The Baroque Era

Timeline created by caroline.rollwitz
In History
  • First public opera house opens in Venice, Italy

  • Period:
    1550
    to

    Emilio de'Cavalieri

    based in Rome, Italy, composed the first surviving play that was set to music in its entirety, Rappresentatione di'Anima, , thus becoming one of the founders of opera, he was the first to publish music with a figured bass
  • Period:
    1551
    to

    Giulio Caccini

    one of the founders of opera, wrote "Le nuove musiche," his book was a book of songs as well as a description of this new singing style, wrote 4 stage works and more than 75 songs or arias
  • Period:
    1567
    to

    Claudio Moneverdi

    known as the most important composer from the early baroque era, he composed 8 madrigal books, vespers, and 13 operas, one of the inventors of seconda pratica (second practice)
  • Period:
    1570
    to

    Salmone Rossi

    Italian composer, one of the earliest to use trio sonata texture, composed 4 books of sonatas and dances for string ensemble, Jewish Psalms, dramatic music
  • Period: to

    Orlando Gibbons

    English composer, composed Anglican Church anthems, one of the leading composer in the 17th century in England, he composed sacred choral music, anthems, and consort music
  • Period: to

    Girolamo Frescobaldi

    European composer, the first European composer to have a focus in instrumental music, most influential keyboard composer in the Early Baroque era, he was the first modern keyboard virtuoso and composer, he composed instrumental, sacred, and secular music
  • Period: to

    Heinrich Schutz

    most important German composer from the Middle Baroque era, composed the first German opera, composed madrigals and other choral works,
  • Period: to

    The Early Baroque

    Beginnings of a functional tonality, basso continuo for harmonic foundations, opera invented in Florence, Italy, secular art music rose to popularity, music conveys a predominate emotion, performers meant to show these said emotions, courts and churches became primary places for musical production, textures became more complex
  • Period: to

    Jacques Champion de Chambonnieres

    French composer, harpsichordist, and dancer, one of the greatest composers of French harpsichord music, composed 2 volumes of harpsichord pieces
  • Period: to

    Francesco Cavalli

    Italian composer, singer, teacher, and organist, composed around 34 operas, cantatas, sacred vocal works, and arias, the leading composer in Venice after Monteverdi
  • Period: to

    Giacomo Carissimi

    the leading composer of Roman oratorios and cantatas, composed a mass, motets, oratorios, and 150+ cantatas
  • Period: to

    The Thirty Years War

    religious war between the Protestant and Roman Catholics, originated in Germany then went around Europe turning into a fight for power between the two groups
  • Period: to

    Barbara Strozzi

    a virtuosic singer, known composer of cantatas, composed madrigals and arias as wells
  • Period: to

    Giovanni Legrenzi

    Italian organist and composer, composed 19 operas, sacred and secular vocal works, and 7 oratorios, used short arias in his operas
  • Period: to

    Jean-Baptist Lully

    Italian but culturally French, established French opera and Ballet, composed 16 operas, 30+ ballets, motets, and instrumental works, he was a violinist and dancer
  • Period: to

    Dieterich Buxtehude

    German organist and composer, composed 100+ sacred vocal works, 100+ organ works, and other instrumental works, known for being important for organ music, was the most important composer before J. S. Bach
  • Period: to

    Marc-Antonie Charpentier

    Composed French opera, 11 masses, magnificants, motets, antiphons, psalms, oratorios, aris, cantatas, operas, incidental musical, and instrumental works
  • Period: to

    John Blow

    English composer, composed instrumental anthems, sacred works, over 100 songs, duets and trios, he was an organist
  • Period: to

    The Middle Baroque

    counterpoint used in fugues, chaconnes, and passacaglias, instrumental music was growing (concerto, sonata, trios), Italian spread throughout europe, ballets popular in France, secular and sacred music both equally popular, first public opera house opens in Venice
  • Period: to

    Arcangelo Corelli

    Italian composer, important for his sonatas and concertos, influential violinist during the Baroque era
  • Period: to

    Johann Pachelbel

    German organist and composer, leading composer during this era, composed litugical organ music, Protestant church music, 2 masses, and other keyboard works
  • Period: to

    Giuseppe Torelli

    composed 5 collections of chamber works, influenced the development of concertos, composed for trumpet and strings being a virtuosic violinist himself
  • Period: to

    Henry Purcell

    Important English composer, composed anthems, songs, sacred music, incidental music, keyboard works, and 6 stage works
  • Period: to

    Alessandro Scarlatti

    Italian composer and teacher, composed many operas, cantatas, serenatas, oratorios, arias, motets, keyboard works, concertos, theoretical and pedagogical works, and 10 masses. when he died, the Baroque opera did too
  • Period: to

    Francois Couperin

    French composer and keyboardist, known as a very important French composer, composed chamber music, 27 sets of keyboard works, and sacred/secular vocal works
  • Period: to

    Antonio Caldara

    Prolific Italian composer, composed oratorios, vocal works, a few sonatas, and 90 stage works, his main focus was in his orchestration
  • Period: to

    Antonio Vivaldi

    Italian composer important to orchrestral music. He composed 425 concerti grossi, 60 ripieni concerti, sonatas, psalms, masses, motets, cantatas, oratorios, 45 operas, 350 solo concerti, and serenatas
  • Period: to

    Johann Sebastian Bach

    German composer, known as the most iconic baroque composer, master at counterpoint, composed masses, magnificat, suites, Passions, concertos, keyboard works, chorales, sonatas, fugues, motets, and 205+ cantatas that were mostly Lutheran
  • Period: to

    Georg Friedrich Handel

    German musician residing in England, invented the English oratorio, composed 46 dramatic works, odes, Italian cantatas, songs, suites, sonatas, keyboard works, concertos, overtures, duets/trios with basso continuo, Latin/English church music, and oratorios
  • Period: to

    Domenico Scarlatti

    Composed for keyboard as well as a keyboard virtuoso, composed 5550+ harpsichord sonatas, vocal works, keyboard exercises, operas, and cantatas, had a progressive style, served for Portuguese and Spanish royal families
  • Period: to

    The Late Baroque

    instrumental music continues to rise in popularity, serious opera, opera seria, is new primary form of public entertainment, other public concerts became popular, castrati and other vitruosic performer became successful, composers started to live off their earnings, court was the main patron to the arts, opera was a big money maker, seventh chords became a functional harmony,
  • Period: to

    Giovanni Battista Pergolesi

    Galant Neapolitan composer, composed 10+ dramatic works, instrumental works, sacred vocal works, chamber cantatas, and arias, composed La seva padrona, an intermezzo