for a nothern route. He explored the coast of North America from present-day Nova Scotia down to the Carolinas.
  • 1527

    Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca

    Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca
    accompanied by Estavancio (a slave) and others, explored North American Southwest looking for 7 cities of gold
  • 1532

    Francisco Pizarro - Sailed for Spain

    Francisco Pizarro - Sailed for Spain
    This conquistador explored the Andes Mountains of South America and conquered the Inca empire
  • 1535

    Jacques Cartier

    Jacques Cartier
    In 1535, French Explorer Jacques Cartier sailed up the St. Lawrence River, hoping it would lead to the Pacific.
  • Period:
    1539
    to
    1542

    Hernando de Soto

    Explored Florida and North Carolina discovered the Mississippi River
  • Period:
    1540
    to
    1542

    Fransisco Vasquez de Cornado

    cont. In North American Southwest, looking for cities of gold, discovered the grand canyon (AZ)
  • 1542

    Juan Cabrillo Sailed for Spain

    Juan Cabrillo Sailed for Spain
    He explores up from Mexico and goes into modern day California.
  • Henry Hudson is hired by the Dutch

    Henry Hudson is hired by the Dutch
    The Dutch hired Hudson to look for a passage through the Americas and he discovers the Hudson River
  • Henry Hudson - sails for the Dutch

    Henry Hudson - sails for the Dutch
    Hudson is sent to try again and discovers a huge bay (and names it Hudson Bay)
  • Louis Joliet and Jacques Marquette - Sailed for France

    Louis Joliet and Jacques Marquette - Sailed for France
    located and travelled the Mississippi river by canoe
  • Robert Cavalier de La Salle- Founded Louisiana

    Robert Cavalier de La Salle- Founded Louisiana
    He followed Mississippi all the way to the Gulf of Mexico. He claimed it for France and called it Louisiana