History of Physics

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In History
  • Period:
    1473
    to
    1543

    Copernicus

    He formulated the heliocentric theory of the solar system.
    The celestial movements are uniform, eternal, and circular or composed of different cycles.
    The center of the universe is close to the Sun.
    Orbiting the Sun, in order, are Mercury, Venus, Earth, the Moon, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn.
    The Earth presents three movements: the daily rotation, the annual revolution, and the annual inclination of its axis.
  • Period:
    1564
    to

    Galileo Galilei

    By using the telescope to observe the sky, he was the first to use the scientific method and reached conclusions capable of being verified. He discovered the law of inertia and dynamics and observed that jupiter had satellites spinning around it
  • Period: to

    Isaac Newton

    It unifies the ideas of the celestial movement and the movement of the earth and creates something called gravity. He formulated the principles of motion and the law of universal gravitation
  • Period: to

    James Clerk Maxwell

    achieves the unification of magnetism and electricity. The union called it electromagnetism
  • Period: to

    Joseph John Thomson

    He achieved the discovery of the electron
  • Period: to

    Albert Einstein

    He formulated the theory of relativity, which coincides with Newton's laws when phenomena develop at small speeds compared to the speed of light.