History of Special Education Timeline_Harris

Timeline created by Mercedes Harris
In History
  • American Asylum for the Education of the Deaf and Dumb

    American Asylum for the Education of the Deaf and Dumb
    Asylum for the Education of the Deaf and Dumb is the first residential school in the U.S for deaf and dumb individuals. It opened on April 15, 1817.
    This was the start of providing support to special needs individuals.
  • New England Asylum for the Blind

    New England Asylum for the Blind
    Is the oldest school for the blind in the United States. It was founded in 1829 by Samuel Gridley Howe. It is now known as Perkins School for the Blind.
    This a major part of history, This school set the standards for future schools for the blind.
  • Braille Code

    Braille Code
    In 1829, 20-year-old Louis Braille publishes the Braille code. After some modification was made it reached its current form in 1834.
    A major event!
  • First Teacher Training Program

    First Teacher Training Program
    "The first public normal school in the United States was founded in Lexington, Massachusetts, in 1839 (Encyclopaedia Britannica, 2002)."
  • Massachusettes School for Idiotic and Feeble Minded Children

    Massachusettes School for Idiotic and Feeble Minded Children
    Samuel Gridley Howe establishes the Massachusettes School for Idiotic and Feeble-Minded Children
  • The Boston School for Deaf-Mutes

    The Boston School for Deaf-Mutes
    "((Now known as Horace Mann School for the Deaf), is founded under the direction of the Boston School Board. It is the first free public day-school for the deaf. (HORACE)"
  • First Professional Association

    First Professional Association
    Edouard Seguin helped to organize the first professional association concerned with disabilities.
  • National Education Association Establishes a Section for Teachers of Children With Disabilities

    National Education Association Establishes a Section for Teachers of Children With Disabilities
    National Education Association establishes a section for teachers of children with disabilities
  • Elizabeth Farrel

    Elizabeth Farrel
    became the first president of the Council for Exceptional Children. She started a program for “backwards” or “slow learning” children in New York City.
  • Training Programs

    Training Programs
    The Vineland Training School in New Jersey inaugurates training programs for teachers of students with mental retardation (Byers, 1994).
  • Standford-Binet Scale of Intelligence

    Standford-Binet Scale of Intelligence
    Louis Terman publishes the Standford-Binet Scale of Intelligence
  • Training program for Gifted

    Training program for Gifted
    Teachers College, Columbia University, begins a training program for teachers of pupils who are gifted (Columbia University, 2018).
  • Council for Exceptional Children (CEC)

    Council for Exceptional Children (CEC)
    The organization Exceptional Children (CEC). It was found in New York City (Council for Exceptional Children, 2020).
  • Guide Dogs

    Guide Dogs
    Guide dogs for the blind are introduced in the United States
  • First Compulsory Law

    First Compulsory Law
    First Compulsory law for testing the hearing of school-age children is enacted in New York.
  • United Cerebral Palsy (UCP) association

    United Cerebral Palsy (UCP) association
  • Association for Retarded Children (ARC)

    Association for Retarded Children (ARC)
    Association for Retarded Children (ARC) is founded (known today as the Association for Retarded Citizens, or simply the Arc)
  • National Association for Gifted

    National Association for Gifted
    National Association for Gifted is founded
  • Association for Children with Learning Disabilities

    Association for Children with Learning Disabilities
    Association for Children with Learning Disabilities (forerunner to Learning Disabilities Association of America) is organized
  • Wolf Wolfensberger

    Wolf Wolfensberger
    Wolf Wolfensberger introduces the concept of normalization, initially coined by Begt Nirge of Sweden, to the United States
  • Public Law 93-112

    Public Law 93-112, the Vocational Rehabilitation Act of 1973, is enacted; Section 504 prohibits discrimination against individuals with disabilities
  • Education for All Handicapped Children Act (PL 94-142)

    Education for All Handicapped Children Act (PL 94-142)
    Education for All Handicapped Children Act (PL 94-142) is passed; landmark legislation ensures, among other provisions, a free and appropriate public education for all children with disabilities
  • Education of the Handicapped Act Amendments of 1986 (PL 99-457)

    Education of the Handicapped Act Amendments of 1986 (PL 99-457) is enacted; mandates a special education for pre-schoolers with disabilities and incentives for providing early intervention services to infants and toddlers
  • Americans with Disabilities Act (PL 101-336)

    Americans with Disabilities Act (PL 101-336) becomes law; prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability
  • PL 10-476

    PL 10-476, the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (commonly known as IDEA) is passed; among other provisions, emphasizes transition planning for adolescents with disabilities
  • Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (PL 105-117)

    Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (PL 105-117) is reauthorized, providing a major retooling and expansion of services for students with disabilities and their families
  • No Child Left Behind

    All students including those with disabilities should be proficient in math and reading by the year 2014.
  • American Recovery and Reinvestment Act

    American Recovery and Reinvestment Act
  • IDEA Reauthorized

    IDEA Reauthorized
    Students with disabilities are now required to be included on state and district-wide assessments. Regular Education Teachers are to be included on the IEP team.