María Iglesias_G&H_4ºD

Timeline created by Mariia._26
In History
  • Period:
    Oct 12, 1492
    to

    Modern History

    The Modern Age is the third of the historical periods in which world history is conventionally divided, between the 15th and 18th centuries. Its beginning can begin with the fall of Constantinople (1453) or with the discovery of America (1492), and it can end in the French Revolution (1789) or with the independence of the United States (1776).
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    First Industrial Revolution

    It was the process to new manufacturing processes in Europe and EEUU.
  • James Watt’s steam engine

    James Watt’s steam engine
    The steam engine use the power from steam to generate continous movement, that is transferred to machinery.
    -Water is headed in a boiler by burning coal. The resulting high-pressure steam fills a closed chamber know as a steam chamber.
    -The front end of the chamber contains a cylinder with a piston. The steam cools down in a condenser, and a resulting change in pressure pushes the piston and rod black down.
    -A crankshaft and connecting rod system convert that create a reciprocating motion.
  • Estates-General meeting

    Estates-General meeting
    The meeting was chaired by the king and made up of the representatives of the nobility, clergy and the Third Estate, the Third Estate representatives decided to leave meeting when the privileged classes refused allow them greater representation and insisted on one vote per estate rather than one per representative.
    https://youtu.be/qiW4ZyPL5Kw
  • Tennis Court Oath

    Tennis Court Oath
    The representatives of the Third Estate met in a pavilion in Versailles and proclaimed themselves the National Assembly. They pledged to draft a constitution that reflected the will of the majority of French people.
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LmKGNcTNg2Y
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    Contemporary History

    Contemporary history is the last period of universal history, it begins with the French Revolution (1789) or the independence of the United States (1776) and continues to this day
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    Constitutional monarchy

    In the first phase of the revolution, the moderate bourgeoisie tried to reach an agreement with the king and the privileged classes to make France a constitutional and parliament monarchy.
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    French Revolution

    The French Revolution abolish the Ancient Régime by a constitutional monarchy, which was changed by a social republic...
  • Storming of the Bastille

    Storming of the Bastille
    The people of Paris supported the Assembly's proposals and, they stormed the Bastille which was used as a prision. The revolution spread to the countryside, where nobles' homes were burnt (the Great Fear).
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tiTXftPAB8g
  • Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen

    Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen
    The National Constituent Assembly created the "Déclaration des droits de l'homme et du citoyen" which defined individual and collective rights at the time of the French Revolution.
    Most of the population was not included like women.
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dtZVyhonjn8
  • Women’s March on Versailles

    Women’s March on Versailles
    The womens in Paris equipped with weapons and tools, marched to Versailles where the royal family lived. They protested against the shortage of bread and demanded the king sing the decree abolishing manorialism.
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n8yTjF1oB8k
  • First French constitution

    First French constitution
    The moderate bourgeoisie wants a constitution based on the separation of powers, national sovereignty and legal equality, thought the king reserved the right of veto. Census suffrage was also introduced, giving the vote to people with a certain level of wealth.
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7FpeWSFTFRk
  • Storm of Tuileries Palace

    Storm of Tuileries Palace
    The storming of the Tuileries Palace finished the Constitutional Monarchy to started the Social Republic.
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XZuEKGuHzcI
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    Social Republic

    The radical bourgeoisie, encouraged by the working classes, proclaimed thevRepublic and began a transformation into a democratic and equal society with universal male suffrage and social laws.
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    Girondin Convention

    There was a politic group of the National Assembly who was formed by a lot of Gironda people
  • Execution of Louis XVI

    Execution of Louis XVI
    The Girondins controlled the Republic. A new assembly, the National Convention, was elected by universal male suffrage. The king and queen were convited of treason and executed.
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9mkIkTmUTL0
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    Jacobin Convention

    The Jacobins was the most radical sector of the bourgeoisie, endorsed the demands of the popular sectors and seized power. The revolution had now entered its most extreme phase. A new constitution that recognised popular sovereignty and the right to social equality was enacted. The executive was lead by a Committee of Public Safety, which gave power to the Jacobin leader Robespierre.
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    Reign of Terror

    The Reign of Terror was imposed to stop conspirators.
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    Conservative Republic

    The moderate bourgeoisie took back control of the revolution and it entered its third and final phase. jacobins laws were cancelled and exiles from the Reign of Terror were encouraged to return. A new Constitution granted executive power to a collegial goverment, know as the Directory, and restored census suffrage.
  • War of the First Coalition

    War of the First Coalition
    It is a set of wars by a lot of European powers to France.
    They were only are allied and fought without much apparent coordination ; each power had its eye on a different part of France it wanted to appropriate after a French defeat, which never occurred
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=33pu4g9bm0s
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    The Consulate

    It was the goverment of France from the fall of the directory in the Coup of Brumaire to the Napoleonic empire.
  • Coup of 18th Brumaire

    Coup of 18th Brumaire
    The Coup of 18th Brumaire who put a Napoleón Bonaparte in emperor. He finished with the Freench Revolution.
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3cFbxVCMtjQ
  • Constitution of 1800

    Constitution of 1800
    The Constitution of 1800 of the new political system didn't include the separation of powers or a declaration of rightsand liberties were very limited and public opinion was censured
  • Napoleon crowned emperor

