Renaissance/Reformation/Scientific Revolution Timeline Project

Timeline created by karakithcart
  • Jul 20, 1303

    Petrarch

    Petrarch
    The Italian poet Petrarch is best known for the Iyric poetry of his Canzoniere. He is considered one of the greatest love poets of world literature. A scholar of classical antiquity, he was the founder of humanism. Petrarch has been called the first modern man.
  • 1440

    Printing Revolution

    Printing Revolution
    "Goldsmith and inventor Johannes Gutenberg was a political exile from Mainz, Germany when he began experimenting with printing in Strasbourg, France in 1440. He returned to Mainz several years later and by 1450, had a printing machine perfected and ready to use commercially: The Gutenberg press."
  • Mar 6, 1475

    Michelangelo

    Michelangelo
    "Michelangelo was the best painter and sculptor of the Italian Renaissance. He brought realism into art and challenged the old way of thinking by showing people that painting the human body was not a sin. This encouraged the new way of thinking and a new way of presenting art."
  • Feb 7, 1478

    Thomas More

    Thomas More
    "Thomas More wrote Utopia in 1516, which was the forerunner of the Utopian literary genre. More served as an important counselor to King Henry VIII of England, serving as his key counselor in the early 1500s, but after he refused to accept the king as head of the Church of England, he was tried for treason and beheaded. More is noted for coining the word "Utopia," in reference to an ideal political system in which policies are governed by reason.
  • Nov 1, 1478

    Inquisition

    Inquisition
    " The Inquisition was a powerful office set up within the Catholic Church to root out and punish heresy throughout Europe and the Americas. Beginning in the 12th century and continuing for hundreds of years, the Inquisition is infamous for the severity of its tortures and its persecution of Jews and Muslims."
  • Apr 6, 1483

    Raphael

    Raphael
    " Raphael was one of the most talented painters of the Italian Renaissance. His work is admired for its clarity of form and ease of composition and for its visual achievement of the Neoplatonic ideal of human grandeur. He was also a popular architect during his lifetime."
  • Nov 10, 1483

    Martin Luther

    Martin Luther
    "Martin Luther is one of the most influential figures in Western history. His writings were responsible for fractionalizing the Catholic Church and sparking the Protestant Reformation. ... Although Luther was critical of the Catholic Church, he distanced himself from the radical successors who took up his mantle."
  • Jul 10, 1509

    John Calvin

    John Calvin
    "John Calvin is known for his influential Institutes of the Christian Religion, which was the first systematic theological treatise of the reform movement. He stressed the doctrine of predestination, and his interpretations of Christian teachings, known as Calvinism, are characteristic of Reformed churches."
  • 1543

    Heliocentric Theory

    Heliocentric Theory
    "Copernican heliocentrism is the name given to the astronomical model developed by Nicolaus Copernicus and published in 1543. This model positioned the Sun near the center of the Universe, motionless, with Earth and the other planets orbiting around it in circular paths, modified by epicycles, and at uniform speeds."
  • 1545

    Council of Trent

    Council of Trent
    " The Council of Trent was the ecumenical council of the Roman Catholic Church that convened from 1545 to 1563. In response to the Protestant Reformation, key statements and clarifications regarding church doctrine, teaching, and practice were prepared."
  • 1561

    Scientific Method

    Scientific Method
    "The scientific method was used even in ancient times, but it was first documented by England's Sir Francis Bacon who set up inductive methods for scientific inquiry."
  • Jan 22, 1561

    Francis Bacon

    Francis Bacon
    "Francis Bacon served as attorney general and Lord Chancellor of England, resigning amid charges of corruption. His more valuable work was philosophical. Bacon took up Aristotelian ideas, arguing for an empirical, inductive approach, known as the scientific method, which is the foundation of modern scientific inquiry."
  • 1564

    William Shakespeare

    William Shakespeare
    "William Shakespeare has become an important landmark in English literature. He is also credited with being one of the first writers to use any modern prose in his writings; in fact, the growth of the popularity of prose in Shakespeare's time is clearly shown as he used prose progressively more throughout his career."
  • Feb 15, 1564

    Galileo

    Galileo
    "Galileo devised his own telescope, in which he observed the moon and found Venus had phases like the moon, proving it rotated around the sun. Galileo played a major role in the scientific revolution and earned the moniker "The Father of Modern Science."
  • Isaac Newton

    Isaac Newton
    "Isaac Newton is considered one of the most important scientists in history. During his lifetime Newton developed the theory of gravity, the laws of motion (which became the basis for physics), a new type of mathematics called calculus, and made breakthroughs in the area of optics such as the reflecting telescope."