U.S. 1800-1876

Timeline created by schnabby
In History
  • Thomas Jefferson Inaugurated

    Thomas Jefferson Inaugurated
    Thomas Jefferson is inaugurated as the third U.S. President.
  • Cane Ridge Revival

    Cane Ridge Revival
    The Cane Ridge Revival, a revival in Cane Ridge, Kentucky during the Second Great Awakening, evokes a strong spiritual response from many Protestant denominations.
  • Marbury v. Madison

    Marbury v. Madison
    Justice John Marshall establishes a precedent by declaring the Judicial Branch's right to determine constitutionality through his decision on the case Marbury v. Madison.
  • Louisiana Purchase

    Louisiana Purchase
    The United States under Thomas Jefferson purchases the Louisiana Territory from Napoleon Bonaparte after the loss of the colony of Haiti to its enslaved population forces the emperor to reconsider the territory's value to France.
  • James Madison Inaugurated

    James Madison Inaugurated
    James Madison, the fourth U.S. President, is inaugurated.
  • War of 1812 Begins

    War of 1812 Begins
    The War of 1812, a result of American resistance to British impressment and other forms of aggravation, begins.
  • USS Constitution Battles HMS Guerriere

    USS Constitution Battles HMS Guerriere
    The USS Constitution, nicknamed "Old Ironsides" for its unyielding resistance to cannon fire, soundly defeats and essentially destroys the HMS Guerriere.
  • Francis Scott Key Writes "The Star Spangled Banner"

    Francis Scott Key Writes "The Star Spangled Banner"
    During a naval battle at Fort McHenry, poet Francis Scott Key writes "The Star Spangled Banner", which will become the country's national anthem.
  • Treaty of Ghent

    Treaty of Ghent
    The Treaty of Ghent ends the War of 1812, essentially returning the countries' relationship to its original state.
  • General Andrew Jackson defeats British at New Orleans

    General Andrew Jackson defeats British at New Orleans
    General Andrew Jackson defeats the British at New Orleans, both sides unaware that the war has already ended. Although unnecessary, the victory was well celebrated by Americans.
  • James Monroe Inaugurated

    James Monroe Inaugurated
    James Monroe is inaugurated as the fifth U.S. President.
  • Missouri Compromise

    Missouri Compromise
    The Missouri Compromise temporarily quells the issue of slavery by allowing Missouri to enter as a slave state and Maine to enter as a free state and mandating that no new states below the Mason-Dixon line could allow slavery.
  • Monroe Doctrine

    Monroe Doctrine
    President Monroe issues the Monroe Doctrine, which warns Europeans from further colonization in the Americas.
  • John Quincy Adams Inaugurated

    John Quincy Adams Inaugurated
    John Quincy Adams, the sixth U.S. President, is inaugurated.
  • Erie Canal Completed

    Erie Canal Completed
    The Erie Canal, a canal connecting the Great Lakes and the Hudson River, is completed.
  • Andrew Jackson Inaugurated

    Andrew Jackson Inaugurated
    Andrew Jackson, the seventh U.S. President, is inaugurated.
  • Book of Mormon First Sold

    Book of Mormon First Sold
    Joseph Smith publishes the Book of Mormon, a supposed divine revelation of what will become the doctrine and history of the Mormon faith, and sells it in a bookstore in Palmyra, New York.
  • Indian Removal Act of 1830

    Indian Removal Act of 1830
    The Indian Removal Act of 1830 forces Native Americans out of lands east of the Mississippi River, allowing Anglo Americans to settle there instead.
  • Nat Turner's Rebellion Ends

    Nat Turner's Rebellion Ends
    Nat Turner, an enslaved preacher, leads an ultimately unsuccessful rebellion against white enslavers that results in many deaths on both sides.
  • Texas Revolution Begins

    Texas Revolution Begins
    American settlers in Texas begin a revolution against the Mexican dictator Santa Anna. The war begins in Gonzalez.
  • Treaty of New Echota

    Treaty of New Echota
    The Cherokee sign the Treaty of New Echota, in which they give up their lands in Georgia for 5 million dollars. Martin Van Buren will later use this treaty to forcibly drive the Cherokee west on the Trail of Tears.
  • Texians Defeated at the Alamo

    Texians Defeated at the Alamo
    Santa Anna defeats Texian forces at the Alamo, killing many important figures, such as Jim Bowie and Davy Crockett.
  • Battle of San Jacinto

