Stages of the Human Life

Timeline created by maggie0723
  • Infancy

    Birth - 12 mos. : In this stage, the major emphasis is on the mother's positive and loving care for the child, with a big emphasis on visual contact and touch. If we pass successfully through this period of life, we will learn to trust that life is basically okay and have basic confidence in the future. If we fail to experience trust and are constantly frustrated because our needs are not met, we may end up with a deep-seated feeling of worthlessness and a mistrust of the world in general.
  • Early Childhood (Toddler)

    Early Childhood (Toddler)
    18 Months to 3 Years : During this stage we learn to master skills for ourselves. Not only do we learn to walk, talk and feed ourselves, we are learning finer motor development as well as the much appreciated toilet training. Here we have the opportunity to build self-esteem and autonomy as we gain more control over our bodies and acquire new skills, learning right from wrong.
  • Childhood

    3 - 5 years old: During this period we experience a desire to copy the adults around us and take initiative in creating play situations. We make up stories with Barbie's and Ken's, toy phones and miniature cars, playing out roles in a trial universe, experimenting with the blueprint for what we believe it means to be an adult. We also begin to use that wonderful word for exploring the world—"WHY?"
  • School Age (Late Childhood)

    School Age (Late Childhood)
    6 - 12 years old : Here, we are capable of learning, creating and accomplishing numerous new skills and knowledge, thus developing a sense of industry. This is also a very social stage of development and if we experience unresolved feelings of inadequacy and inferiority among our peers, we can have serious problems in terms of competence and self-esteem. As the world expands a bit, our most significant relationship is with the school and neighborhood. Parents are still important though.
  • Adolescence or Puberty

    Adolescence or Puberty
    12 to 18 Years Old: As we experience bodily changes, from here on out development also depends primarily upon what we do. And while adolescence is a stage at which we are neither a child nor an adult, life is definitely getting more complex as we attempt to find our own identity, struggle with social interactions, and grapple with moral issues. “The main questions being asked are "Who am I? Where am I going in life?”.
  • Young Adulthood

    Young Adulthood
    18 to 35 years old: In the initial stage of being an adult we seek one or more companions and love. As we try to find mutually satisfying relationships, primarily through marriage, work and friends, we generally also begin to start a family, though this age has been pushed back for many couples who today don't start their families until their late thirties.
  • Middle Adulthood

    Middle Adulthood
    35 to 55 or 65 years old : Now work is most crucial. Erikson observed that middle-age is when we tend to be occupied with creative and meaningful work and with issues surrounding our family. Also, middle adulthood is when we can expect to "be in charge," the role we've longer envied. The significant task is to perpetuate culture and transmit values of the culture through the family and working to establish a stable environment. Significant relationships are in family and workplace.
  • Old Age and Death

    Old Age and Death
    65 to 80 until Death: Much of life is preparing for the middle adulthood stage and the last stage is recovering from it. Perhaps that is because as older adults we can often look back on our lives with happiness and are content, feeling fulfilled with a deep sense that life has meaning and we've made a contribution to life, Our strength comes from a wisdom that the world is very large and we now have a detached concern for the whole of life, accepting death as the completion of life.