USHC Project

Timeline created by Devon.Rudd
In History
  • Northwest Ordinance

    The Northwest Ordinance which was finally admitted on July 13, 1787, was used as a way to admit new states into the Union. It was used as a plan for admitting states as the country expanded to the pacific. With this, there was also a bill of rights that would outline the basic rights of these new states. This was important in U.S. history because it is seen as a start to westward expansion. It was also important because it was a system that was new that seemed to work well.
  • Louisiana Purchase

    The Louisiana Purchase of 1803 was a deal between the U.S. and France. One where the U.S. acquired nearly 850,000 square miles of land for 15 million. This happened after westward expansion started to slow because of the movement through the Mississippi and they needed access to the new Orleans ports.
    However, this event is very major in U.S. history because without it we wouldn't have all of that land today. The Louisiana purchase made up nearly half of the entire country.
  • Missouri Compromise

    The Missouri Compromise was a compromise which happened in 1820 where there were debates about keeping slave and free state power equal. So in order for Missouri to come into the union as a slave state, Maine was taken from Mass. as a free state. This would stay in power until about 30 years later when the Kansas-Nebraska Act was formed.
    The Missouri Compromise was very crucial to the history of the united state. Mainly because it was something that could have potentially caused a war.
  • Monroe Doctrine

    The Monroe Doctrine is a document which warned European powers that the western hemisphere is no longer for them to expand to. The message for this document was delivered by James Monroe in 1823. It also blocked off all colonization of the western hemisphere from the states as well.
    This is something very key in U.S. history because without this doctrine we don't know whether or not this would be the country it is now. I would say its the reason we are as free as we are.
  • Nullification Crisis

    The nullification crisis began because South Carolina always argued with the federal government when declaring things void in the state. This doctrine was advocated by Jefferson and Madison in the Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions. It ultimately ended with the federal government being able to abolish the constitutional theory.
    This was important because it led to the civil war. Mainly because South Carolina would never listen to the federal government, this is why they succeeded.
  • Texas Annexation

    The texas annexation was due to Texas declaring independence from Mexico. Texas was hoping to be annexed but Mexico had threatened war over such. The first attempt to annex texas was rejected to try and avoid a war, some time after however, it was annexed into the states.
    This is important because once again we had done something that formed the country that we live in now. Texas made up about a very large portion of the states now.
  • Oregon Treaty

    The Oregon Treaty was the treaty that was signed to give us the Oregon territory. We had now expanded from coast to coast. However, the land above the 49th parallel was still considered great Britain's, so anyone under which was considered an American citizen.
    This is a VERY significant event in history. This is because westward expansion was basically complete, we had finally gotten the land from the Atlantic to the Pacific.
  • Mexican Cession

    This refers to the land that was succeeded to the U.S. this was thanks to the treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. This was a huge win for the U.S. but it was also not a good thing. This is because the states had a huge argument over what would be a free or slave state.
    The fact that it completed the southwestern region of the U.S. basically completing westward expansion is HUGE. The states California, Arizona, Nevada, and Utah were all included in this cession, These are all pretty major places now.
  • Compromise of 1850

    This compromise deals with the 5 laws passed in 1850, these had to deal with expansion and slavery. A year before California had requested to become a part of the Union as a free state. However, this would upset people because it corrupted the balance between slave and free states.
    This was very big in history, firstly because it abolished the slave trade in the capital. But also because it introduced the fugitive slave act.
  • Kansas-Nebraska Act

    This allowed people to choose whether or not their state would be slave or free state. It also seemed to go against the Missouri Compromise which said no slavery above the 36, 30 line. This wasn't very popular in the north but it was in the south.
    Importance: This was one of many acts in the U.S. that had to deal with the Civil War. This was another example of popular sovereignty in the U.S. but would also lead to bleeding Kansas.
  • Bleeding Kansas

    Caused by the Kansas Nebraska Act, this is because of the debate over whether it would be a slave or free state. John Brown was an abolitionist that used violence to convey his message, he led the revolt that led to a huge fight between northerners and southerners. This was big because it showed that there were people willing to fight for slaves to be free. This was key for the abolitionist movement for the slaves. As well as feeding the chances of the civil war.
  • Battle of Fort Sumter

    The Battle of Fort Sumter was where the Civil War began. The very first shots of the war were fired upon the fort. This happened after Lincoln won the election and abolished slavery. The southern states ended up succeeding.
    This is a MAJOR moment in history, it was when the first battle of the Civil War happened. It would lead to the very thing that separated this country but unified it even more.
  • Battle of Bull Run

