Tarea de estudios sociales

Timeline created by stevenjimbo20
In History
  • THE INDEPENDENCE IN LATIN AMERICA

    The independence of Latin America was the historical process of the
    rebellion of its inhabitants against Spanish colonial rule and the formation of
    independent national states.
  • CAUSES OF LATIN AMERICA INDEPENDENCE

    Economic.
    The Bourbon reforms drowned the economy of the
    colonies by preventing intraregional trade and imposing excessive
    taxation.
  • THE LACK OF A KING, OCCASION OF AMERICAN BOARDS

    Quito was to be the first in the history of
    Spanish America to proclaim, on August 10, 1809, a government of its own,
    not appointed by the Crown
  • FROM THE BOARDS TO THE WARS OF INDEPENDENCE

    FROM THE BOARDS TO THE WARS OF INDEPENDENCE
    The Spanish authorities fiercely repressed the first of the cities to form a
    Sovereign Junta. They tried to prevent the contagion.
  • 5. HAITI AND SANTO DOMINGO

    5. HAITI AND SANTO DOMINGO
    François Dominique Toussaint-Louverture took charge of a slave revolt on
    the French side of the island of Hispaniola and led it between 1793 and 1802.
  • MEXICAN INDEPENDENCE

    MEXICAN INDEPENDENCE
    The priest Miguel Hidalgo was placed in front of the Indians and
    peasants and launched, as we saw, the "cry of independence" in the
    town of Dolores.
  • CENTRAL AMERICA

    Chiapas, Soconusco, El Salvador,
    Honduras, Nicaragua, Los Altos, and Costa Rica) declared its independence
    from the Spanish Crown (15-09-1821) and, shortly after, annexed Mexico to
    defend itself better from Spain
  • INDEPENDENCE OF CUBA

    José Martí organizes the Cuban Revolutionary Party and looks for the old leaders of the revolution, unifies the different currents, builds a small army, and disembarks in Cuba.
  • THE CASE OF PUERTO RICO

    On September 23, 1868, the scream of Lares, of independence against
    Spain, was produced.
  • BRAZIL: MONARCHICAL INDEPENDENCE

    BRAZIL: MONARCHICAL INDEPENDENCE
    When Napoleon invaded Portugal, Juan VI took refuge in Brazil (1807) and
    later promoted a legal reform (1815) by declaring Brazil as the territorial base
    of the Empire of Brazil, Portugal, and the Algarve.
  • INDEPENDENCE OF SOUTH AMERICA

    When Fernando VII returned to the throne in 1814, patriotic military campaigns subsisted in Venezuela and the Río de la Plata. In the first, Simón Bolívar -Member of the Caraqueña boards of 1811- was named new military leader.
  • NEW GRANADA AND VENEZUELA

    Morillo soon resumed control of Venezuela and New Granada. But, in 1817,
    Bolívar, Piar, Páez, and other Venezuelan leaders reactivated the war. Bolivar
    faced and defeated Morillo in Calabozo, in 1818.
  • INDEPENDENCE OF ECUADOR

    INDEPENDENCE OF ECUADOR
    Let us remember how the independence of Guayaquil was proclaimed (9-10-1820), the arrival of the patriot army commanded by Antonio José de Sucre, and its triumph in Pichincha (24-05-1822), which culminated the independence of the Great Colombia.
  • ARGENTINA, PARAGUAY, AND URUGUAY

    ARGENTINA, PARAGUAY, AND URUGUAY
    The first Junta de Buenos Aires (25-051810) organized three military campaigns to subdue the Spanish forces in the interior, but they were not successful. However, a revolution spontaneously broke out in Asuncion (14-05-1811), and the resulting government-held independent. This is how the Republic of Paraguay was created.
  • INDEPENDENCE OF CHILE

    INDEPENDENCE OF CHILE
    San Martin was not discouraged and decided to continue with his plans, only now he first had to liberate Chile. For that he spent years making weapons, bullets and all kinds of equipment, and organizing
    the Army of the Andes.
  • PERU

    PERU
    The priest Miguel Hidalgo was placed in front of the Indians and peasants and launched, as we saw, the "cry of independence" in the town of Dolores.
  • SAN MARTIN AND BOLIVAR

    SAN MARTIN AND BOLIVAR
    In their meetings in Guayaquil (26 and 27- 07-1822), Bolivar, liberator, and
    president of Gran Colombia, and San Martín, protector of Peru, talked about what
    was missing to complete the freedom of America
  • END OF THE WAR OF INDEPENDENCE

    END OF THE WAR OF INDEPENDENCE
    In 1823, Bolívar was authorized by the Congress of the Gran Colombia to take command of an expedition to Peru. In September of that year
  • vocabulary

  • vocabulary

    Ben / bow down: Make someone give up on one purpose and lend
    to another.
    5. Accouterments: additional items of dress or equipment.