From exploration to independence

Timeline created by audrey.jones
In History
  • Period:
    1,800 BCE
    to
    800

    The Maya

    The Mayas lived in the Él Peten region of Guatemala from 600 BCE to 800 CE. They were excellent builders and constructed magnificent cities and pyramids. They moved to the Yucatan peninsula around 800 CE. By the 1500s the Spanish had conquered most of the Mayas, but they still exist today as a distinct culture.
  • Period:
    1,200 BCE
    to
    -600 BCE

    The Olmecs

    The Olmecs are believed to be the earliest Mesoamerican culture to develop an advanced civilization. They lived in the forests of Veracruz and Tabasco. They created beautiful and intricate artwork, such as gigantic stone heads. Scholars believe that overpopulation, warfare, and environmental degradation led to their demise.
  • 1095

    Pope Urban calls for Crusades in Holy Land

    Pope Urban calls for Crusades in Holy Land
  • 1200

    Europe is a farming economy

    Europe is a farming economy
    Grew their own food (feudalism)
  • Period:
    1200
    to
    1521

    The Aztec

    The Aztecs lived in present-day Mexico City. They created chinampas. Less than 100 years after the Aztec met the Spanish, they dissapeared.
  • 1271

    Marco polo travels to the East

    Marco polo travels to the East
  • 1289

    Crusades end

    Crusades end
    wars against Muslims stopped
  • 1293

    Polos journey home

    Polos journey home
  • 1298

    Polo imprisoned and writes his book

    Polo imprisoned and writes his book
    writes book about travels
  • Period:
    1300
    to

    The Renaissance

  • Period:
    1400
    to
    1532

    The Inca

    The Inca Empire stretched through Peru to Bolivia and Ecuador. They created a complex government. They had no written language. In 1532 the Spanish conquered the Inca.
  • 1415

    Portuguese captured the fortress of Ceuta

    Portuguese captured the fortress of Ceuta
  • 1419

    Discovery of the Madeira islands

    Discovery of the Madeira islands
  • 1427

    Discovery of the Azores islands

    Discovery of the Azores islands
  • 1434

    Prince Henrys ships made a successful return voyage

    Prince Henrys ships made a successful return voyage
  • 1440

    The printing press was invented

    The printing press was invented
    By Johann Gutenberg
  • 1469

    Marriage of Ferdinand and Isabella

    Marriage of Ferdinand and Isabella
  • 1488

    Bartolomue Días reached the eastern coast of South Africa

    Bartolomue Días reached the eastern coast of South Africa
  • Oct 12, 1492

    Christopher Colombus made landfall on an island he called Hispaniola

    Christopher Colombus made landfall on an island he called Hispaniola
    Present-day Dominican republic
  • 1519

    Cortes invades the Aztec

    Cortes invades the Aztec
    In 1519 Cortes set sail with 11 ships, 16 horses, several large fighting dogs, and 530 conquisadors. Cortes intened to conquer and colonize and the behalf of the king of spain and in the name of Chrisianity.
  • 1529

    Pizarro invades the Inca

    Pizarro invades the Inca
    Pizarro invades Inca with 160 men and several horses.
  • 1532

    The Inca fall under Pizarro

    The Inca fall under Pizarro
    The Inca had too few European weapons, and too few soldiers who could use them efficiently. The Incas were defeated in 1532.
  • Thomas Hobbes writes The Leviathan

    Thomas Hobbes writes The Leviathan
    Thomas Hobbes wrote a book about his own perspective of the government, kings, and his beliefs about man.
  • John Locke writes The Second Treatise on Government

    John Locke writes The Second Treatise on Government
    John Locke wrote a book about his own perspective of the government, kings, and his beliefs about man.
  • The United States declares Independence

    The United States declares Independence
    The colonists wrote the declaration of independence to become free from the British crown and established the United States of America.
  • France writes the Declaration of the Rights of Man

    France writes the Declaration of the Rights of Man
    The French began the French revolution against the french monarchy.
  • Haiti gains independence

    Haiti gains independence
  • Bolivar and his soldiers begin Venezuela’s fight for independence

    Bolivar and his soldiers begin Venezuela’s fight for independence
  • Bolivar’s Gran Columbia gains its independence

    Bolivar’s Gran Columbia gains its independence
  • Jose de San Martin frees Peru from Spain

    Jose de San Martin frees Peru from Spain
  • Mexico gains independence

    Mexico gains independence