History of educational psychology

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In History
  • -400 BCE

    Plato and Aristotle

    Grinder traces the origins of Educational Psychology to Plato who believed that all knowledge is innate at birth and is perfectible by experiential learning during growth. Aristotle, Plato's student, was the first to observe that "association “among ideas facilitated understanding and recall.
  • 1520

    Juan Luis Vives 1443-1540

    He stated to teachers and others with educational responsibilities, such as those in government and commerce, that there should be an orderly presentation of the facts to be learned, and in this way he anticipated Herbart and the 19th-century
    psychologists. He noted that what is to be learned must be practiced
  • Comenius 1592-1670

    Found fault with many of the educational practices of his day. In particular, he disapproved of the scholastic tradition of studying grammar and memorizing texts. He lamented the haphazard and severe teaching methods in European schools, which tended to diminish student interest in learning.
  • John Locke 1632-1704

    Locke outlined every detail on how to educate the human mind in Some Thoughts Concerning Education. Locke's work in psychology helped him develop the idea of “associationism,” where he warned parents not to allow their children to develop negative associations that would hurt their education
  • Jean Jacques Rousseau 1712-1778

    Rousseau s theory of education emphasized the importance of expression to produce a well-balanced, freethinking child. He believed that if children are allowed to develop naturally without constraints imposed on them by society they will develop towards their fullest potential, both educationally and morally.
  • Johann Herbart 1776-1841

    Herbart's influence on educational theory is very important, even at the present time. He not only developed a philosophical-psychological rationale for teaching but a teaching method as well. Herbart believed that the mind was the sum total of all ideas which entered into one's conscious life.
  • Herbert Spencer 1820-1903

    Spencer published the first part of The Principles of Psychology in 1855. Between 1854 and 1859 he published a series of essays on education, which were collected in Education: Intellectual, Moral, and Physical
  • Wlliam James 1842-1910

    Among his many accomplishments, he was the first to teach a psychology course in the U.S. and is often referred to as the father of American psychology. James was also known for contributing to functionalism, one of the earliest schools of thought in psychology
    Works written: The Principles of Psychology
  • Stanley Hall 1846-1924

    Hall was a pioneering American psychologist and educator. His interests focused on childhood development and evolutionary theory. Hall was the first president of the American Psychological Association and the first president of Clark University.
  • John Dewey 1859-1952

    He focused primarily on the philosophy of education and helped to develop the philosophy of pragmatism and the psychological philosophy of functionalism.
  • Edward Lee Thorndike 1874-1947

    Is famous in psychology for his work on learning theory that lead to the development of operant conditioning within Behaviorism. Whereas classical conditioning depends on developing associations between events, operant conditioning involves learning from the consequences of our behavior.
  • John B. Carrol 1916-2003

    Ideas and Interests. John Carroll is well-known for his seminal work, Human Cognitive Abilities: A Survey of Factor Analytic Studies (1993), in which he reanalyzed over 400 data sets of cognitive ability test scores. Based on his reanalyzes, he proposed a Three-stratum Model of Human Cognitive Abilities