Latin America Independence process timeline.

Timeline created by facebooker_210320760686417
  • 1492

    Hiti.

    Hiti.
    Cristobal Colon reaches Hispaniola part that will be called the Greater Antilles.
  • 1519

    Panama.

    Panama.
    The Spanish found Panama
  • Hiti.

    Spain ceded that part of the island to France by means of a treaty.
  • Panama.

    Panama joins the Viceroyalty of New Granada
  • Hiti.

    Throughout the independence it has as its protagonist Francois Dominique etc.
  • Haiti & Sto Domingo

    Haiti & Sto Domingo
    Francois Dominique Toussaint - Louverture.
  • Haiti & Sto Domingo

    Jean Jacques Dessalines definitely defeated the French troops.
  • Haiti & Sto Domingo

    Declared the independence of Haiti.
  • Colombia.

    Colombia.
    Invasion of Spain by France
  • Hiti.

    Haiti declared independence from France
  • Brazil

    Brazil
    Napoleon invaded Portugal, Juan VI took refuge in Brazil.
  • Ecuador

    Ecuador
    Quito First Call for Independence.
  • Mexico

    Mexico
    Wave of hunger - Miguel Hidalgo in the town of Dolores.
  • Ecuador

    Quito's
    massacre
  • Chile.

    Chile.
    First Junta September 18th
  • argentina

    argentina
    May revolution.
    On May 25, meeting in the Plaza de la Victoria, current Plaza de Mayo, the people of Buenos Aires finally imposed their will on the Cabildo creating the Provisional Government Board of the Río de la Plata-
  • Colombia.

    Grito de Independencia en Bogotá
  • Mexico

    in Guadalajara
  • Paraguay

    Paraguay
    May revolution
  • Paraguay

    June Congress and Superior Government Board
  • Paraguay

    Treaty of Friendship, Assistance and Commerce in which Buenos Aires recognizes the autonomy of the Province of Paraguay
  • Guatemala

    Guatemala
    The Aguilar family, and in particular the priest Nicolas Aguilar, played a very important role in the insurrection that took place in the city of San Salvador in November 1811.
  • The Savior

    The Savior
    First cry for independence on November 5.
  • Mexico

    Plan of Iguala: Agustin Iturbide proclaims himself emperor.
  • Argentina

    Creation of the National Flag.
    On February 27, 1812, he inaugurated a new battery, which he called Independence. There he made his troops form in front of a flag sewn by Doña María Catalina Echeverría, a neighbor of Rosario.
  • Guatemala

    The Constitution of Cadiz, also called LA PEPA, is proclaimed. This document limits the power of attorney for anyone.
  • Argentina

    Assembly of the Year XII
    For this election, each Intendancy had to elect two deputies and each subordinate city, one. Buenos Aires, due to its larger population, could elect four deputies.
  • Paraguay

    Congreso de 1813 y Consulado
  • Guatemala

    he authorities are deposed and independence is declared. The Conjuration of Belén, or Conspiracy of Belén, was a frustrated independence movement against the authorities of the Captaincy General of Guatemala in 1813, in the city of Nueva Guatemala.
  • Chile.

    Royalist victory in Rancagua-
    O' Higgins &
    San Martín
    Army of the Andes
  • Paraguay

    Dictatorship of José Gaspar Rodríguez de Francia
  • The Savior

    Insurrections break out in El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua and Costa Rica.
  • The Savior

    Second Cry of Independence: It was intended to achieve the autonomy of the Spanish Crown
  • Mexico

    First Constitution of Mexico - José María Morelos.
  • New Granada & Venezuela

    New Granada  & Venezuela
    Bolívar, Piar, Páez and others reactivated the war.
  • Chile.

    O' Higgins &
    San Martín
    crossed the Andes mountains
  • New Granada & Venezuela

    Bolivar faced and defeated Morillo in Calabozo.
  • Chile.

    Royalist victory
    Cancha Rayada
    Battle of Maipú
  • New Granada & Venezuela

    Acrossed the Andes, in Pantano de Vargas battle, the independence of new Granada was sealed .
  • Ecuador

    Independence of Guayaquil Oct 9th
  • Peru

    Peru
    San Martín
    leaves Chile.
  • Guatemala

    For at least a few days between July and August 1820, Tzul acted as the most prominent representative of the indigenous government
  • Brazil

    Juan VI promoted a legal reform - Brazil: the territorial base of the "Empire of Brazil, Portugal and the Algarve".
  • Brazil

    Juan VI returned to Portugal, leaving his son Pedro de Braganza as governor of Brazil.
  • New Granada & Venezuela

    A Venezuelan's victory in the battle of Carabobo gave Venezuela its independ
  • New Granada & Venezuela

    Final victory
    June 25th, 1821
  • Central America

    Central America
    Guatemala's provinces
    United Provinces of the Center
  • Panama.

