US History: VHS Summer 20 Claire K

Timeline created by Claire.KennedyPenuel
In History
  • The Massacre at Sand Creek

    The Massacre at Sand Creek
    Black Kettle, who was the chief of the Sand creek village,home to around 800 Cheyenne Indians, approached a US fort for reassurance that his town would be protected. They assured him, but the next day they did not hold themselves to the promise. The Colorado Volunteers surrounded the village and killed about half of the village, showing no mercy. The Indian Communities later retaliated. (
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    This Timeline will feature key events impacting the development of America between 1877-2011. It includes 5 influential ideas and themes, and 15 major events.
  • Hawaiian Annexation

    Hawaiian Annexation
    After the Civil war, the sugar trade industry with Hawaii was booming. Then, Congress introduced a tariff for sugar imports, which resulted in the sugar planter’s profits going down. The planters then wanted to overthrow their Queen, and then join America as a state. President McKinley signed a joint resolution to annex the Hawaiian Islands. It became a territory and then eventually became the last to become a state in 1959. (
  • The Gilden Age

    The Gilden Age
    After the Civil war, America started to boom economically. It became a huge industrial powerhouse. There were many highly motivated capitalists who processed large portions of the countries’ wealth and achieved the status in corrupted ways, such as government influence or exploitation of workers (Source:
  • American Socialism

    American Socialism
    Socialists in America based their views around those of German Karl Marx. They felt there should be a smaller divide between the wealthy and the working class because the wealthy only achieved their status because of the working class contributions. The founded Socialist party in America believed the government should regulate the industries so that profit could be divided more equally. (Source:
  • The Great War Begins

    The Great War Begins
    Sparked by the assassination of the Archduke of Austria-Hungary, this war raged on for four long years. At first, America reacted by remaining neutral, as it had trouble picking a side in the chaos. eventually, they decided to join the fight. In the end, soldiers from each country were lost, and it had become a world-shaping event to remember forever.(
  • The Treaty of Versailles

    The Treaty of Versailles
    Most of this treaty was drafted by the "Four Great Powers." This referred to Great Britain, Italy, France, and America. It was meant to impose resolutions after the end of the war and help prevent another one. Even though Wilson was very active at the Paris Peace Conference, America did not end up ratifying the document or joining the League of Nations. This was due to personal feuds between Wison and a member of senate, and lack of public support(
  • The Harlem Renaissance

    The Harlem Renaissance
    After slavery was abolished, many African Americans started migrating North. Harlem, a neighborhood in New York, had a dense population of African Americans seeking a better life. It soon became a time to celebrate African American culture, through great artists, authors, and musicians. White Americans started to flood into crowds to watch the Jazz performances. However, African Americans still faced many challenges and discrimination up north(
  • The Great Depression

    The Great Depression
    The stock market crash of 1929 started a domino effect that, in combination with other events, started many years of economic depression in America. Many firms had too many liabilities to operate, and banks started failing. At the time, there was not a sound system in America that ensured these things would not spiral out of control. it hit middle and lower-class Americans especially hard because they had their finances stretched out in other payments.(
  • American Isolationism

    American Isolationism
    While dealing with the crash of the stock market, America was wary of engaging in foreign wars again after WWI. Instead of intervening, President Hoover refused to recognize territory that was illegally invaded by Japan. A want for complete diplomatic isolation started to sweep the nation, but eventually, tensions grew and America did get involved in WWII.(
  • Pearl Harbor Attack

    Pearl Harbor Attack
    Trade negotiations between Japan and the US were pretty much nowhere. America was expecting Japan might be attacking a US territory because they wanted to expand their empire in the pacific. However, they were not expecting it to be in Hawaii. Hawaii was their choice because it would weaken the American Navy in the Pacific, making it easier for them to take over the Philippines. The bomb killed around 3000 Americans and destroyed many navy resources. (
  • D-Day

    On this infamous day, the Allied forces landed in Normandy and invaded. There was an extremely bloody battle with the German resistance, and it forced the Germans to retreat. The Allied force's invasion of Nazi-occupied northern France weakened the Germans to the point of eventual surrender, and this day was a significant event in ending the war. (
  • McCarthyism

    During the Cold war, there was an atmosphere of fear around the rise of communism and Atomic threats. Being accused of having communist believes could tarnish someone's reputation. McCarthyism was the practice of the accusation someone of Communist believes, even without proper evidence. This term was named after a Wisconsin Senator. (
  • Civil Rights Movement

    Civil Rights Movement
    Even after slavery was abolished, Black Americas still had limited Freedom. They were faced with discrimination, and the "separate but equal" segregation system allocated funds in favor of White facilities. A peaceful movement was formed to fight for Black Americans to be protected under equal legal rights. Some of the most infamous events of the Civil rights movement included lunch counter sit-ins, MLK's speech at Washington, and the Montgomery Bus Boycott.(
  • Vietnam War

    Vietnam War
    The Truman Administration had made promises to the government of South Vietnam that they would not let communism overtake them. This was the second-longest war in US history and was overseen by multiple presidencies. In the end, America lost the war. Contributing factors included lack of support as time went on and an unjust drafting system. It officially came to a close in 1973 after President Nixon signed a ceasefire.(
  • Invention of the Internet

    Invention of the Internet
    The internet was invented by The Department of Defense and used mostly by the government and scientists. Later on, came the invention of the World Wide Web. It opened up new opportunities and experiences for many Americas, who could now work from home, communicate via email, and find valuable information at their fingertips. (
  • Triangular Democracy

    Triangular Democracy
    This was a concept created by new foreign policies during the Vietnam War. America's biggest rival communist nations were the USSR and China. Nixon decided that forming agreements to ease tense relations would be most beneficial for all, thus creating a new trend in American Diplomatic Relations. Nixon took business trips to both China and the Societ Union to make arrangments and negotiations that they would help bring them closer to peace.(
  • Roe Vs Wade

    Roe Vs Wade
    One of the most pressing issues to the Feminist Movement in America is abortion. The famous Roe vs. Wade court case happened after a Woman in Texas challenged the law prohibiting the choice of abortion. Finally, after 2 years of debate, the Supreme Court ruled the Texan law to be invalid. This created a lot of outrage within "pro-life" organizations. Since then, there are still heated debates over abortion, including again in court. (
  • Reaganomics

    This was a term that the media frequently used to refer to Reagan's financial plans for America. He called for massive tax cuts for the upper class. He called this "Trickle Down Economics," the idea that the extra money would trickle down to the lower classes and the government. In his plans, he also proposed increased military spending and initially wanted to cut some funding to welfare programs. The results were very mixed as well as opinions. (
  • End of the Cold War

    End of the Cold War
    The Cold war had been raging on for years, and wrecking global relations, but then communist leaderships all started to fall apart one after another. It started with the Soviet Union, and then eventually the Iron Curtain collapsed. The whole world started adapting to this new life of no cold war, and recover from the millions of lives that were lost.(

    The North American Free Trade Agreement was signed by America, Canada, and Mexico to help establish a free trade within North America. It also minimized most tariffs and benefited the continent's economy. (