Independence Revolutions from Mexico to Chile

Timeline created by YungaS9G
  • NEW GRANADA AND VENEZUELA

    NEW GRANADA AND VENEZUELA
    The Viceroyalty of Nueva Granada, covered the current territories of Ecuador, Colombia, Panama and Venezuela. It was created by Royal Decree on May 27, 1717 uniting the Royal Court of Quito, the Captaincy General of Venezuela and the Royal Court of Santa Fe.
  • INDEPENDENCE REVOLUTIONS

    INDEPENDENCE REVOLUTIONS
    Fue un cacique peruano que encabezó en 1780 la rebelión indígena más importante. Túpac llegó a formar un ejército rebelde de 150.000 indígenas distribuidos desde el Norte argentino hasta el Ecuador.
  • INDEPENDENCE HAITI AND SANTO DOMINGO

    INDEPENDENCE HAITI AND SANTO DOMINGO
    In 1804, declared the independence of Haiti. It was, thus, the
    second independent country in America, in this case, led by blacks. In 1822, Haitian troops subdued the eastern part of the island of Hispaniola, which would regain its independence from Haiti in 1844.
  • CAUSES OF LATIN AMERICA INDEPENDENCE

    CAUSES OF LATIN AMERICA INDEPENDENCE
    The causes that led to independence affected all the colonies equally; the invasion of Napoleon, the Bourbon reforms, the enlightened ideas, the independence of the United States.
    - Economic.
    - Social.
    - Ideological.
    - Influence of US independence and the French Revolution.
    Napoleon names king of Spain:
  • THE INDEPENDENCE IN LATIN AMERICA

    THE INDEPENDENCE IN LATIN AMERICA
    The independence of Latin America was the historical process of the rebellion of its inhabitants against Spanish. It began with the proclamation of Sovereign Boards in 1809. The crisis that affected this enormous colonial space was, in essence, a «crisis of domination», which was expressed in an increasingly weak economic dependence in relation to the metropolis
  • THE LACK OF A KING, OCCASION OF AMERICAN BOARDS

    THE LACK OF A KING, OCCASION OF AMERICAN BOARDS
    Hispano-America to proclaim, on August 10, 1809, a government of its own, not designated by the Crown, they would soon proclaim their meetings, immediately, throughout 1810, Caracas (04/19), Buenos Aires (05/25), Bogotá (07/20) and Santiago de Chile (08/18).
  • FROM THE BOARDS TO THE WARS OF INDEPENDENCE

    FROM THE BOARDS TO THE WARS OF INDEPENDENCE
    The viceroys of Lima and Bogota immediately sent troops with the order to besiege Quito and not allow "a grain of salt" on August 2, 1810, they murdered 300 patriots and citizens, which shook entire America.The reaction of the Spaniards led to the polarization of the positions and the creole elites multiplied,since 1811, The Creole reaction was increasingly strong and organized, which turned the
    process into a true continental war that lasted for several years.
  • MEXICAN INDEPENDENCE

    MEXICAN INDEPENDENCE
    Mexico's independence from Spain is celebrated every year on September 16 to commemorate the beginning of the Mexican War of Independence in 1810. He introduced a liberal state and agrarianreform. But he had him shot in 1815.
  • BATALLA DE APACHETA

    BATALLA DE APACHETA
    The Battle of Apacheta took place on November 9, 1814 between the insurgent troops of Brigadier Mateo Pucmacahua and the royal garrison of Arequipa under the command of Marshal Francisco.
  • ARGENTINA, PARAGUAY, AND URUGUAY

    ARGENTINA, PARAGUAY, AND URUGUAY
    The first Junta de Buenos Aires 1810 organized three military campaigns This is how the Republic of Paraguay
    was created. In the Banda Oriental, the rural population rose against the Spanish authorities in Montevideo. troops who defeated the royalists at the Battle of Las Piedras1811 and besieged the
    walled Montevideo, where the viceregal government had moved.
    The Oriental Republic of Uruguay, fed up with its disappointments.
  • INDEPENDENCE OF CHILE

    INDEPENDENCE OF CHILE
    The combat of Cerro Gavilan was a battle of the Chilean New Homeland carried out between Spanish royalists and the United Liberation Army of Chile coualition of the Army of the Andes and Chilean.
  • INDEPENDENCE OF ECUADOR

    INDEPENDENCE OF ECUADOR
    The Quito coup of August 10, 1809 was not simply an independence movement, but the conspiracy of a tiny group whose sole objective was to change the Spanish authorities that at that time governed the Audiencia
  • CENTRAL AMERICA

    CENTRAL AMERICA
    Independence from the Spanish Crown (15-09-1821) and, shortly after, annexed Mexico to defend itself better from Spain. Of this one separated in 1904, by the direct action of EE. UU, to control the Panama Canal promoted the formation of a separate republic.
  • PERU

    PERU
    On July 28, 1821, the Peruvian nation achieved its independence from the Spanish monarchy, thus creating the sovereign history of the Independence of Peru.
  • BRAZIL: MONARCHICAL INDEPENDENCE

    BRAZIL: MONARCHICAL INDEPENDENCE
    The Kingdom of Brazil was the seat of the court of John VI of Portugal and his government, after fleeing the army of Napoleon I during the Napoleonic wars in 1808.
  • END OF THE WAR OF INDEPENDENCE

    END OF THE WAR OF INDEPENDENCE
    In 1823, Bolívar was authorized by the Congress of the Gran Colombia to take command of an expedition to Peru. Sucre was forced to give battle and destroyed the last bastion of the Spanish army at the battle of Ayacucho (9-12-1824) , which put an end to Spanish rule in South America.
  • independence cavalry

    independence cavalry
    The combat of Arequipa was a warlike confrontation of the Peruvian war of independence, which 8,1823 in the city of Arequipa, during which the independence cavalry
  • INDEPENDENCE OF SOUTH AMERICA

    INDEPENDENCE OF SOUTH AMERICA
    Junín in August and the triumph of Antonio José de Sucre in Ayacucho on December 9, 1824, at the head of an army of Colombians, Chileans, Argentines and Peruvians consolidates the independence of South America. The United Provinces of South America were at war with the Spanish Empire due to the displacement of the viceroy and the election of an autonomous government junta on May 25, 1810, known as the Primera Junta
  • INDEPENDENCE OF CUBA

    INDEPENDENCE OF CUBA
    The conflict began on February 24, 1895 in a simultaneous uprising of thirty-five Cuban towns, the so-called Grito de Baire, and ended in August 1898, after the United States entered the conflict and the following defeat.
  • THE CASE OF PUERTO RICO

    THE CASE OF PUERTO RICO
    In 1898, in the framework of the war against Spain for independence, the United States entered, for its own benefit. In August the armistice prior to the Treaty of Paris is reached and in October 1898 the official ceremony of transfer of sovereignty is carried out by means of which the president of the United States appoints a Military Governor for the island.