History of computers

Timeline created by andrealucia.martinez
In History
  • 1890

    1890
    Herman Hollerith, an American inventor, built a machine to count a census. It used punched cards and gears like the previous ones, but it worked with electricity. His company grew to become the first computer manufacturer in the world: IBM
  • 1946

    1946
    The first computer called ENIAC is introduced to the public. It was built at the University of Pennsylvania (USA) and operated with more than 17,000 vacuum tubes. It could make 5,000 additions and 300 multiplications per second
  • 1958

    1958
    The second generation of computers starts, which used transistors to process information instead of vacuum tubes. New programming languages such as COBOL and FORTRAN were developed
  • 1964

    1964
    Integrated circuits begin to be used in the computers, which increased the processing capacity and reduced the size of the machines
  • 1971

    1971
    The microprocessor appears: a single integrated circuit in which the basic elements of the computer meet. The first personal computers begin to develop
  • 1976

    1976
    Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak make the Apple I. This computer allowed users to see what they were doing on a screen, unlike other models. Then an improved version called Apple II came, which sold millions of units