From Exploration To Independence

Timeline created by cameron.dillon
In History
  • Period:
    1,800 BCE
    to
    800

    The Maya

    They are a mesoamerican civilization developed by the Mayan people. They had a highly developed writing system.
  • Period:
    1,200 BCE
    to
    -600 BCE

    The Olmec

    They were the first Major civilization to settle in Mexico. They were the first mesoamerican civilization. Olmec means, "the rubber people."
  • 1095

    Pope Urban Calls For Crusades in the Holy Land

    Pope Urban Calls For Crusades in the Holy Land
    In order to reclaim the holy land, the Pope called for war against the Muslims.
  • 1200

    Europe Is a Farming Economy

    Europe Is a Farming Economy
    Europeans had to grow their own crops to provide food before trade.
  • Period:
    1200
    to
    1521

    The Aztec

    Mesoamerican civilization. They settled in Mexico. They interacted with the Spanish.
  • 1271

    Marco Polo Travels To The East

    Marco Polo Travels To The East
    Marco Polo traveled east to try and find new fast routes to different places.
  • 1289

    Crusades End

    Crusades End
    The crusades ended and Europe still had not seized the Holy Lands from the Muslims.
  • 1293

    Polos Journey Home

    Polos Journey Home
    The Polos traveled back to Europe with goods in their possession.
  • 1298

    Polo Imprisoned and Writes his Book

    Polo Imprisoned and Writes his Book
    Marco became imprisoned and while he was locked up he wrote his well-known famous book about his discoveries.
  • Period:
    1300
    to

    The Renaissance

    A period of European cultural, artistic, and political-economic "rebirth', when people explored out of their comfort zone.
  • Period:
    1400
    to
    1532

    The Inca

    A small tribe that developed in Peru. They did not have a written language. They were one of the most tightly controlled empires the world had ever known.
  • 1415

    The Portuguese Captured the Fortress of Ceuta in Africa

    The Portuguese Captured the Fortress of Ceuta in Africa
    It was the beginning of the Portuguese dream of controlling the global market of gold.
  • 1419

    The Portuguese Discovered the Madeira Islands.

    The Portuguese Discovered the Madeira Islands.
    The discovery was an order from prince Henry so he and other explorers can travel farther south.
  • 1427

    The Portuguese Discovered the Azores Islands.

    The Portuguese Discovered the Azores Islands.
    Prince Henry helped fund expeditions helping lead explorers further south and claim more land.
  • 1434

    Prince Henry's Ship Made a Successful Return Voyage.

    Prince Henry's Ship Made a Successful Return Voyage.
    After 15 failed voyages one of Prince Henry's ships made it around the cape.
  • 1440

    The Printing Press

    The Printing Press
    A block printing technique that Marco Polo brought from China, combined with a press used for wine and oil helped spread information.
  • 1469

    Ferdinand and Isabella get married.

    Ferdinand and Isabella get married.
    When they got married it unified Catholic Spain and began building a nation that could compete for global power.
  • 1488

    Bartolomeu Días made it around the tip of Africa.

    Bartolomeu Días made it around the tip of Africa.
    Bartolomeu was the first person to successfully make it around the tip of Africa and reach the Eastern Coast of South Africa.
  • Oct 12, 1492

    Ferdinand and Isabella Agreed to Finance Columbus's Expedition

    Ferdinand and Isabella Agreed to Finance Columbus's Expedition
    For three years Columbus had tried to get King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella to sponsor his expedition and finally, they agreed.
  • 1519

    Cortes Invades The Aztec

    Cortes Invades The Aztec
    When Hernan Cortes entered Tenochtitlan he asked Montezuma to convert to Christianity and when he said no, Cortes captured Montezuma and attacked the Aztecs.
  • 1529

    Pizarro Invades The Inca

    Pizarro Invades The Inca
    Pizarro invaded the Incas land and captured their leader. Atahualpa rejected the Spanish religion, which led to war.
  • 1532

    The Inca Fall Under Pizarro

    The Inca Fall Under Pizarro
    When Atahualpa was captured he was forced to convert to Christianity. The Spanish burned him to death and conquered the Inca.
  • Thomas Hobbes Writes The Leviathan

    Thomas Hobbes Writes The Leviathan
    Thomas Hobbes wrote his book because many philosophers were debating governmental issues.
  • John Locke Writes The Second Treatise On Government

    John Locke Writes The Second Treatise On Government
    Philosophers were debating about governmental issues so John Locke wrote his book to share his opinion about how all men should be equal.
  • The United States Declared Independence

    The United States Declared Independence
    Colonists wanted a revolution, so they wrote the Declaration of Independence from Britain, and they established the United States Of America.
  • France Writes The Declaration Of The Rights Of Man

    France Writes The Declaration Of The Rights Of Man
    The French believed their government was gender unequal, so they began the French revolution, and drafted the Declaration of the rights of man.
  • Haiti Gains Independence

    Haiti Gains Independence
    In 1803 Dessalines defeats France and gains independence.
  • Bolívar and his soldiers begin Venezuela’s fight for independence

    Bolívar and his soldiers begin Venezuela’s fight for independence
    Bolívar favored independence, which made him want to fight for equality. He believed everyone should be treated equally.
  • Bolivar’s Gran Columbia gains its independence

    Bolivar’s Gran Columbia gains its independence
    Bolívar helps Columbia gain independence in 1821. he led an army filled with men to Carabobo and won the difficult battle
  • Jose de San Martin frees Peru from Spain

    Jose de San Martin frees Peru from Spain
    On July 28, 1821, San Martin separates Peru and Spain making Peru Independent.
  • Mexico Gains Independence

    Mexico Gains Independence
    Hidalgo y Costilla launched the Mexican War of independence issuing the Cry of Dolores. Mexico wins gaining independence.