    Battle of San Jacinto
    The Battle of San Jacinto, the last battle in the Texas Revolution, results in a victory for the Texians.
  • Treaty of Velasco

    Treaty of Velasco
    The Treaty of Velasco ends the Texas Revolution. Texas becomes its own nation.
  • Martin Van Buren Inaugurated

    Martin Van Buren Inaugurated
    Martin Van Buren, President Andrew Jackson's successor, is inaugurated as the eighth U.S. President.
  • Panic of 1837 Begins

    Panic of 1837 Begins
    The Panic of 1837, an inflation-induced economic panic resulting in an economic depression, begins with runs on New York banks.
  • William Henry Harrison Inaugurated

    William Henry Harrison Inaugurated
    William Henry Harrison is inaugurated as the ninth U.S. President. His inaugural address is the longest in U.S. history.
  • William Henry Harrison Dies in Office

    William Henry Harrison Dies in Office
    William Henry Harrison becomes sick, possibly due to delivering his long inaugural address out in the cold, misty weather. He dies after 31 days in office.
  • John Tyler Inaugurated

    John Tyler Inaugurated
    John Tyler, President William Henry Harrison's Vice President, is inaugurated as the tenth U.S. President.
  • James K. Polk Inaugurated

    James K. Polk Inaugurated
    James K. Polk is inaugurated as the eleventh U.S. President.
  • Frederick Douglass Publishes Autobiography

    Frederick Douglass Publishes Autobiography
    Frederick Douglass, an escaped slave and abolitionist, publishes his autobiography.
  • Texas Becomes a State

    Texas Becomes a State
    John Tyler is pressured to admit Texas as a state. He finally does, a day before James K. Polk's inauguration. Texas accepts and is admitted as the twenty-eighth state.
  • Mexican-American War Begins

    Mexican-American War Begins
    Mexico, unwilling to recognize Texas as a separate state and angered at its admittance to U.S., begins a war with America by attacking U.S. troops in Texas.
  • Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

    Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
    The Mexican American War ends with the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. The U.S. gains much Mexican Territory.
  • Seneca Falls Convention Begins

    Seneca Falls Convention Begins
    Woman's rights activists Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton hold the first woman's right's convention in Seneca Falls, New York.
  • Zachary Taylor Inaugurated

    Zachary Taylor Inaugurated
    Zachary Taylor, an important general in the Mexican-American War, is inaugurated as the twelfth U.S. President.
  • Millard Fillmore Inaugurated

    Millard Fillmore Inaugurated
    Millard Fillmore, President Zachary Taylor's Vice President, is inaugurated as the thirteenth U.S. President after his predecessor dies in office.
  • California Becomes a State

    California Becomes a State
    California, belonging to the territory won by the U.S. in the Mexican-American War, becomes quickly populated after the discovery of gold at Sutter's Mill in 1848 results in the California Gold Rush. It soon achieves statehood.
  • Fugitive Slave Act of 1850

    Fugitive Slave Act of 1850
    The Fugitive Slave Act of 1850, belonging to the Compromise of 1850, mandates that Northerners must assist in the return of fugitive slaves from the South. It is widely disliked by abolitionists.
  • Uncle Tom's Cabin Published

    Uncle Tom's Cabin Published
    Harriet Beecher Stowe's abolitionist novel, Uncle Tom's Cabin, is published. It greatly influences anti-slavery sentiments of the time.
  • Franklin Pierce Inaugurated

    Franklin Pierce Inaugurated
    Franklin Pierce is inaugurated as the fourteenth U.S. President.
  • Republican Party Organized

    Republican Party Organized
    The Republican Party, an antislavery and pro-expansion party, rises to challenge the Democratic Party.
  • Kansas-Nebraska Act

    Kansas-Nebraska Act
    The Kansas-Nebraska Act creates the territories of Kansas and Nebraska. It also allows for popular sovereignty to decide slavery, repealing the Missouri Compromise.
  • James Buchanan Inaugurated

    James Buchanan Inaugurated
    James Buchanan is inaugurated as the fifteenth U.S. President.
  • Dred Scott Decision

    Dred Scott Decision
    With the Dred Scott Decision, regarding a slave whose southern owner brought him to live in a non-slave state, Chief Justice Roger Taney rules that African Americans are not citizens and therefore cannot sue.
  • John Brown's Raid

    John Brown's Raid
    John Brown, an abolitionist, leads a raid on Harper's Ferry, Virginia. His raid is unsuccessful, and he is eventually put to death for his crimes.
  • South Carolina Secedes

