Mussolini and Fascist Italy Timeline

Timeline created by odelliabitti
In History
  • Formation of Independent Italy

    The Risorgimento was a political and social movement. It brought unification to Italy. Nonetheless, its makeup of nonconformists and quarrel with the Popolari brought about a messy regime, making room for the communists and fundamentalists to ascend. This picture was picked as it exhibits the essentialness of Italy turning into a whole nation. Even with the unification, local and ideological contrasts isolated Italy from an all-encompassing alliance.
  • Italy invades and takes over Libya

    The efforts to expand the size of the Italian empire and to curb France's impact in North Africa caused Italy to attack the Turkish province of Libya. This is significant with Italy recanvassing itself as a country, however many, mostly patriots, were upset over the Abyssinian failure. The picture shows an unmistakable difference between the annihilation against Ethiopia and the success against Turkey.
  • Papal States taken over by new nation of Italy

    The Papal States were fused into the Kingdom of Italy. This is noteworthy in indicating that in spite of having command over the papal states, the Pope and Christianity would in any case be a huge contribution towards the nation. The contention shows progression into the years that follow when Mussolini comes to power. The picture shows the country before and after the unification of the papal states with Italy.
  • Failure of First Italo-Ethiopian War w/ the Battle of Adwa (Adowa)

    This war was between Italy and Ethiopia (upheld by the Russian and French) over the Treaty of Wuchale, which Italy made Ethiopia into an Italian protectorate. The Ethiopians had better artillery and many more troops handy which allowed them to beat Italy in the Battle of Adowa. This destroyed Italy's arrangement to grow its domain. This picture shows the amount of a hindrance that Italy was at, as the Ethiopians were more equipped to handle a battle.
  • Mussolini works as editor for Avanti (Socialist Party Newspaper)

    Mussolini was largely against militarism and imperialism but he supported international solidarity. After his arrest for an attempted insurrection, he became n editor for Avanti and through his articles he encouraged lots of violence against the liberal state. This also expelled many pro-royalists and liberals out of the Socialist party. This image depicts an example of what the paper looked like and Mussolini's role in it.
  • D'Annunzio takes Fiume

    Fiume was taken over by an army of 2,000 men led by D'Annunzio and they maintained control over the city for 15 months. This event played a large part in inspiring Mussolini through the tactics they used. The image shows Fiume under the control of D'Annunzio.
  • Mussolini Kicked out of Socialist Party

    Mussolini eventually ended up starting his own newspaper, Il Popolo d'Italia. This is significant as he began protesting the war on Libya but then completely changed his views and was all for WWI and called for a national union. this image depicts the declaration of Mussolini's views and how much they differ from his previous views.
  • Treaty of London

    The Liberal government decided that Italy was to join the war, although many people disagreed. They signed the Treaty and joined WWI on the side of the Triple Entente as they promised to give Italy what they wanted. This map depicts the land that Italy was promised in return and how their empire would expand.
  • Beginning of Biennio Rosso

    The rise in unemployment spiked largely during the war and this caused workers to begin taking militant action, this spanned across two years (1919-20). This is one of the key factors to Mussolini's rise to power as he helped the Liberals put a stop to the violence with more violence. This image shows all the people who violently protested in response to the lack of action taken by the government.
  • Fascio di Combattimento formed in Milan

    A group of 118 men from many varying political backgrounds formed a militia of sorts. Though they had different beliefs, they were strongly united by their hate of the Liberal government. The image depicts the members of the Fascio di Combattimento.
  • Mussolini forms alliance with Giolitti

    Many Liberals were concerned about a Fascist revolution but Mussolini reassured them that it would never happen and they were content where they were. With this reassurance, Giolitti offered the Fascists an electoral alliance. This had a major impact on the influence of the Fascists as they were then recognized as a true political party.
  • Mussolini forms the PNF (Fascist Party) and is elected leader

    The faction leaders were angry at Mussolini so he resigned from the FCC then convinced the Fasci di Combattimento to become the PNF. He then convinced the PNF to elect him as their leader with the promise of ending the truce with the socialists. This image is significant as it depicts the symbol of the PNF and just how large of a role Mussolini's role would be within the group.
  • March on Rome and Mussolini becomes Prime Minister

    By agreeing to the March on Rome, Mussolini appeased his militant supporters. This event fully established the fascist party as the leading party. This is significant as it led to the appointing of Mussolini as Prime Minister by Victor Emmanuel III. The picture shows all the participants in the fascist political party.
  • Acerbo Law Passed

    The Acerbo Law was an electoral law that stated that the party with the most votes would gain 2/3 of the parliament seats. The bill was eventually signed in November which allowed the fascists to gain more than the original 35 seats they started with. This picture shows how much of the government the Fascists could influence.
  • Corfu Incident

