Music History

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In Music
  • 900

    Musica Enchiriadis

    This was the first treatise to address polyphony in Western music and is closest associated with Boethius. It explains the use of consonant and dissonant intervals. The voices are named Vox principalis and Vox organum.
  • 1030

    Guido d'Arezzo's Micrologus

    Guido added lines to the staff that allowed for nuemes correlate to a specific pitch. He innovated the hexachord system with a tool called Guido's Hand.
  • 1280

    Franco of Cologne/Ars Cantus Mensurabilis

    The introduction of Franco Mensural Notation which correlates note shape to duration known as rhythmic modes. Also discussed the use of consonant and dissonant intervals.
  • 1323

    Ars Nova Treatise

    Written by Philippe de Vitry, this is the first time breaking away from rhythmic modes with the use of Breve and Semibreve.
  • 1476

    Josquin’s Ave Maria Virgo Serena motet

  • 1529

    Martin Luther’s Ein feste burg

  • 1538

    Arcadet’s Il bianco e dolce cigno

  • 1562

    Palestrina’s Pope Marcellus Mass

  • Musica Transapline

    This was a published collection of Italian madrigals that we’re translated to English. It grew interest for English madrigals.
  • Sonata pian e forte

    Written by Giovani Gabrieli from Venice, it was the first composition that was written for specific instruments.
  • Monteverdi’s L’Orfeo

  • First Public Concerts in England

  • Purcell’s Dido and Aeneas

  • Vivaldi’s L’Estro Armonico

  • Brandenburg Concerti

  • Rameau’s Traité de l’harmonie

  • The Well-Tempered Clavier vol. 1

  • Pergolesi’s La Serva Padrona

  • Handel’s Messiah

  • Quantz’s Essays on Playing the Flute

  • Gluck’s Orfeo ed Euridice

    Gluck wanted to reform opera from being the formulaic recit/da capo aria form it had become. He omitted da capo arias from the opera, and transformed the secco recit into something more lyrical that would better convey the emotions of the characters while propelling the story forward.
  • Haydn Op. 33

  • Mozart Piano Concerto No. 23

  • Don Giovanni

  • Beethoven Symphony No. 5 in C minor

  • Erlkönig

  • Rossini’s Il Barbiere di Siviglia

  • 24 Caprices for Unaccompanied Violin, Op. 1

  • Schubert Symphony No. 8

    Began in 1822, it was unfinished
  • Beethoven Symphony No. 9

    Composed in 1823, premiered in 1824
  • Berlioz Symphony fantastique

  • Chopin Mazurkas Op. 7

  • Liebst du um Schönheit

    Composed by Clara Wieck Schumann
  • Das Jar

    Composed by Fanny Mendelssohn-Hensel
  • Berlioz Treatise on Instrumentation

  • Violin Concerto in E minor, Op. 64

    Composed by Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy
  • Verdi’s La Traviata

  • Louis Moreau Gottschalk’s Souvenir de Porto Rico

    Composed in 1857, published in 1858
  • Wagner’s Tristan und Isolde

  • Mussourgsky’s Boris Godunov

  • Bizet’s Carmen

  • Wagner’s Der Ring des Nibelungen

  • Mahler’s Symphony No. 1

  • Brahms’ Symphony No. 4

  • Tchaikovsky’s The Nutcracker

  • Dvorak’s Symphony No. 9

  • Maple Leaf Rag

  • Jean Sibelius' Finlandia

  • Puccini’s Madama Butterfly

  • Debussy's Prélude à l’aprés midi d’un faune

    The ballet premiered in 1912 while the tone poem was premiered in 1894
  • Schönberg's Pierrot Lunaire

  • Stravinsky's Le sacre du Printemps (premiere)

  • George Gershwin's Rhapsody in Blue

  • Louis Armstrong's "Hotter Than That"

  • Shostakovich Symphony No. 5

  • Alexander Nevsky (film)

  • Ellington's Cottontail

  • Messiaen's Quatour pour le fine du temps

  • Bela Bartók's Concerto for Orchestra

  • Copland Appalachian Spring

  • John Cage's 4'33''

  • Edgar Varese Poeme Electronique

  • Kind of Blue Miles Davis

  • George Crumb's Black Angels

  • John Adam's Short Ride in a Fast Car

  • Period:

    Medieval Period

  • Period:

    Charlemagne's Rule

    Charlemagne supported music in the church and allowed for it to flourish in a way it hadn't before. Gregorian chant became the primary form of chant under his rule, as Pope Gregory was also active during his rule.
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    Hildegard of Bingen

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    Troubadours were traveling musicians in North France performing secular music such as love songs.
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    Notre Dame School Polyphony

    Leonin lead the movement from 1163 to 1190. Perotin took charge from 1190 to 1225.
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    Guillaume de Machaut

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    Francesco Landini

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    Gutenberg Printing Press

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    Concerto delle Donne

    Located in Ferrara, Italy
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    Baroque Era

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    Versailles’ Orchestra Vingtquatre Violons du Roi

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    J.S. Bach

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    Pre Classical Period

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    Franz Joseph Haydn

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    W.A. Mozart

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    Viennese Classical Period

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    Chevalier de Saint-Georges as director of Concerts des Amateurs

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    London Symphonies

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    Franz Schubert

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    Frederic Chopin

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    Schumann Carnaval

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    Moguchaya kuchka

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    Schönberg's Piano Suite, Op.25