Mussolini and Italy

Timeline created by bfh613
In History
  • Formation of an Independent Italy

    Formation of an Independent Italy
    The Risorgimento movement had caused states to merge into an independent Italy. However, the Catholic Church still owned a papal state in Rome. This new merge came with major economic and social differences along the borders.
  • Papal States Taken Over by New Nation of Italy

    Papal States Taken Over by New Nation of Italy
    The Papal States joined later due to the power of the Pope. Italy declared war on the states and fought the Church until the Latern Treaty (1929).
  • Failure of First Italo-Ethiopian War with the Battle of Adowa

    Failure of First Italo-Ethiopian War with the Battle of Adowa
    The Battle of Adowa was the peak in the First Italo-Ethiopian War. Italy lost to the Ethiopian forces supported by Britain and France. This was a failure in Italy's desire for expansion into Africa.
  • Italy Invades and Takes Over Libya

    Italy Invades and Takes Over Libya
    Italy compromised with Libya, promising minerals and water. When they invaded Libya, this also upset the Turks, which started the Italo-Turkish War.
  • Mussolini Begins Work as Editor for the Socialist Party Newspaper "Avanti"

    Mussolini Begins Work as Editor for the Socialist Party Newspaper "Avanti"
    Mussolini is finally introduced into Italy's history. He was a socialist who desired the class division in Italy. He was a reported for the Socialist Party Newspaper, which impacted his popularity greatly.
  • Mussolini Kicked out of Socialist Party for Pro-Nationalistic Sentiments Regarding WWI

    Mussolini Kicked out of Socialist Party for Pro-Nationalistic Sentiments Regarding WWI
    As World War 1 began, this changed Mussolini's perspective, making him favor Italian nationalism. After sharing his perspective, he was kicked out of the socialist party, which led him to form his own based on fascism.
  • Treaty of London

    Treaty of London
    The Treaty of London was based around the formation of the Entente powers, which also included France, the United Kingdom and Russia. Italy denied this and joined the Central Powers, composed of Germany and Austria–Hungary.
  • Beginning of "Biennio Rosso"

    Beginning of "Biennio Rosso"
    The era of "Biennio Rosso" was a period of communism rising in Italy. Along with these communist views, fascism was also rising. The Biennio Rosso allowed fascism to obtain a supported front of followers.
  • Fascio di Combattimento Formed in Milan

    Fascio di Combattimento Formed in Milan
    Mussolini finally gave title to his fascism-based political group, called "Fascio di Combattimento." Socialists who were strong followers of Mussolini joined in as support.
  • D’Annunzio takes Fiume

    D’Annunzio takes Fiume
    Gabriele D'Annunzio was an Italian soldier during World War 1. He decided to capture the city of Fiume, which was offered in the Treaty of London. D’Annunzio grew to be one of Mussolini's many followers.
  • Mussolini Forms Alliance with Giolitti

    Mussolini Forms Alliance with Giolitti
    Giolitti was head of the Italian government, which drew Mussolini's attention. They formed an alliance to break down the socialist party.
  • Mussolini forms the PNF

    Mussolini forms the PNF
    The PNF was founded on November 9th, 1921, formed by Mussolini (the party leader). As Mussolini elected leader, he had political control in the government.
  • March on Rome and Mussolini becomes Prime Minister

    March on Rome and Mussolini becomes Prime Minister
    On October 29th, 1922, Mussolini was offered the role of Prime Minister, ruling aside the king. He accepted and built his popularity.
  • Acerbo Law passed

    Acerbo Law passed
    The Acerbo Law was passed in November, this gave two thirds of the seats in parliament to the most popular party. This tactic was used by Mussolini to further grow his fascist ideas. This image in Giacomo Acerbo, the man who proposed the law.
  • Corfu Incident

    Corfu Incident
    On August 29th, Italians were murdered in Greece, which upset Mussolini. He wanted to show the Italian power and to gain more support.
  • Matteotti Crisis

    Matteotti Crisis
    A political member talked against Mussolini, criticizing his power. Mussolini later sent him to his death, which caused Mussolini to receive backlash.
  • Aventine Secession

    Aventine Secession
    Following the Matteotti Crisis, politicians left the fascist party and attempt to remove Mussolini out of power.
  • Italian involvement with Spanish Civil War

    Italian involvement with Spanish Civil War
    Mussolini met with politicians and forces in Spain, signing an agreement to assist them in their war. This move was made to help his reputation in Italy.
  • Battle for Grain

    Battle for Grain
    Mussolini encouraged landowners to increase their production of grain, which backfired as other resources decreased in quantity.
  • Locarno Treaty signed

    Locarno Treaty signed
    Italy signed this treaty for more land, as they were promised more.
  • Battle for Land and Battle for the Lira

    Battle for Land and Battle for the Lira
    These battles aimed to grow the agricultural land and to revalue the Lira. This caused fluctuation in the economy and the clearing of swamp land.
  • Battle for Births

    Battle for Births
    This "battle" was created to increase the birth rate, so men could have jobs and go off to war, rather than women. This backfired, decreasing the birth rate.
  • Kellogg-Briand Treaty signed

    Kellogg-Briand Treaty signed
    This treaty was signed by 15 nations to help preserve peace. Mussolini signed with the main motive, to create a better reputation.
  • Lateran Treaty with Pope

    Lateran Treaty with Pope
    Mussolini signed this treaty with the Pope to gain his support of the Fascist Party. He offered Vatican City for a papal state.
  • Abyssinian Crisis

    Abyssinian Crisis
    Italy invaded Abyssinia. This caused the Kellogg-Briand treaty to be broken and the League of Nations to limit the economic ties.
  • Stresa Front

    Stresa Front
    This agreement confirmed the Locarno Treaties between France, Britain, and Italy.
  • Rome-Berlin Axis Treaty signed

    Rome-Berlin Axis Treaty signed
    Mussolini created an alliance with Hitler to link the two fascist countries.
  • Munich Conference

    Munich Conference
    This conference allowed Hitler to create an agreement to annex certain cities in Czechoslovakia. The members of this conference believed this would help sustain peace.
  • Italy invades Albania

    Italy invades Albania
    Italy invades Albania to control the Balkan countries. King Zog was overruled and Albania was captured successfully.
  • Italy enters WWII on the side of Germany

    Italy enters WWII on the side of Germany
    Mussolini teams up with Hitler and declares war on Great Britain and France. This caused major disturbance within Italy and the media.
  • Mussolini brought down by coup during WWII

    Mussolini brought down by coup during WWII
    As the alliance between Nazi Germany and Italy fell, Mussolini was blamed for these failures, which led him exiled out of power.
  • Mussolini's Death

    Mussolini's Death
    Mussolini and his mistress were captured and killed after his arrest.