    When Greece refused to pay a 50 million lire fine for the murder of an Italian soldier on Greek land, Mussolini pushed for an invasion of Corfu. Since they didn't want to lose the city, Greece paid the fine. This was significant as it allowed Mussolini to become a national hero in the eyes of many Italians, thus giving his party more of an influence over Italy.
  • Matteotti Crisis

    The Matteotti crisis began when Giacomo Matteotti spoke out against the fascist violence during the elections. In June, he was taken and killed. This is significant as it led to the public becoming aware of Mussolini's violent tactics thus resulting in a loss of support for the fascist party. The cartoon illustrates how Mussolini was going to stop the spread of socialism and shut down the party.
  • Aventine Secession

    The media began publicizing Mussolini's involvement in the death of Matteotti and this caused socialists and radical popolari to boycott parliament in hopes of getting the King to dismiss Mussolini. But the King instead blamed the opposition for their behavior. This is significant because it shows how the King's perspective on Mussolini and how his support helped Mussolini gain his power.
  • Battle for Grain

    In response to Italy's poor harvest and increased grain imports, Mussolini launched this campaign in hopes of allowing Italian farmers to grow more cereals so that Italy's dependence on foreign imports would reduce. This was highly significant in Mussolini's plan for Italy to be seen as a great power. This is an image of a Propaganda photo used by Mussolini to promote the Battle for Grain.
  • Locarno Treaty Signed

    Due to poor agricultural output, Mussolini began the battle for grain, to reduce reliance on foreign imports and to encourage farmers to produce more products. The image shows a newspaper reporting on the nationwide phenomenon and battle for grain.
  • Battle for Land and Battle for the Lira

    The Battle for Land was a policy that was created in hopes of increasing Italy's farmland. This was done by draining marshes and swamps which allowed small farms to be established which were publically funded. The Battle for the Lire was an attempt to increase the value of Italy's currency, the lire. The lire was revalued so Italy’s prestige could hold and they could still import coal and iron. This is significant as it shows Mussolini's desire to improve Italy's reputation.
  • Battle for Births

    With the intent to build populace to improve his powers and troops, later on, Mussolini advanced early marriage, urged ladies not to work, and offered prizes to women with the most kids during their lives. This was exceptionally fruitless the same number of women kept on working since men were working in the soldiers. This picture implies Mussolini's endeavors to urge general society to have more children by showing off his own.
  • Kellogg-Briand Treaty signed

    This settlement was a worldwide understanding that the individuals who marked vowed not to utilize war to determine clashes and questions regardless of the cause. The understanding bombed be that as it may, as none of the forces genuinely implemented the particulars of the bargain. This political cartoon expects to show the disappointment of the settlement as it did nothing to keep harmony.
  • Lateran Treaty with Pope

    One of the three Lateran treaties that gave papal sovereignty over Vatican City. As a result, the pope acknowledged the Italian state and its possession of Rome. Consequently, this ended the conflict between the church and state. This is significant as it shows Mussonlini's desire for total control in Italy.
  • Abyssinian Crisis

    This is a coherence of Italy's debilitated pride as they needed to add Abyssinia after their failure in Adowa in 1186. Mussolini used outskirt strife to start the war, which was joined by the Hoare-Laval Pact proposed by Britain and France to segment Abyssinia. This has centrality later on in which points were made to prevent Italy's partnership with Germany, requiring Mussolini against Hitler. The picture portrays plans made to attack.
  • Italy enters WWII on side of Germany

    Italy's fundamental reason for joining the war nearby the Axis powers was to accomplish regional addition in Africa and the Middle East. This is critical as it exhibits Mussolini planning to accomplish his objective of making Italy a worldwide force. This image portrays the companionship and union of Mussolini and Hitler, which along these lines put the nations in these comparing positions to be partners.
  • Mussolini brought down by coup during WWII

    After continuous military setbacks, the Fascist Grand Council voted 19 to 7 to remove Mussolini from power. The following day, the king ordered Mussolini to resign. This is significant as it demonstrates that Mussolini's dictatorship was not as powerful as planned, demonstrated through the ease of his overthrow. The image depicts Mussolini the month during his rescue from the Germans as they helped him escape his enforced isolation from a region in eastern Italy after the coup.
  • Mussolini Killed

    In the wake of being captured the earlier day for attempting to escape with the Germans, a socialist drove gathering of partisans shot Mussolini and his wife. This picture delineates Mussolini alongside other fundamentalist pioneers who were hung in Piazzale Loreto in Milan. This shows the viciousness of the communists, yet the amount of resentment the individuals of Italy had for one-party rule and Mussolini.