Independence of Latin America

Timeline created by LeónA9D
In History
  • 1,868 BCE

    Puerto Rico

    Puerto Rico
    The Grito de Lares was given in 1868. Puerto Rico is still administered by the United States and is currently a commonwealth of that country. And because of that, that country is not independent.
  • 1,848 BCE

    Cuba

    Cuba
    In the year 1848, there was the Grito de Yara and the First War of Independence, called the Ten Years War or Great War. José Martí organizes the Cuban Revolutionary Party. In 1899, Cuba proclaims its independence.
  • 1,824 BCE

    Simon Bolivar

    Simon Bolivar
    Liberator, President of Gran Colombia. Take command of an expedition to Peru. Battle of Junin & Battle of Ayacucho.
  • 1,824 BCE

    Independence war End

    Independence war End
    1824: Bolívar & Sucre, Victory in Peru.
    1825: Sucre, Upper Peru - Bolivia
  • 1,822 BCE

    José de San Martín.

    José de San Martín.
    Protector of Peru. San Martin gave Bolivar the initiative of the war.
    Quit from the government of Peru & went back to Argentina .
  • 1,821 BCE

    Central America

    Central America
    In 1821 the provinces of Guatemala were united in Central America. In the year 1824 the Central American Federal Republic was created. In 1838 to 1840 there was a Civil War. In 1841 England invaded Belize.
  • 1,820 BCE

    Peru

    Peru
    San Martín leaves Chile. San Martín arrives to Lima. San Martín Declares the Independence in 1821.Battle of Junin and Battle of Ayacucho in 1824.
  • 1,817 BCE

    New Granada & Venezuela

    New Granada  & Venezuela
    Bolívar, Piar, Páez and others reactivated the war in 1817.
    Bolivar faced and defeated Morillo in Calabozo in 1818. Acrossed the Andes, in Pantano de Vargas battle, the independence of new Granada was sealed .A Venezuelan's victory in the battle of Carabobo gave Venezuela its independence.
  • 1,816 BCE

    Independence causes: Economic

    Independence causes: Economic
    -Bourbon reforms
    -No intraregional trade
  • 1,816 BCE

    Independence causes: Social

    Independence causes: Social
    -Spaniards privileges
    -Spaniards vs.creoles for management positions
  • 1,816 BCE

    Independence causes: Ideological

    Independence causes: Ideological
    -Enlightenment: The forerunners of independence became aware of the differences between the colonies and the metropolis.
  • 1,815 BCE

    Military campaigns: Pablo Morillo

    Military campaigns: Pablo Morillo
    Fernando VII, Cádiz, 1815 and the greatest Spain force.
  • 1,813 BCE

    Military campaigns: Simón Bolivar

    Military campaigns: Simón Bolivar
    "Liberator" and Admirable Campaign: Mérida and Caracas.
  • 1,810 BCE

    Mexico

    Mexico
    In 1810, there was a wave of hunger, in the town of Dolores.
    In 1811 to 1815: First Constitution of Mexico. Agustín Iturbide proclaims himself emperor in 1812. López de Santa Anna is proclaimed President of the Republic in 1833.
    Spain recognizes independence in the year 1839.
  • 1,810 BCE

    Argentina, Paraguay & Uruguay

    Argentina, Paraguay & Uruguay
    In 1810: Buenos Aires, 3 failed attempts. Assumption Spontaneous Revolution set Paraguay free in 1811. In 1816, San Martin, United Provinces of South America. Federalists vs.Centralists. Uruguay went to war with Brazil in 1825.
  • 1,810 BCE

    Chile

    Chile
    In 1810, first Junta, september 18th. Royalist victory in Rancagua. O'Higgins & San Martin Army of the Andes. O'Higgins & San Martin crossed the Andes mountains, Battle of Chacabuco. Royalist victory, Cancha Rayada, Battle of Maipú.
  • 1,809 BCE

    American Sovereign Juntas

    American Sovereign  Juntas
    August 10, 1809, Quito 1st in the history of Spanish America to proclaim the independence.
    1810: Caracas, Buenos Aires, Bogota, and Santiago de Chile, Mexico
  • 1,808 BCE

    Napoleon in Spain

    Napoleon in Spain
    On May 5, 1808, Napeleon's brother, José Bonaparte. King of Spain

    called "PepeBotellas".
  • 1,807 BCE

    Brazil

    Brazil
    Napoleon invaded Portugal and John VI took refuge in Brazil in 1807. Juan VI promotes a legal reform in 1815. And in 1821 Juan VI returns to Portugal, leaving his son Pedro de Braganza as governor of Brazil. Emperor of Brazil is proclaimed. Was succeeded by his son, Pedro II in 1831.Portugal recognizes its independence in the year 1889.
  • 1,793 BCE

    Haiti & Sto Domingo

    Haiti & Sto Domingo
    1793 - 1802: Francois Dominique Toussaint - Louverture. Jean Jacques Dessalines definitely defeated the French troops.
    In 1804, declared the independence of Haiti. In 1865, Dominican Republic achieves its independence.