    This was the first major LAND battle of the civil war, but wouldn't be the last. This happened when 35,000 troops from Washington marched onto 20,000 troops posted on a river called Bull Run. However, the Confederate troops ended up winning.
    This was big for the confederacy because it gave a huge confidence boost in the following fights. The north was also very embarrassed about the loss to the smaller army.
  • Battle of Anteitam

    This battle took place on Union soil and is known as the bloodiest day in American history. Both sides combined suffered a total of almost 23,000 that were either dead, wounded, or missing. This was a strategic victory for the Union but wasn't considered so considering the number of casualties.
    This would lead to the emancipation proclamation which would be issued not too long after. This is also very relevant because it was the SINGLE most bloody DAY in American history.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    After years of war, Abraham Lincoln finally decided to proclaim that "all persons held as slaves" within the rebel states. "shall be free" This angered the Confederacy because it was basically saying that the confederacy didn't have its own power. However, it left slavery untouched in the border states.
    This was important because now the south had to fight to maintain their way of life. But it also kind of backfired because the border states were still allowed to have slaves.
  • Battle of Vicksburg

    Ulysses S. Grant marched his people onto the Confederate troops and ordered an immediate assault. This is a major turning point in the war because they gained control of the Mississippi. The confederacy was split into two causing them to retreat.
    This was a HUGE victory for the Union because they gained control of the Mississippi from the war. It is considered a major turning point in the war.
  • Battle of Gettysburg

    This battle took place in July of 1863 when Lee decided to head towards Pennsylvania to try and take some union land. And the Confederacy seemed very good until night fell on them. The union thought of a new plan and managed to get the Confederates to retreat.
    This war marked the last time that the south would try and invade the north. Lee retreated because 1/3 of his troops were either wounded or were dead.
  • Gettysburg Address

    Abraham Lincoln delivered the Gettysburg Address in 1863. This is when he went to the battlefield of Gettysburg and dedicated it to the fallen soldiers. He used quotes from the declaration of independence to try and unite people more.
    Big thing because it was something for the troops that fought for him. Also reminded people about the basic principles that this country was founded on.
  • Shermans March to Sea

    This was a march "to the sea" which was lead by William Sherman. He was a man who believed in the total war strategy. He led forces to the sea where they would burn towns down and kill people he used "scorched earth methods" to burn the land.
    This was a major moment in the history of the U.S. because some of the damage is still done to the land nowadays. You can hear stories of parts of Charleston that was once burned to the ground because of Sherman.
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    Presidential Reconstruction

    Presidential reconstruction had to deal with the things the president was going to move forward with reconstruction after the war. Abraham Lincoln introduced the 10% plan. Which made 10% of the voters in the election of 1860 swear an oath to the union as well as accept terms of emancipation.
    This was big because it showed the people that the president was willing to help with reconstruction. He was willing to allow the south to join the union and just brush the war off of his shoulder.
  • 13th Amendment Passed

    Ended Slavery
    It was stated that the southern states were to recognize the amendment before they could form new governments. Black codes were then created, this showed that southerners were not willing to realize that freedmen had rights.
    This was huge for the African Americans because now they were no longer slaves. They had gained the freedoms that they should have been born with.
  • 14th Amendment Passed

    Birthright Citizenship.
    This basically meant that if you were born in the United States you were a citizen. This overturned the Dred Scott v Stanford decision as well.
    This was also big because now African Americans could qualify for things that required citizenship. Like running for office or even voting. African Americans were finally being granted there freedoms.
  • Period: to

    Congressional Reconstruction

    Congressional Reconstruction which was more commonly known as radical reconstruction. Was a more grudge like a way of getting back at the south for starting the war. People wanted to punish the south for causing the war.
    This split up the people even more by being controlling over the south instead of trying to work with them about the issues. They wanted the 14th amendment ratified and for African Americans to be able to vote.
  • 15th Amendment Passed

    This allowed ALL MEN to vote. This was good for the men but women still couldn't vote. However, things like literacy tests were put in place to keep black men from voting.
    This was something that is very big because it allowed them to change the outcome of the elections. But they were still being segregated against because of the literacy tests. As well as other things that limited them from doing things that white men would do.
  • Plessy v Ferguson

    This was a court ruling in which the court legalized segregation under "separate but equal" terms. This meant that blacks and whites would be separated but as long as it seemed fair it was legal. But, this was not fair in any way, shape, or form.
    This is important because it showed that the south was still not going to grant freedmen all the rights they had. They had to still work for the freedmen and it wasn't fair, but because they were allowed to, it was ok.