Mussolini and Fascist Italy

Timeline created by gianmaue
In History
  • Formation of an independent Italy

    Formation of an independent Italy
    Different countries that made up Italy decided to unify to create a single nation. This nation became Italy. This image shows an Italian flag which is the symbol that represents Italy. I'm using this image as it is representative of Italy's unification.
  • Papal States taken over by new nation of Italy

    Papal States taken over by new nation of Italy
    Italy took the Papal States into their newly formed nation. This was done after the Franco-Prussian war had happened. For this event, I'm using a map of the Papal States as they show where this took place and how they fit into the nation of Italy.
  • Failure of First Italo-Ethiopian War with the Battle of Adowa (Adwa

    Failure of First Italo-Ethiopian War with the Battle of Adowa (Adwa
    The First Italo-Ethiopian War was a war fought between Italy and Ethiopia, which was fought over disagreements within the Treaty of Wuchale. Italy got destroyed within the Battle of Adowa against the Ethiopians due to the support that Ethiopia got from France and Russia. For this event, I'm using an illustrated picture of the battle as it demonstrates what it was like.
  • Italy invades and takes over Libya

    Italy invades and takes over Libya
    Italy attempted to invade and take the province of Libya from Turkey in 1911. This conflict was a cause for the Italo-Turkish War between Italy and Turkey. For this event I am using a map that shows the territorial changes of Libya.
  • Mussolini begins work as editor for the Socialist Party newspaper Avanti

    Mussolini begins work as editor for the Socialist Party newspaper Avanti
    Mussolini landed a job within working for a newspaper for socialists within Italy entitled Avanti! Mussolini had the great power of influence through having this position. An example of this was during the Red Week of Italy when he persuaded a labour union to strike throughout his articles. I'm using the newspaper Avanti! for a picture as it shows the actual newspaper he worked for.
  • Mussolini kicked out of Socialist Party for pro-nationalistic sentiments regarding WWI

    Mussolini kicked out of Socialist Party for pro-nationalistic sentiments regarding WWI
    During the first World War, Mussolini saw an opportunity for Italy to intervene within the war, and expressed this opinion in public through his popularity as a socialist. As a result, many socialists conflicted with him saying that these weren't socialistic views. This caused him to be kicked out of the Socialist Party. I'm using a picture of the socialist party symbol to show what he was a part of.
  • Fascio di Combattimento formed in Milan

    Fascio di Combattimento formed in Milan
    The Fascio di Combattimento was an organization with Fascist ideals that was created by Mussolini in 1914. I'm using an image of the symbol of Fascio di Combattimento to show what it was like.
  • Treaty of London

    Treaty of London
    This was a treaty kept secret from the public and was between Italy and the Triple Entente, signed in London. The treaty said that Italy would switch sides in WWI from the Triple Alliance to the Triple Entente. I'm using a map that shows the different alliances and groups and sides within WWI
  • Beginning of Biennio Rosso

    Beginning of Biennio Rosso
    Due to the rough economy that followed WWI within Italy, the nation was in a bad place after the war. This led to the Biennio Rosso, a two year period of Fascist revolution and social unrest that was eventually led by Mussolini. This is an image that was taken during Biennio Rosso
  • D’Annunzio takes Fiume

    D’Annunzio takes Fiume
    Gabriele D'Annunzio was a Italian General in the military. He raided Fiume with soldiers and later granted in independence after taking it. A map of Fiume is being used to represent the territory it is and how it fit into Italy
  • Mussolini forms alliance with Giolitti

    Mussolini forms alliance with Giolitti
    Giovanni Giolitti was the Italian Prime Minister for a total of 5 times. Fearful of Communism affecting Italy, he gave in and was in allowance of the rise of Fascism. He didn't try to defy them at all. For this picture, I'm using a photo of who Giolitti was.
  • Mussolini forms the PNF (Fascist Party) and is elected its leader

    Mussolini forms the PNF (Fascist Party) and is elected its leader
    The PNF was the Fascist Party within Italy at the time. Forming the party, Mussolini was also elected it's leader, helping him lead the March on Rome. I'm using the symbol of PNF to represent the group as the photo of this event.
  • March on Rome and Mussolini becomes Prime Minister

    March on Rome and Mussolini becomes Prime Minister
    On October 28th of 1922, Mussolini, along with members of the Fascist party and Fascist soldiers, marched within Rome to demonstrate Fascism. This resulted in Mussolini being appointed the next prime minister of Italy on the following day. I'm using an actual picture from the March on Rome to represent the event.
  • Acerbo Law passed