    Napoleon crowned emperor
    In 1803 Napoleon was crowed emperor by the Pope.
  • Period: to

    The Napoleonic Empire

    Napoleon began his conquest of Europe and in 1804 he was crowned emperor by the Pope. His army enabled him to defeat most European monarchies. When we won against Austria the French troops seemed unsoptable.
  • Invasion of Spain and Joseph Bonaparte crowned king

    Invasion of Spain and Joseph Bonaparte crowned king
    France invaded Spain and the brother of Napoleon, Joseph was made king and in 1811, the Napoleonic Empire had reached its zenith: it extended from Germany to Spain and France now controlled most of Europe.
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_SMXT6dTwEo
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    The Restoration of absolutism

    Austrian Chancellor Metternich, who was the organiser of the Congress of Vienna, wanted to stop the spread of liberal ideas and restore absolutism in Europe.
  • Battle of Waterloo

    Battle of Waterloo
    The imperial armies were finally defeated in Waterloo by Grat Britain and Prussia. Napoleon abdicated after the defeat and was sent into exile on the Island of Saint Helena.
  • Congress of Vienna and Holy Alliance Treaty

    Congress of Vienna and Holy Alliance Treaty
    The powers which defeated Napoleon met at the Congress of Vienna to restore absolutism in Europe.
    The four great powers, after restoring monarchs in their thrones, reshaped the European map to their advantage and France returned to its borders in 1792.
    The Congress of Vienna established the ideological principles of the Restoration.
    In 1815 the Holly Alliance Treaty was signed. It said that the monarchs would unite against liberal ideas.
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DuVw9sGpWUc
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    Greek War of Independence

    Greece had been part of the Ottoman Empire for centuries. The greeks had to pay taxes, were excluded from state jobs and they felt dominated by other people who was different culture and religion.
    In 1822 the Greeks declared the independence in Epidarus, but the Turks didn't recognise it, as a resulted started a war. France and Great Briant supported the Greeks because they considered the cradle of European culture.
    In 1830 Greece got its independence.
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ApceqsS5tQE
  • Stephenson’s Steam locomotive

    Stephenson’s Steam locomotive
    The steam locomotive used a steam engine to generate continuous motion of the wheels.
    This system of transport could carry more passengers and goods in less time and at a low cost. This improvement boosted trade and helped create a large domestic market.
    The steam engine was also used in sailing ships, and, later, in steamships, which made transatlantic crossing faster.
  • Revolutions of 1830

    Revolutions of 1830
    In 1830 there was a revolution because the Congress of Vienna didn't respect the nationalism and the liberal ideas of some European peoples. The movement started in France when Charles X was succeeded Louis XVIII, who was replaced by Louis Philippe I called the "Citizen king" because he was the first constitutional monarch.
    In 1831 a new revolt broke out in Poland. It was under the Russian Empire, but was supressed by the tsarist army.
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PCxT4TTl-fY
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    The Age of the revolutions (1830-1848)

    Between 1830 and 1848 there were some revolutions because people wanted freedom and liberal ideas because some governments dind't respect them.
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yO8bFJSQ9f0
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    The Belgian Revolution

    Belgium was made part of the Kingdom of Holland by the Congress of Vienna in 1815, which then became the Kingdom of the Netherlands, but the spread of liberal ideas helped the Belgian revolution, and Belgium became a liberal monarchy ruled by Leopold I. The armed conflict followed Belgium's declaration of independence which finally ended when the Netherlands regognised Belgium's independence in 1839.
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MdQgLMz539M
  • Zollverein

    Zollverein
    Zollverein was a customs union created by Prussia that united the majority of Germanic states.
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tHRmLYqwqhM
  • Revolutions of 1848

    Revolutions of 1848
    The revolutions of 1848 ("the Spring of Nations") showed how countries under the control of empires wanted to pursue the idea of nationalism and the creation of new liberal governments.
    In the Austruian empire the revolt was liberal and the revolution forced chancellor Metternich to resign.There were also nationalism uprising in other territories.
    In France it was proclaimed the 2nd Republic which adopted a number of democratic measures
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    French Second Republic (1848 – 1852)

    In France, a popular uprising proclaimed the Second Republic, which adopted a number of democratic measures, such as universal male suffrage, press freedom, abolition of the death penalty and recognition of certain rights for workers.
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iuhtwuuvwRE
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    Enclosure Acts

    It was a series of laws taht were passed by the Bristish Parliament to authorise a process which led to a concentration of land ownership.
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    Italian Unification process

    In 1859 in Piedmont started a unification process with the liberal monarchy of Savoy governed by the Prime Minister Cavour. They declared the war on Austria and annexed Lombardy , In 1861 Victor Manuel II of Savoy was proclaimed king of Italy and in 1866 Austria left Venetia and in 1870 Italy annexed the Papal States.
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kjFscoiE8eI
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    German Unification process

    In 1861, the first moves towards a united Germany were made by Wilhem I became king of Prussia and made Otto Von Bismarck chancellor. Prussia declared the war on Denmark in 1864, on Austria in 1866, and on France in 1870. Prussia won the three wars, making the unification of Germany possible.
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Kh5rnuMxDjw