The Great Awakening-It changed religious, social, and political life in colonies
-It happened so everyone could be under the same religion with no problems
-Church people and ministers got everyone back under their religion
-Colonists got back under a religion and went to hear ministers preach
-Everyone went back under their religion
The French and Indian War-British fought the French over territory in America.
-Both groups had indians fighting on their side.
-This war put England in debt.
-England used colonists to pay off their debt called the Quartering Act
Proclamation of 1763-Closed off expansion for colonies
-The French and Indian war led up to this event
-Proclamation stated that no one could move west of the Apalacian mountains
-This made colonists angry
Sugar Act-The British government was in debt from war, and had colonies pay it back by taxing molasses, coffee, wine, sugar.
-Samuel Adams said the sugar act was illegal.
-Colonists were angry about the sugar act
-The Sugar Act was the first law pressed by Parliament that was designed specifically to raise money in colonies.
Stamp Act-Colonists were told they have to pay their share of millitary expences.
-The colonists got tired of paying for millitary taxes.
-It ended when some leaders thought it was not just making the colonies suffer, but it was making other countries suffer too.
-This act taxed anything on paper.
-It changed the way people spend their money.
Townshed Acts-Placed duties on imported glass, lead, paints, paper, and tea.
-Many colonists thought that the tea act took too much paper away from colonial courts and legislatures and gave it too royal officials
-Colonists feared that the royal officials would not be accountable to colonial authorities and did not have the best interrests of the colonies at heart
-Colonists responded to the Townshed Acts by boycotting british goods
-Colonists started to make goods instead of buying british goods
Townshed Acts continued-Colonial legislatures also protested against the Townshed Acts
Boston Massacre-The Boston Massacre was important because they started to use propagandas against the British.
-Bostonians saw the presence of British troops as a threat by the British government against its critics in Massachusetts
-During these events there was a lot of fighting and killings happening
-The colonists were outraged and the British were only trying to protect themselves
Boston Massacre continued.-The Boston Massacre ended when seven people were proven innocent, but convicted two other soldiers of accidentally killing people in the crowd.
Tea Act-Kept a tax on tea to show that it still claimed the right to tax colonists.
-British wanted to tax colonists for tea from England
-Most tea was smuggled into the colonies from England
Boston Tea Party-Colonists disguised as indians dumped all tea off the three ships docked in the Boston Harbour
-It happened because the colonists were mad a bout the tax on tea and the three ships with tea cargoes were left unsupervised over night.
-Colonists dumped tea off the ships
-Colonists were celebrating and the British were very mad
Intolerable Acts-So many important things were taken from Boston
-It banned them to do many things, and they made them house soldiers to keep the colonists under control
-The minister of England found out about the tax on tea and he did something about it
-The colonists went to the King and told them they were tired of being pushed around, and they demanded to have their rights back
Battle of Lexington/Concord-The colonists and the British went up against each other in a battle
-The minutemen were soldiers that were ready to fight on a minutes notice
-The British became concerned when militia units seemed to be actively preparing for armed conflict
-Lexington: Two men got on horses to warn the minutemen that "the British are coming!" Seventy minutemen went up against the British troops. Only eight were dead and ten were wounded.
Battle of Lexington/Concord continued-Concord: The British marched to Concord. They were looking for hidden weapons, but they did not find any.The minutemen charged after the British. The British retreated back to Boston. This battle ended in minutes.
Battle of Bunker Hill-Minutemen surrounded Boston and colonial forces
-Americans lost their weapons so they fought with bare hands and they threw rocks at the British
-The redcoats retreated twice
-The British had a tragic victory
Common Sense-It was the largest sale and circulation of any book in American history
-Common Sense presented an argument for freedom from British rule
-This book connected independence with common clissenting protestant beliefs
Declaration of Independence-It declared independence from England
-This was caused by the taxes, laws and want for freedom from colonists
-A committee was assembled to draft the declaration then Thomas Jefferson wrote the final draft
-Colonists were happy that they were getting their independece from England finally.
Battle of Saratoga-These battles were fought eightteen days apart on the same ground which was nine miles
-British general wanted to divide New England from the southern colonies
-There were many battles
-British were waiting to decide the fate of British General John Burgoyne's army
-Americans captured a portion of the British defenses
Battle of Yorktown-A victory by a combined attack of American trrops led by General George Washington
-There was a battle between Americans and the British
-This battle gave America hope
-British political leaders lost the will to fight
Treaty of Paris-Treaty concluding the Seven Year's War and the French and Indian War
-The Seven Year's War and the French and Indian War led up to the Treaty of Paris
-Britain restored France to four West Indian Lands and a West African colony
-The british were giving France land