BRAZIL: MONARCHICAL INDEPENDENCEWhen Napoleon invaded Portugal, John VI took refuge in Brazil (1807) and
Later he promoted a legal reform
ARGENTINA, PARAGUAY, AND URUGUAYorganizó tres campañas militares
para someter a las fuerzas españolas en el interior, pero no tuvieron éxito.
Sin embargo, una revolución estalló espontáneamente en Asunción
Mexican IndependenceThe independence of Mexico began on September 16, 1810 and ended on September 27, 1821.
ARGENTINA, PARAGUAY, AND URUGUAYAnd the resulting government-held independent. This is how the Republic of Paraguay was created.
In the Banda Oriental, the rural population rose against the Spanish authorities in
ARGENTINA, PARAGUAY, AND URUGUAYColonel José Artigas commanded the revolutionary troops who
defeated the royalists at the Battle of Las Piedras
INDEPENDENCE OF SOUTH AMERICAWhen Fernando VII returned
to the throne in 1814,
patriotic military campaigns
subsisted in Venezuela and
the Río de la Plata.
1. INDEPENDENCE OF SOUTH AMERICAIt was the greatest force that would leave Spain in the course of the war: 65 main ships, 18 of battle, a ship of the line of 74 guns, 15,000 men,accouterments, and provisions.
BRAZIL: MONARCHICAL INDEPENDENCEby declaring Brazil as a territorial base
of the "Empire of Brazil, Portugal and the Algarve". So, Rio de Janeiro
becomes the seat of an absolute monarchy, as well as those of Europe, and
SOCIAL STUDIES - 9th
it is no longer a colony
ARGENTINA, PARAGUAY, AND URUGUAYAnother federalist initiative was led
by General José de San Martín, who promoted the Congress of Tucumán, which
founded the United Provinces of South America (9-07-1816)
NEW GRANADA AND VENEZUELABolívar, Piar, Páez, and other Venezuelan leaders reactivated the war. Bolivar
faced and defeated Morillo in Calabozo
INDEPENDENCE OF CHILEthe six columns met less
than a month later in the Aconcagua Valley and although it suffered a serious
defeat in Cancha Rayada (19-03-1818),
INDEPENDENCE OF CHILEit triumphed in the decisive battle
of Maipú (5-04-1818), assuring the independence of Chile.
NEW GRANADA AND VENEZUELAque selló la independencia de Nueva Granada.
Un año más de escaramuzas y Morillo y Bolívar firman la Guerra
Tratado de Regularización (27-11-1820), que pone fin al período "Guerra a Muerte". UNA
meses después, el ejército realista fue derrotado en la batalla de Carabobo, victoria final de la independencia de Venezuela (25 de junio de 1821).
INDEPENDENCE OF ECUADORthe arrival of the patriot army commanded by
Antonio José de Sucre, and its triumph in
Mexican IndependenceIndependence took place only when Antonio López de Santa Anna was proclaimed
President of the Republic in 1833 Spain only recognized Mexicans
independence in 1839.
INDEPENDENCE OF ECUADORwhich culminated the independence of the Great Colombia.
Let us remember, also, that Bolivar defeated
the royalist pastures in the battle of
Bomboná, and entered triumphant Quito
THE CASE OF PUERTO RICOOn September 23, 1868, the scream of Lares, of independence against
Spain, was produced. The rebellion is crushed in a short time. Puerto Rico
continues within the Spanish system until the war between EE. UU and
THE CASE OF PUERTO RICOAfter the defeat of this, the island of Puerto Rico happens to be
administered by EE. UU and is currently an associated free state of that
country. Consequently, it is not an independent country
INDEPENDENCE OF CUBAJosé Martí organizes the Cuban revolutionary Party and look for the old leaders of the revolution, unifies the different streams, build a little army, and disembarks in Cuba. Martí dies in one of combat actions.
INDEPENDENCE OF CUBAafter the explosion of the battleship Maine in the port of Havana,
declare war on Spain. US intervention precipitated the Spanish
defeat and Cuba proclaimed its independence in 1899, although it suffered
the American occupation.