    South Carolina Secedes
    South Carolina secedes from the Union upon Abraham Lincoln's election to the presidency. It is the first Southern state to secede.
  • Abraham Lincoln Inaugurated

    Abraham Lincoln Inaugurated
    Abraham Lincoln is inaugurated as the sixteenth U.S. President. He is the first Republican candidate to become President.
  • Confederate States of America Formed

    Confederate States of America Formed
    The Confederate States of America are formed of the Southern states that have seceded from the Union. Jefferson Davis is chosen as President, and the capital is chosen to be Montgomery, Alabama and later Richmond, Virginia.
  • Battle of Fort Sumter

    Battle of Fort Sumter
    The Civil War Begins at Fort Sumter, where Confederate forces defeat Union forces stationed there.
  • First Battle of Bull Run

    First Battle of Bull Run
    The First Battle of Bull Run at Manassas Junction, led by Union General Irvin McDowell, results in a Confederate Victory.
  • Battle of Shiloh

    Battle of Shiloh
    The Battle of Shiloh in Tennessee results in a Union victory. It paves the way for the Union's capture of Tennessee.
  • Second Battle of Bull Run

    Second Battle of Bull Run
    The Second Battle of Bull Run, led by Union General John Pope, results in another Confederate victory.
  • Battle of Antietam

    Battle of Antietam
    The Battle of Antietam, the bloodiest single day in Civil War History, has inconclusive results. It is the first major battle that takes place within the Union.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    Lincoln issues the Emancipation Proclamation, which frees slaves in the states fighting against the Union. It does not, however, free slaves in the Union slave states.
  • Battle of Gettysburg

    Battle of Gettysburg
    The Battle of Gettysburg, the bloodiest battle in the Civil War, Confederate General Robert E. Lee invades Pennsylvania. The battle results in a Union Victory.
  • Siege of Vicksburg

    Siege of Vicksburg
    In the Siege of Vicksburg, General Ulysses S. Grant completes the capture of the Mississippi River with a Union victory. The Confederacy is now split in two.
  • Gettysburg Address

    Gettysburg Address
    Abraham Lincoln gives his famous Gettysburg Address in order to commemorate the fallen soldiers in the Battle of Gettysburg.
  • Grant Appointed as Supreme Commander of Union Army

    Grant Appointed as Supreme Commander of Union Army
    President Lincoln appoints General Ulysses S. Grant to the head of the Union Army.
  • Civil War Ends at Appomattox Court House

    Civil War Ends at Appomattox Court House
    After the fall of Richmond to Union forces, the Civil War begins to come to a close. Ulysses S. Grant and Robert E. Lee meet at Appomattox Court House, Virginia to discuss the Confederacy's surrender. Grant is very gracious to Lee and his men, giving them rations and allowing them to keep their side weapons and animals. Most fighting ends after the surrender.
  • Lincoln Assassinated

    Lincoln Assassinated
    John Wilkes Booth, an actor, shoots President Abraham Lincoln in the head as he is watching the performance of a play in a private box. Lincoln dies the next morning.
  • Andrew Johnson Inaugurated

    Andrew Johnson Inaugurated
    Andrew Jackson, President Abraham Lincoln's Vice President, is inaugurated as the seventeenth U.S. President after Lincoln is assassinated.
  • 13th Amendment

    13th Amendment
    The U.S. ratifies the 13th Amendment to the Constitution, which abolishes slavery.
  • First Reconstruction Act

    First Reconstruction Act
    Congress passes the first Reconstruction Act, which divides the former Confederacy (excluding Tennessee) into five military districts. These states would be readmitted once they altered their constitutions to give freed African Americans voting rights. This is the beginning of the Radical Republicans' harsh Reconstruction.
  • 14th Amendment

    14th Amendment
    The U.S. ratifies the 14th Amendment to the Constitution, which denies states the right of secession and ensures equal legal treatment of African Americans.
  • Ulysses S. Grant Inaugurated

    Ulysses S. Grant Inaugurated
    Ulysses S. Grant is inaugurated as the eighteenth U.S. President.
  • 15th Amendment

    15th Amendment
    The U.S. Ratifies the 15th Amendment to the Constitution, which ensures that all citizens are allowed to vote regardless of race or former enslavement. It is the last Reconstruction Amendment.
  • Rutherford B. Hayes Elected

    Rutherford B. Hayes Elected
    Rutherford B. Hayes is elected as the nineteenth U. S. President.