    Acerbo Law passed
    This law stated that whatever party gained the majority of the votes in the election got 2/3 seats within parliament. This was done to help the Fascist party, which had the greatest amount of votes at the time. For this event, I am using a picture of Giacomo Acerbo, the man who proposed the law.
  • Corfu Incident

    Corfu Incident
    An incident that occurred when an Italian general, who was resolving a dispute at the time, was murdered, which later turned into a military crisis. To represent the incident, here is a picture of Corbu, to show where this took place and where it fits on the map.
  • Aventine Secession

    Aventine Secession
    The 1/3 of seats that existed in the Parliament for other parties was removed thanks to Mussolini's dictatorship. This photo shows an image of the Italian parliament with Mussolini in it. I figured a image of the parliament would represent this event well.
  • Matteotti Crisis

    Matteotti Crisis
    The result of the assassination of Giacommo Matteotti. This led to scares involving the decline of Fascism. However, Mussolini was able to achieve total dictatorship out of it. This picture is of Giacommo Matteotti, the man that died. This represents the event.
  • Battle for Grain

    Battle for Grain
    The Fascists created a new economic policy entitled Battle for Grain, which increased Italy's economy surrounding grain. This cool stock photo shows Mussolini harvesting grain, helping with his economic policy.
  • Locarno Treaty signed

    Locarno Treaty signed
    The Locarno Treaties were 7 treaties enforcing territorial boundaries after World War 1 had ended. The image shows the Locarno Treaties being signed.
  • Battle for Land and Battle for the Lira

    Battle for Land and Battle for the Lira
    More economic policies implemented by the Fascists to solve issues around land and lira. This image shows the change that happened with working in Italy as a result of the economic policies.
  • Battle for Births

    Battle for Births
    The last of the economic policies. This one surrounded increasing population of Italy to help the economy. The image shows lots of little, new, Italian babies born as a result of the battle for births
  • Kellogg-Briand Treaty signed

    Kellogg-Briand Treaty signed
    This was an agreement that was created in fear of World War II after the negative effects of World War 1. It stated that war is prohibited. This image shows the pact being signed, which is significant to the event.
  • Lateran Treaty with Pope

    Lateran Treaty with Pope
    This treaty made the Vatican City, an independent state. This was signed between Mussolini and the Pope. This map shows the Vatican City. It's significant as it shows where the independent state is.
  • Abyssinian Crisis

    Abyssinian Crisis
    Italy decided to raid Abyssinia while everyone else was busy with Hitler, this caused a lot of conflicts. This map shows where Abyssinia is for context within Ethiopia.
  • Stresa Front

    Stresa Front
    A treaty signed in Stresa stating that Britain, France, and Italy wouldn't allow Germany to rearm themselves after what had happened in World War 1. This image shows Stresa pinned on a map to show it's location within Italy.
  • Italian involvement with Spanish Civil War

    Italian involvement with Spanish Civil War
    Italy supplied the nationalists within the Spanish Civil War with gear to fend off against the other side. This was successful on Italy's and the nationalists side. This picture is a picture of the Spanish Civil War, which the Italians contributed towards.
  • Rome-Berlin Axis Treaty signed

    Rome-Berlin Axis Treaty signed
    This treaty was made between Italy and Germany to rely on each other as they both had Fascist governments. This photo was taken when it was signed and shows Mussolini next to Hitler as representation of the treaty between them.
  • Munich Conference

    Munich Conference
    This was a conference (held in Munich) that allowed parts of Czechoslovakia to be annexed by Germany. This picture was a photo taken at the Munich Conference.
  • Italy invades Albania

    Italy invades Albania
    Italy invaded Albania. They were successful and Albania was then under the Italian empire. This photo shows where Albania is located on the map.
  • Italy enters WW II on side of Germany

    Italy enters WW II on side of Germany
    Italy decided helping Germany with WWII as a result of the treaty that they made. This image is similar to the one earlier, it once again represents Italy and Germany together.
  • Mussolini brought down by coup during WW II

    Mussolini brought down by coup during WW II
    Mussolini was voted out by his council and stripped of all the good dictator, fascist power that he had only seconds before. This was a result of World War II. This is Mussolini. I felt that he should have a photo since he hasn't been seen within the timeline yet.
  • Mussolini killed

    Mussolini killed
    Due to the Fascist government that Mussolini put Italy under. They executed him, that's how he died. And he died. This photo shows his tomb in present day Italy.