Hoyo-Zaremba-Per1

Timeline created by katezaremba
  • 370

    Democritus 370 B.C.

    Democritus 370 B.C.
    Democtritus believed that there is a certain point where a substance can no longer be divided into more parts. He called this the "atomos" which means "indivisible".
  • 400

    Aristotle 400 B.C.

    Aristotle 400 B.C.
    Aristotle proposed his theory that all matter was made of Earth, Air, Water, and Fire.
  • Period:
    500
    to

    Development of the Atom

  • John Dalton

    John Dalton
    Dalton developed five main points to the Atomic Theory:
    1. Elements made of small particles called atoms
    2. Atoms of one element are equal in size, and mass but differ in other elements.
    3. Atoms cannot be subdivided, destroyed, or created.
    4. Atoms of different elements combine to make chemical compounds.
    5. In chemical reactions, atoms are combined, separated, or rearranged.
    These points set the basis of all further atomic research.
  • Henri Becquerel

    Henri Becquerel
    Becquerel discovered radioactivity on accident while performing other experiments. He was further investigating phosphorescence in uranium salt. He wrapped a flourescent substance in photographic plates and black material to prepare for an experiment using bright sunlight. But before he could perform this experiment, the photographic plates had already been disposed revealing the image of the object used.
  • J.J. Thomson

    J.J. Thomson
    Thomson proposed that the fundamental unit was 1000 times smaller than an atom, suggesting the sub-atomic particle called the electron.
  • Marie & Pierre Curie

    Marie & Pierre Curie
    The couple began researching Science together, but after Pierre's death, Marie continued to study radiology and discovered Polonium and Radium.
  • Robert Millikan

    Robert Millikan
    Robert Millikan worked on an oil-drop experiment where they measured the charge of one single electron. He worked off of JJ Thomson's "charge-to-mass" ratio to determine the actual charge and mass values.
  • Ernest Rutherford

    Ernest Rutherford
    Rutherford theorized that the positive charge of an atom is concentrated in the nucleus. he also discovered two different radioactive substances in 1908: Thorium and Uranium.
  • Niels Bohr

    Niels Bohr
    Bohr created a model of the atom in which the electrons orbit around the nucleus. He also created the basis for the "quantum theory" by coming up with the idea that an electron could drop from a high-energy orbit to a low-energy orbit to create a "light quantum of energy".
  • Quantum Model Created

    Quantum Model Created
    The Quantum model is a possible location of the atom in an element. The Quantum Model also includes the nucleus containing both nuetrons and protons.
  • James Chadwick

    James Chadwick
    Sir James Chadwick discovered the particle with a lack of electric charge called the Nuetron, He discovered that the Nuetron is located in the nucleus.