Important Contributions in Forensic Science

Timeline created by aansh12
  • 1300

    13th Century China

    13th Century China
    The first case ever recorded using forensic science. When someone was stabbed, all the knives in the village were collected. Flies were attracted to the traces of blood, so they landed on the knife that was the murder weapon. This forced the suspect to confess of the crime.
  • Mathieu Orfila

    Mathieu Orfila
    Considered the "Father of Forensic Toxicology". He was a chemist who published the first scientific paper on the detection of poisons and their effect on animals.
  • William Herschel

    William Herschel
    Used thumbprints on documents to identify workers in India.
  • Alphonse Bertillon

    Alphonse Bertillon
    "Father of Criminal Identification". Developed Anthropometry which uses body measurements to distinguish individuals.
  • Henry Faulds

    Henry Faulds
    Uses fingerprints to eliminate an innocent burglary suspect.
  • Sir Arthur Conan Doyle

    Sir Arthur Conan Doyle
    Published his first Sherlock Holmes story. Considered the first "CSI", featured in four novels and 56 short stories, popularized scientific crime-detection methods.
  • Francis Galton

    Francis Galton
    Published "Finger Prints" and conducted the first definitive study of fingerprints and their classification. Gave proof of their uniqueness.
  • Hans Gross

    Hans Gross
    Wrote the first paper describing the application of scientific principles to the field of criminal investigation and published "Criminal Investigation".
  • Karl Landsteiner

    Karl Landsteiner
    Discovered the A, B, AB, and O blood groups. He later received the Nobel Prize for this discovery.
  • Edmond Locard

    Edmond Locard
    Incorporated Gross’ principles within a workable crime lab and later became the founder and director of the Institute of Criminalistics at the University of Lyons, France.
  • Albert S. Osborn

    Albert S. Osborn
    Published "Questioned Documents" and developed the fundamental principles of document examination.
  • Leone Lattes

    Leone Lattes
    Developed a method for determining blood type from dried blood.
  • August Vollmer

    August Vollmer
    Established the first crime lab in United States. Specifically located in Los Angeles, California.
  • Calvin Goddard

    Calvin Goddard
    Developed a comparison microscope and it was first used to compare bullets to see if fired from the same weapon.