Timeline for Mussolini and Fascist Italy

Timeline created by Aiden811
In History
  • Formation of an independent Italy

    Formation of an independent Italy
    After Italian Unification, taking place throughout the 19th century, Italy became an official kingdom in 1861, rather than a collection of states.
  • Papal States taken over by new nation of Italy

    Papal States taken over by new nation of Italy
    After Italy became an officially united kingdom, the spread continued, and it soon claimed over the church states, also known as the Papal States.
  • Failure of First Italo-Ethiopian War with the Battle of Adowa (Adwa

    Failure of First Italo-Ethiopian War with the Battle of Adowa (Adwa
    The Battle of the Adowa was the climax of the First Italo-Ethiopian war, where the Italians lost to the Ethiopian forces, who were supported by Britain and France, and this declined Italian hope ofv expanding into Africa.
  • Italy invades and takes over Libya

    Italy invades and takes over Libya
    Italy invades Libya in order to expand its empire, and to attempt to regain it's global reputation status after the failure of the first Italo-Ethiopian War.
  • Mussolini begins work as editor for the Socialist Party newspaper Avanti

    Mussolini begins work as editor for the Socialist Party newspaper Avanti
    After his WWI activism, Mussolini was placed in jail. After being let out, he began editing a socialist newspaper called Avanti.
  • Mussolini kicked out of Socialist Party for pro-nationalistic sentiments regarding WW I

    Mussolini kicked out of Socialist Party for pro-nationalistic sentiments regarding WW I
    Mussolini was soon kicked out of his position as a socialist paper editor after publicly going against the Italian government, and supporting WWI.
  • Treaty of London

    Treaty of London
    In order to conduct an internal revolution, fascist Italians tried to spark support for entering WWI. The Treaty of London shoes Italy fighting on the side of the Triple Entente.
  • (1919-1920) Beginning of Biennio Rosso

    (1919-1920) Beginning of Biennio Rosso
    The Bienno Rosso was a dark period in Italy, which displayed unemployment rises, strikes, land-stealing, and the institution of trade unions and peasant leagues.
  • Fascio di Combattimento formed in Milan

    Fascio di Combattimento formed in Milan
    Fascio di Combattimento were fighting groups of political people. To progress the growing fascist movement, they often used fear and violence to unite nationalists and socialists into the idea of fascism. The Fascio di Combattimento was soon known as the Blackshirts.
  • D’Annunzio takes Fiume

    D’Annunzio takes Fiume
    2000+ Italians stormed Fiume and controlled it for about a year. This was done to show the power of the Fascists.
  • Mussolini forms alliance with Giolitti

    Mussolini forms alliance with Giolitti
    Mussolini formed an alliance with the at time leader of the Italian Government. Together, they decided to try and get rid of the socialist powers in Italy.
  • Mussolini forms the PNF (Fascist Party) and is elected its leader

    Mussolini forms the PNF (Fascist Party) and is elected its leader
    The PNF was the name of the Italian Fascist Party, and in order to partake in the upcoming elections, Mussolini began seeking legitimization, but was only able to gather a few seats in the first election.
  • March on Rome and Mussolini becomes Prime Minister

    March on Rome and Mussolini becomes Prime Minister
    As PNF grew in popularity and credibility, during the 1921 elections, Fascism was seen as a legitimate possibility. Mussolini requested (or more so demanded) the resignation of the current prime minister, and soon after, Mussolini along with 25000 blackshirts, a march on Rome occurred, in order to take the position.
  • July - Acerbo Law passed

    July - Acerbo Law passed
    The Acerbo Law was passed in hopes to grow the Fascist's Party's control by gaining more seats within the Italian Parliament.
  • August 29th-September 27th - Corfu Incident

    August 29th-September 27th - Corfu Incident
    The name of the Italian and Greece conflict, after many Italians were killed on Greek territory. This was done to grow and gain support in hopes of emerging as a world power.
  • June - Aventine Secession

    June - Aventine Secession
    After the Matteotti crisis, many deputies left Mussolini's side, and called to overthrow him.
  • Matteotti Crisis

    Matteotti Crisis
    The Matteotti Crisis is the name given to the assassination of Matteotti, who supported opposition of socialism. This led to people wanting the overthrow of Mussolini.
  • Battle for Grain

    Battle for Grain
    In Italy, attempts to become self-sufficient, in order to grow in power and popularity. The Battle for Grain was one attempt, in which Mussolini requested farmers to produce more grain, but this led to a decline in many Italian exports.
  • Locarno Treaty signed

    Locarno Treaty signed
    One of the post WWI treaties, this treat officially declared peace between the main countries. Italy was highly upset with the outcomes of the treaty, as they were not given the land that they were promised.
  • Battle for Land and Battle for the Lira

    Battle for Land and Battle for the Lira
    The Battle for the Lira was another attempt to become Self-Sufficient, and its goal was to raise the value of the Italian Currency. The Battle for Land was an attempt to make more land worthy of farming.
  • Battle for Births

    Battle for Births
    The Battle for Births was an attempt to create an influx of births to serve as future soldiers and military.
  • Kellogg-Briand Treaty signed

    Kellogg-Briand Treaty signed
    The Kellogg-Briand Treaty was a treaty formed in Europe that was signed by 15 countries. The goal was to prevent war in Europe and Italy signed in order of hoping to gain reputation.
  • Lateran Treaty with Pope

    Lateran Treaty with Pope
    The so named 'agreement' was a declaration of formal support between Mussolini and the Vatican. Mussolini made many 'sacrifices' but the Pope still disagreed with most of Mussolini's policies.
  • Stresa Front

    Stresa Front
    This was an attempt at countering the Treaty of Versailles and the Locarno Treaty, and it made Austria independent. It was signed by by France, Italy, and Britain.
  • Abyssinian Crisis

    Abyssinian Crisis
    Italy attacked Abyssinia, going against the Kellogg-Briand Treaty. This brought severe economic consequences on Italy's exports, further reverting Italy's attempts at becoming Self-Sufficient.
  • Rome-Berlin Axis Treaty signed

    Rome-Berlin Axis Treaty signed
    The Rome-Berlin Axis Treaty the bond between Nazi-Germany and Fascist-Italy.
  • Munich Conference

    Munich Conference
    The Munich Conference gave Germany the ability to gain more popularity and thus, territories. Czechoslovakia was mostly filled with Germans, and thus, highly contested by Germany.
  • Italy invades Albania

    Italy invades Albania
    Italy invading Albania was done as a display of power. It wanted to show the world that it was capable of being a World Power, as they would be able to capture the territory in Albania.
  • Mussolini brought down by coup during WW II

    Mussolini brought down by coup during WW II
    Mussolini was voted off of the Fascist Grand Council after being blamed for Italy's involvement in WWII
  • Italy enters WW II on side of Germany

    Italy enters WW II on side of Germany
    Being great friends with the German Dictator Adolf Hitler, Mussolini took his advice, and entered WWII on the axis side. This caused a large collection of revolts across Italy.
  • Mussolini is killed

    Mussolini is killed
    Mussolini was executed alongside his mistress, after being caught by a group of communists. Their corpses were then publicly displayed.