Key Art Movements of the 20th Century

Timeline created by Fishyfishy
  • Period: to

    Realism

    (1848–1900) Celebrating working class and peasants; en plein air rustic painting
    Key Artists: Pre-Raphaelite brotherhood, Courbet, Andre Derain
  • Realism (1848–1900)

    Celebrating working class and peasants; en plein air rustic painting
  • Bonjour Monsieur Courbet 1854

    Bonjour Monsieur Courbet 1854
    Gustave Courbet
  • Impressionism (1865–1885)

    Capturing fleeting effects of natural light
  • The Potato Easters 1885

    The Potato Easters 1885
    Van Gogh
  • Post-Impressionism (1885–1910)

    A soft revolt against Impressionism
  • Expressionism (1900–1935)

    emotion and distortion of form
  • Fauvism (1904–1908),

    painterly qualities and strong colour over the representational or realistic values retained by Impressionism.
  • Cubism (1907-1919)

    objects are broken up, analyzed, and re-assembled in an abstracted form
  • Futurism (1909 – 1916)

  • Supremativism (1915-1916)

    focused on fundamental geometric forms (in particular the square and circle)
  • Period: to

    Surrealism

    Surrealism (1917–1950) Ridiculous art; painting dreams and exploring the unconscious
    Key Artist: Salvador Dali, Renee Margritte
  • Period: to

    De Stijl

    De Stijl (1917 – 1931) sought to express a new utopian ideal of spiritual harmony and order. They advocated pure abstraction.
    Key Artist: Mondrian, Theo Van Doesberg
  • De Stijl (1917 – 1931)

    sought to express a new utopian ideal of spiritual harmony and order. They advocated pure abstraction
  • Surrealism (1917–1950)

    Ridiculous art; painting dreams and exploring the unconscious
  • Constructivism (1919-1934)

    a rejection of the idea of autonomous art in favour of art as a practice for social purposes
  • Arithmetische Compositie 1924

    Arithmetische Compositie 1924
    Theo Van Doesburg
  • This is not a Pipe 1928

    This is not a Pipe 1928
    Renee Margritte
  • Composition with Red and Yellow and Blue 1930

    Composition with Red and Yellow and Blue 1930
    Mondrian
  • Abstract Expressionism (1940s–1950s

    The focus of art also shifted from the art product to the art process. To express feelings and emotions, applied paint rapidly, huge canvases, painting gesturally, non-geometrically,
  • The Elephants 1948

    The Elephants 1948
  • Period: to

    Pop Art

    Pop Art (1960s) brought back the materials of daily life into art – comics, television, magazines and in short popular culture. The mass-produced awarded the same significance as the unique. The gap between “high art” and “low art” was bridged.
    Key Artist: Andy Wharol, Roy Lichenstein
  • Pop Art (1960s)

    brought back the materials of daily life into art – comics, television, magazines and in short popular culture. The mass-produced awarded the same significance as the unique. The gap between “high art” and “low art” was bridged.
  • Campbells soup cans 1962

    Campbells soup cans 1962
    Andy Wharhol
  • Drowing Girl 1963

    Drowing Girl 1963
    Roy Lichtenstein
  • Postmodernism (1970-)

    it is a tendency in contemporary culture characterized by the problem of objective truth and inherent suspicion towards global cultural narrative. It emphasizes the role of language, power relations, and motivations; in particular it attacks the use of sharp classifications such as male versus female, straight versus gay, white versus black, and imperial versus colonial.
  • Deconstructivism (1970– )

    Art without a center, reworking and mixing past styles
  • Dada (1916-1922)

    Its purpose was to ridicule what its participants considered to be the meaninglessness of the modern world. In addition to being anti-war, dada was also anti-bourgeois and anarchist in nature.