SPAIN RESTORATION AND CIVIL WAR

Timeline created by crisgutierrez
In History
  • Sandhust Manifiesto

    Sandhust Manifiesto
    Manifiesto where Cánovas del Castillo promised a constitutional government.
  • PSOE is founded

    PSOE was founded by Pablo Iglesias in 1879 and was consolidated by the huge surge in the labour movement during this period.
  • Bases of Manresa

    Written by Prat de la Riba.
    Catalan nationalism demanded official status for the Catalan language, the establishment of Catalan political parties and courts, and Catalan autonomy.
  • Teatry of Paris

    Spain recognised the independence of Cuba, Puerto Rico and the Philippines.
  • Tragic Week

    A war required reservist to be called up, the majority of whom were fathers. This set off violent protest in Barcelona. The harsh repression by Maura's conservative government caused the liberals to break their pact of rotation with him.
  • Disaster of annual

    Resulting in 10 000 deaths and widespread public commotion, negatively influencing public opinion.
  • Proclamation of the Second Spanish Republic

    Alfonso XIII tried to go back to the parliamentary system, first with the government of General Dámaso Berenguer and later, with Admiral Aznar. However, the citizen's disapproval of the king's support of the dictatorship led to significant Republic victories in the 1931 municipal elections for several major cities. The king went into exile.
  • October Revolution

    The new government halted the majprity of the previous reforms, which led to an increase in strikes and more actions by left-wing parties. CEDA then demanded positions in the government. This sparked th October Revolution.
  • Tragic Spring

    Wave of attacks and street violence between staunch falangist, communist and anarchist activists.
  • Bombing Gernika

    The war then moved to the Cantabrian coast and involved harsh battles, as reflected by the bombing of Gernika by the German air force's Condor Legion.
  • End of the Civil War.

    General Francisco Franco, who had been appointed 'Generalísimo' of the army, concentrated civilian and military power and unified all of his supporting forces into one single party, the Falange Española Tradicionalista y de la JONS and concentrated all of their efforts towards winning the war, which they did in the end.
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    Reign of Alfonso XII

    Son of Isabella II. The Bourbon Restoration in Spain was made possible by to processes: Through the political manoeuvring of Antonio Cánovas del Castillo, the leader of the future Conservative Party and through a pronunciamiento (military Revolution) by General Martínez Campos.
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    Regency of María Christina

    While her son, Alfonso XIII, was still a child.
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    Reign of Alfonso XIII

    He acceded to the throne in 1902 in a political environment characterised by the crisis of Cánovas del Castillo's political sistem, the influence of regenerationism and the deaths of Cánovas (1897) and Sagasta (1903). His reign have two stages divided by the crisis of 1917:
    -The continued practice of party rotation (1902-1917).
    -The crisis of the Cánovas system (1917-1923).
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    Dictatorship of Primo de Rivera

    This dictatorship went through two stages, which had two different governments:
    -The military Directory (1923-1925): Primo de Rivera suspended the constitution, dissolved the Cortes, prohibited political parties, suppressed the labour movement and defeated the Moroccans after the Alhucemas landing (1925).
    - The Civil Directory (1925-1930): The military victory in Morocco and the economic boom of the 1920s helped Primo de Rivera maintain power until 1930.
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    Second Spanish Republic

    After the Second Republic was proclaimed, a provisional government was formed, made up of Republicans, socialists and nationalists who held elections for the Constituent Cortes in June 1931. The left-wing parties won a majority and drafted a new constitution.
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    Spanish Civil War

    The coup d'état began in Melilla, Tetuan and Ceuta on 17 July 1936. The next day it spread throughout Spain, having success in rural areas, yet falling in the more industrialised urban areas. The country was divided into two zones, the Republican zone and the 'Nacionalist' zone, and the military coup turned into a long Civil War.