    Panama obtains its independence from Greater Colombia
  • Guatemala

    Se firma el plan de Iguala, entre ellos el Coronel Agustín de Iturbide y el caudillo Vicente Guerrero. Compuesto por 2 documentos.
  • Guatemala

    Families of the Guatemalan elite (Aycinena), Proposes a plan, or an alliance, called the Pacific Plan for independence; with Intellectuals who support the Plan such as Pedro Molina, Mariano Beltranena and José F. Barrundia.
  • Guatemala

    The Iguala plan is signed, among them Colonel Agustín de Iturbide and the caudillo Vicente Guerrero. Composed of 2 documents.
  • Honduras

    Honduras
    Honduras, like the other Central American countries, declares its independence from Spain
  • Honduras

    XIX century declaration of independence Central America ed Espana
  • The Savior

    The Criollos take the reins of independence.
  • The Savior

    On September 15, 1821, the Central American Independence Act was signed.
  • Peru

    San Martín
    arrives to Lima
  • Peru

    San Martín Declares the Independence
  • Guatemala

    Espeña is informed of the independence of Guatemala.
  • Costa Rica

    In San José, the rejection of the Carthage Act was unilaterally agreed and on November 1, 1821, "absolute independence from Spain and total rejection of annexation to the Mexican Empire" was proclaimed. This proclamation was followed by Alajuela and Ujarrás.
  • Costa Rica

    Costa Rica
    The side where León reports his decision to become completely independent from Spain and annex to the Mexican Empire (without leaving a copy in San José) arrives in Carthage. In Cartago, the authorities follow in the footsteps of León, convinced of the advisability of joining Mexico.
  • Brazil

    He proclaimed himself emperor of Brazil.
  • Ecuador

    Patriot Army led by Antonio José de Sucre Pichincha's Triumph
  • Ecuador

    Final victory
    May 24th, 1822
  • Haiti & Sto Domingo

    Haiti submits the eastern part (Dominican Republic)
  • Costa Rica

    Everything was finally resolved when the Carthages tried to force by force of arms the Josefinos and Alajuelenses to swear allegiance to the Iturbide Empire, San José and Alajuela responding militarily with Captain Gregorio José Ramírez as commander of their joint armed forces.
  • Costa Rica

    The free and independent state of Costa Rica had its first national flag. White background with a red six-pointed star in the center.
  • Honduras

    Honduras se independiza de México
  • Peru

    Battle of Junin Battle of Ayacucho
  • Central America

    Central American Federal Republic.
  • Bolivia

    Bolivia
    Battle of Junin: Simón Bolívar defeats the royalist army of José de Canterac and Manuel Isidoro Suárez
  • Costa Rica

    The Free State of Costa Rica published the first executive decree (No. V) signed by Juan Mora Fernández, recognizing that Costa Rica is, and will forever be, free and independent from Spain, Mexico, and any other power or nation.
  • Bolivia

    El General José Miguel Lanza toma la ciudad de La Paz declara la independencia de las Provincias del Alto Perú
  • Bolivia

    Combate de Tumusla
  • Bolivia

    Commander Sucre enters Upper Peru following the instructions of Simón Bolívar
  • Bolivia

    Acta de Independencia por José Mariano Serrano
  • Uruguay.

    Uruguay.
    Battle of the Rincón: the revolutionaries defeat the Portuguese
  • Uruguay.

    Battle of Sarandi: the Uruguayans beat the Brazilians
  • Uruguay.

    Peace Treaty between Argentina and Brazil, ending the war and recognizing Uruguay as a Sovereign State
  • Uruguay.

    Uruguay is declared an independent state through the Preliminary Peace Convention
  • Brazil

    He abdicated and was succeeded by his son, Pedro II.
  • Mexico

    Lopez de Santa Anna was proclaimed president of the Republic.
  • Central America

    José Francisco Morazán - separation.
  • Mexico

    Spain recognizes independence.
  • Central America

    Civil War
  • Central America

    England invaded Belize.
  • Paraguay

    Acta de Independencia de Paraguay
  • Cuba

    Cuba
    Scream of Yara.
    First War of Independence called Ten Years War or Big War.
  • Haiti & Sto Domingo

    Dominican Republic achieves its independence.
  • Puerto Rico

    the Scream of Lares.
    The rebellion is crushed in a short time.
  • Puerto Rico

    Consequently, it is not an independent country. Puerto Rico is still administered by the United States and is currently a commonwealth of that country.
  • Brazil

    Portugal recognized its independence.
  • Cuba

    The US declares war on Spain.
  • Cuba

    Cuba proclaimed its independence.
  • Central America

    Panama part of the Viceroyalty of New Granada.
  • Thanks

    Paula Salto.
    9no D.