The Development of Art from the Italian Renaissance to Now

Timeline created by ashleywallock
  • Period:
    Jan 1, 1348
    Dec 31, 1517

    Italian Renaissance

    All about Italy (hence the era). Only Italian Catholics were 'right', only ones who were able to read the scriptures, etc.
    Ended with Martin Luther's 95 Theses.
  • Jan 1, 1400

    The Arnolfini Wedding by Van Eyck

    The Arnolfini Wedding by Van Eyck
  • Period:
    Jan 1, 1400

    Northern Renaissance

    Council of Trent- Catholics actually open-mindedly considered what Martin Luther was saying.
    Artists: Bruegel; Durer; Grunewald.
    Reformers vs. Humanists.
  • Apr 18, 1506

    Foundation Laid at St. Peter's Basilica

    Counter Reformation during the Baroque Era begins at St. Peter's.
  • Oct 31, 1517

    Martin Luther posts his 95 Theses

    The Day the Universe Changed.
    Martin Luther was born in 1483 in Germany. Nicknamed “The Philosopher”. Teacher of the Gospel. Founder of the Lutheran/Protestant faith. Defined ‘temptation’ as the ‘fight for faith’.
  • The Ecstasy of St. Teresa by Bernini

    The Ecstasy of St. Teresa by Bernini
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    Baroque Era

    Counter Reformation –Italy
    Consolidation of Absolute Monarchies
    New interest in Nature and a General Broadening of Intellectual Horizons
    Artists: Bernini; Caravaggio; Velasquez; El Greco; Rubens-one of the most prolific artists in Western History.
  • Last of the Religious Wars Ended

  • The Swing by Fragonard

    The Swing by Fragonard
  • Period: to

    Rococo Era

    All about the aristocracy.
    Painters: Fragonard. Watteau. Chardin= commissioned to paint the lower class.
  • Louis XIV Dies

    Marks the end of the Baroque Era
  • Period: to

    Classical Era

    Music.- Time Period emphasizing PERFECTION IN FORM
    - Pianoforte invented
  • Period: to


  • Period: to


    Transition between Classical era and Romanticism. 9 Symphonies. Works to Know: “5th Symphony” (The Hand of Fate Knocking at the Door) --- “I will take Fate by the throat and I will shake it.”. “Symphony #9” (Ode to Joy). DEAF. Edward Frederick Schiller - wrote lyrics to Ode to Joy.
  • Napoleon Crossing the Alps at St. Bernard by David

    Napoleon Crossing the Alps at St. Bernard by David
  • Period: to


    Two Contributing Factors: 1) Excavations at Pompeii and 2) the French Revolution.
    Painters: David - painted a lot of propaganda for Napoleon.
  • French Revolution

    The Storming of the Bastille and soon after Women's Raid on Versailles.
    Mary Wollstonecraft - A Vindication of the Rights of Women.
  • Los Caprichos by Francisco Goya

    Los Caprichos by Francisco Goya
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    Romantic Era

    Not afraid to be graphic.
    Painters: Delacroix - premier Romantic Era painter. Francisco Goya. Gericault - student of Delacroix. Vermeer; Rembrandt.
    Composers: Beethoven - Romantic pioneer. Chopin. Liszt - History's largest piano playing hands. Paganini.
    Poets: William Blake. William Wordsworth. George Gordon. John Keats.
  • Heiligenstadt Testament

    Heilegenstadt Testament - written by Beethoven about how he should leave this existence, about how he’s isolated, about how he can’t hear. He describes his talent and he realizes he can't waste his talent.
  • Napoleon Deposed

    Marked the End of Neoclassicism
  • Courbet’s Pavillion of Realism

  • Marx’s Communist Manifesto

    first systematic statement of modern socialist doctrine
  • The Absinthe Drinker by Degas

    The Absinthe Drinker by Degas
  • Period: to


    Painters: Courbet - Father of Realism; portrays realities of rural life. Manet - portrays realities of urban life. Degas. -Themes/Characteristics
    1- Nature
    2- Emotion
    3- Noble Savage (primitive=pure)
    4- Individualism (subjectivity)
    5- Creed: “Any Place but here, anytime but now.”
    6- Interest in the Occult (Occult=spiritualism/ghosts)
    7- Isolation and the Inner Journey
    8- Nationalism
  • Darwin’s On the Origin of Species

  • Impression: Sunrise by Monet

    Impression: Sunrise by Monet
  • Period: to


    What the eye sees.
    Artists: Monet - father of Impressionism. Renoir; Morisot; Cassatt; Rodin; Claudel.
    Composers: Debussy and Strauss.
  • Starry Night by Van Gogh

    Starry Night by Van Gogh
  • Period: to


    If you want the real thing, take a picture.
    Artists: Cezanne; Van Gogh; Munch (expressionism); Matisse (Fauvism).
  • Period: to


    Romantic-like composers: Rachmaninoff and Elgar.
  • Girl Before a Mirror by Picasso

    Girl Before a Mirror by Picasso
  • Period: to


    Quality is less significant than being the first to do something. Names to know: Freud, T.S. Elliot.
    Artists: Picasso and Braque (Cubism). Dali (Surrealism).
  • Archduke Franz Ferdinand Assassinated

    Trigger to WWI
  • Period: to


    War to End All Wars
  • Sinking of the Lusitania

    Americans killed on-board. Causes America to enter WWI.
  • The Treaty of Versailles Signed

    Ends WWI.
  • Stock Market Crash

    Started the Great Depression
  • Period: to

    Great Depression

    Dorothea Lange - photographer of the people of the Great Depression.
  • The Bombing of Guernica

    Killing just to eliminate life. Inspired Dali's 'The Bombing of Guernica'.
  • America Enters WWII

    Also marked as the end of the Great Depression
  • Who's Afraid of Red, Yellow and Blue? by Newmman

    Who's Afraid of Red, Yellow and Blue? by Newmman
  • Period: to