Romantic

Timeline created by zaikeise
  • Nicolo Paganini

    1782-1840
    Virtuoso violinist, big influence on Franz Liszt
  • Gioacchino Rossini

    1792-1868
    The most important opera composer of the early 19th century
  • Franz Schubert

    1797-1828
    Austrian composer of Early Romantic era
  • Hector Berlioz

    1803-1869
    French composer and conductor. Very popular for his Symphonie Fantastique
  • Fanny Mendelssohn

    1805-1847
    Female German pianist and composer of the Romantic period; Lots of her music had to be published under her brother's name.
  • Frederic Chopin

    1810-1849
    Polish pianist and composer; Mainly known for his piano compositions
  • Robert Schumann

    1810-1856
    German composer and pianist
  • Richard Wagner

    1813-1883
    German composer and conductor
  • Giuseppe Verdi

    1813-1901
    Italian opera composer
  • Clara Schumann

    1819-1896
    Female German composer and pianist
  • Start of Romantic Period

  • Virtuosos

    A musician who specialized in one instrument and dazzled audiences with displays of technical mastery.
  • Programmatic Music

    A Programmatic work recounts a narrative or sequence of events
  • Etudes

    Studies, usually focusing on technicality or expression, for one particular instrument. Piano etudes were most popular. Chopin and Liszt made etudes worthy of concert performance
  • Lied

    A song for singer and piano
  • Character piece

    Depicts or suggests a mood, personality, or scene. One movement piece for solo piano
  • Tone poem

    One movement orchestral programmatic work
  • Orchestra

    The size of the orchestra increased dramatically, with forty players at the start of the century, with almost ninety by its end.
  • Conductors

    Originally the orchestra was led by a harpsichord, or by the leader of the violins. Now, a conductor used a baton to beat time and cue entrances. The conductor also indicated tempo and shaped musical phrasing.
  • Idee Fixe

    Fixed Idea. A melody used in each movement. First used by Berlioz.
  • Rubato

    Speeding up or slowing down of the tempo to be expressive
  • Johannes Brahms

    1833-1897
    German composer and pianist
  • Mazurka

    a Polish folk dance in triple meter often with a heavy accent on the second or third beat of each measure
  • Tuba

    Bass brass instrument invented by Wilhelm Wieprecht and Johann Moritz. Became the bass of the orchestral brass section.
  • Georges Bizet

    1838-1875
    French composer of Romantic Era
  • Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky

    1840-1893
    Russian composer, one of the most influential of the Romantic Era
  • Saxophone

    A woodwind instrument made out of brass created by Adolphe Sax.
  • Recital

    A solo concert in a large hall. Term coined by Franz Liszt, who was the firs pianist to give these concerts.
  • Bel Canto

    "Beautiful singing" coined by Rossini. Very dramatic singing style.
  • Nationalism

    Inspiring patriotic sentiments. Many composers wrote music symbolic of their nation, with other composers critiqued for not being nationalistic enough
  • Antonin Dvorak

    1841-1904
    Czech composer, organist, and music theorist
  • New York Philharmonic

    founded in 1842
  • Franz Liszt

    1843-1907
    Hungarian composer and pianist; considered one of the greatest pianists ever
  • Clarinet

    Boehm system clarinet was patented. This is the system we use today.
  • Gustav Mahler

    1860-1911
    Austro-Bohemian composer
  • Claude Debussy

    1862-1918
    French composer and pianist
  • Richard Strauss

    1864-1949
    German composer
  • End of Romantic Era