INDEPENDENCE OF SOUTH AMERICA

Timeline created by Angumba9J
In History
  • 1. INDEPENDENCE OF SOUTH AMERICA

    1. INDEPENDENCE OF SOUTH AMERICA
    When Fernando VII returned
    to the throne in 1814,
    patriotic military campaigns
    subsisted in Venezuela and
    the Río de la Plata. In the
    first, Simón Bolívar -Member
    of the Caraqueña boards of
    1811- was named new military
    leader, and in 1813 he liberated Mérida and Caracas in the so-called
    Admirable Campaign, cities that gave him the title of "Liberator",
  • 4. ARGENTINA, PARAGUAY, AND URUGUAY

    4. ARGENTINA, PARAGUAY, AND URUGUAY
    The first Junta of Buenos Aires organized three military campaigns
    to subdue the Spanish forces in the interior, but they were not successful.
    A revolution spontaneously broke out in Asunción and
    the government remained independent. This is how the Republic of Paraguay
    was created.
    The Oriental Republic of Uruguay, fed up with its disappointments with the centralism of Buenos Aires, and after the War with Brazil (1825-1828),
    establish itself as an independent entity in 1828
  • 5. INDEPENDENCE OF CHILE

    5. INDEPENDENCE OF CHILE
    San Martín no se desanimó y
    decidió continuar con sus planes,
    tuvo que liberar
    Chile. El cruce fue épico,
    se reunieron menos
    de un mes después en el Valle de Aconcagua y aunque sufrió una grave
    derrota en Cancha Rayada (19-03-1818), triunfó en la batalla decisiva
    de Maipú (5-04-1818), asegurando la independencia de Chile.
  • 2. NEW GRANADA AND VENEZUELA

    2. NEW GRANADA AND VENEZUELA
    Morillo regained control of Venezuela, Nueva Granada, but Bolívar and other Venezuelan leaders reactivated the war. Bolívar faced and defeated morillo dungeon, morillo counterattack and defeated bolívar in V. Aragua. Bolívar crossed the Andes and defeated the royalists in battle P. Vargas sealed the independence of New Granada. Morillo and Bolívar sign the treaty ending the “war of death”, after the royalist army was defeated, the final victory for Venezuela's independence
  • 6. PERU

    6. PERU
    San Martin
    sailed from Valparaíso (20-08-1820)
    with a fleet of eight warships and 16
    transport ships, and 4,500 men of
    the armies of the Andes and Chile. That
    landed in Pisco (8-09-1820), and forced the royalist army to retreat towards
    the range.
    San Martin declared
    independence (07-28-1821) and was appointed Protector of Peru with full civil rights
    and military authority.
  • 3. INDEPENDENCE OF ECUADOR

    3. INDEPENDENCE OF ECUADOR
    Let us remember how the independence of
    Guayaquil was proclaimed (9-10-1820), the
    arrival of the patriot army commanded by
    Antonio José de Sucre, and his triumph in
    Pichincha (05-24-1822), which ended
    the independence of Gran Colombia. also, that Bolívar defeated
    the realistic grasses in the battle of
    Bomboná, and triumphantly entered Quito (06/16-1822) and waited
    the President of Peru, General José de San Martín, to discuss the strategy for
    end the war against the royalists
  • 7. SAN MARTIN AND BOLIVAR

    7. SAN MARTIN AND BOLIVAR
    At their meetings in Guayaquil, Bolívar, Libertador and
    president of Gran Colombia, and San Martín, protector of Peru, spoke of what
    was missing to complete the freedom of America: the defeat of the last royalist
    bastion in Peru. Surprisingly, San Martín gave Bolívar the initiative of the war
    completely. He returned to Lima, resigned the government of Peru (20-
    09-1822), and returned home to Mendoza, Argentina.
  • 8. END OF THE WAR OF INDEPENDENCE

    8. END OF THE WAR OF INDEPENDENCE
    In 1823, Bolívar was authorized
    by the Congress of the Great
    Colombia to take command
    an expedition to Peru. In
    September of that year, he
    arrived in Lima and met with
    Sucre and the Peruvian leaders
    to plan the attack. Bolívar and Sucre defeated the Spanish army in battle.
    of Junín (6-08-1824).
    Sucre was forced to fight and destroyed
    the last bastion of the Spanish army in the battle of Ayacucho (12-09-1824),
    that put an end to Spanish rule in South America.