Jesus to AD 500

Timeline created by jwathen
  • Period:

    Pax Romana

  • 33

    The Resurection of Jesus Christ

  • 33


  • 33

    The Apostles spread the Gospel

  • 33

    St. Stephen Martyred

  • 34

    The Conversion of St. Paul

  • 42

    St. John the Apostle travels with Ephesus with the blessed mother

    John 19:25-27 tells of how, from the cross, Jesus charged St. John with the care of his mother
  • 44

    St. James the Apostle is martyred; his body secretly buried in Spain

  • 46

    St. Paul begins missionary journeys to Galatia, Greece, Syria and other places

  • 49

    Council of Jerusalem

    This council affirms that the new covenant in Christ means that Christians are not bound by Mosaic Law and that Jesus send the Holy Spirit to Jew and Gentile alike
  • 64

    Persecution of Christians begins under Roman emperor Nero

  • 70

    Romans burn the Jewish Temple in Jerusalem

  • 80

    Didache written

  • 99

    All the writings that will become part of the New testament have been written by this date.

  • Period:

    AD 100-500

  • 250

    Persecution under Roman emperor Decius

    Decius required all to the gods of the state, or to be tortured and killed
  • 251

    Council of Carthage

    This council allowed people who lapsed in their faith during the persecution to be brought back into the church after a period of penance
  • 303

    Persecution under Roman emperor Diocletian

    Diocletian ordered the destruction of of all Christian churches, imprisonment of bishops and priests, and the execution of al who refused to participate in the public worship of pagan.
  • 313

    Emperor Constantine issues the Edict of Milan

    this edict granted religious toleration to Christians and unleashed the spread of Christianity
  • 325

    Council of Nicaea

    this council, called by Emperor Constantine, set forth the the Nicene Creed and affirmed that Jesus and the father are consubstantial of the same substance
  • 330

    Emperor Constantine divides the roman empire into east and west.

    The West was centered in Rome, and the East was centered in Constantinople (present day Istanbul, Turkey)
  • 330

    Construction of the first St. Peter's Basilica in Rome

  • 354

    Birth of St. Augustine

  • 360

    books begin to replace scrolls

  • 382

    Pope Damasus asks St. Jerome to translate the Gospels into Latin.

  • 397

    The Councils of Hippo and Carthage determine which books will become part of the new testament

  • 405

    St Jerome complete his translation of the Old Testament

  • 410

    The Visigoths destroy the city of Rome

  • 410

    St. Augustine begins writing The City of God.

  • 431

    Council of Ephesus

    This council condemned a heresy that said that Jesus was two persons in one body, and the council declared that the Virgin Mary is truly the mother of God.
  • 432

    St. Patrick sets out to spread the Gospel in Ireland

  • 451

    Council of Chalcedon

    This council affirmed that Christ is fully human and fully divine.(the hypostatic union)
  • 476

    The Western Roman empire collapses

  • 480

    Birth of St. Benedict

  • 496

    Clovis, the King of Franks, converts to Catholicism

  • 507

    Clovis' army drives Visigoths out of France

  • 527

    Justinian I becomes becomes emperor of the Eastern Roman Empire

  • 529

    St. Benedicts founds the first monastery

  • 537

    Construction of Hagia Sophia (current structure) begins in Constantinople

  • 632

    Death of Mohammad

    Mohammad, who Muslims call Prophet Mohammed, is the founder of Islam. By the time of his death, all of Arabia is Muslim.
  • 637

    Muslims attack Constantinople

  • 638

    Muslims capture Jerusalem

  • 698

    Muslims take Carthage

    End of Eastern Roman rule in North Africa
  • 711

    Muslims invade and occupy Spain

  • 732

    France halts Muslim invasion

  • 793

    Vikings attack England

  • 800

    Charlemagne is crowned Holy Roman Empire by Pope Leo the III

    Eastern Christians in Constantinople did not approve of Charlemagne's coronation, and the new title bestowed by the pope caused further division between East and West
  • 800

    Gunpowder invented

  • 885

    Vikings attack Paris

  • 997

    Muslims occupy Santiago de Compostela in Spain, burial place of St. James the Apostle.